In the paper “Foreign Policy Analysis And Random Actor Model” the author analyzes the procedure of Foreign policy analysis. It entails thorough study and analysis of other countries political environment, decision making procedure and intergovernmental organizations…
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Policies are value expressions or better still preferences that represent future preferences against others. However, a nation has her foreign policies as decisions that point to the future on accounts of other nations as against her internal decisions (Kent, 1969, 96). The analysis revolves aroundthe assessment of international as well as internal domestic political environment. It also entails setting goals and determining the options on foreign policies. Therefore, through foreign policies, a nation’s internal politics are linked to the external decisions made by other states or decision makers.Actor models are basic tools of applications that are used to evaluate the eventual performance or outcome by a specific policy decision taken by an individual or in this case a state. The applications are more relevant and dependent that manual analysis of the policy performance. The models are differentiated by the actor focus and specifications. In the Random Actor model, the two components that matter are the game and the decision. While in the decision aspect the model reasons and chooses among many available choices, the game aspect entails the logical evaluation of the decision adopted. Rational actor model involves the players taking decisions on policies based on thorough scrutiny as well as applying the notion that governments act from a rational perspectives. The illustration however reveals that it is not always the case that the two will act concurrently for the welfare for both concurrently. A repeat of the game reveals a inanimate change of decision s by the parties to maximize on their gains. Nevertheless, optimal gains are seen to be realized in the cooperation efforts as well as in the rational decision s that will benefit all. Rational analysis evaluates government’s decisions and policies on the available facts that were applied while adopting and designing the policies. It is a purposeful behavior which entails acting at the influence of reasoning (Kahler, 1998, 921-922). The objectives also are evaluated in analyzing what rational interested that the governments behavior imply. The model asks whether the government decisions were meant to maximize the benefits in comparison to the options forgone. Moreover, the model evaluates the nature of interactions based on strategic analysis. Rationality therefore implies that the actions of a player, in this case the government, are somehow connected to the intended goals or objectives. Ethical behavior in decision making may not necessarily imply rationality (Slantchev, 2005, 1). Whenever a government intends
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Kennedy’s decisions in the Cuban Missile Crisis and how they related to the Soviet government led by Nikita Khrushchev. In viewing the State as a “rational actor” in this theory, foreign policy is created and enacted as it best serves the interests of the nation, a definition that may change depending on which administration is in power.
Since the end of World War II British foreign policy has consisted of the management of decline”. Assess this proposition. The British foreign policy sustenance has a direct link with the economic stability of the country .
The author states that many contemporary scholars have tried to explain how international affairs are conducted and what foreign policies should be concerned with, but their views are very divergent and a policy maker has to decide the guiding theory or view. Three main competing paradigms: realism, liberalism and constructivism have different strands.
Therefore, freedom can influence the American policies, by enabling the country to intervene in other countries where freedom of the people is in jeopardy. This often leads to US-led military action against dictatorial governments across the world, if diplomacy fails to guarantee the masses of their freedom.
Ultimately the war is Iraq is a complex situation that contains countless unforeseen ramifications. The outcome will however help redefine the relationship between realists and idealists in the United States. For the "American dream", a clear lose would be devastating and an evaluation of democracy as America sees it would be in order.
Yet there is no much consensus over how to conceptualize the European Union’s actorness. EU’s actorness or the EU’s condition or not as an international actor has been related to the existence of a ‘European Foreign Policy’ (EFP). However instead
After these attacks, the United States needed new apparatus for the gathering and cooperation of foreign intelligent and, most importantly new mechanisms for seamless collaboration between representatives of the military and civilian agencies involved in foreign defense affairs.
The author states that offering the support to the war against Iraq will facilitate a negative impression that will affect their relations. The government of France decided not to support the war against Iraq. The government of Iraq has vast barrels of oil and any state eyeing to benefit from better relations has no reason to support war.
The author concludes that democratization led to the establishment of a democratic system in many countries that lacked the facilitating factors such as high level of economic development and strong-identity based societal divisions. Unfortunately, the majority of these countries have tried to make democratization work without success
However, the past decade has reported stronger ties between these two nations owing to China’s explosive economic growth. This state of affairs has implications on Australia’s foreign policy alignments and its association with other
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