Nobody downloaded yet

The impact of intelligence on foreign policy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
It is a rationally accepted fact that no subject in the world is as complex as foreign affairs and hence to devise a foreign policy.The reason lays with the fact that in foreign policy making decisions,the policy makers have to deal not just with natural facts such as natural disasters and disease but also with social facts such as human beings…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
The impact of intelligence on foreign policy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The impact of intelligence on foreign policy"

Download file to see previous pages It is a rationally accepted fact that no subject in the world is as complex as foreign affairs and hence to devise a foreign policy. The reason lays with the fact that in foreign policy making decisions, the policy makers have to deal not just with natural facts such as natural disasters and disease but also with social facts such as human beings,
who change their minds and behave intuitively and creatively. Natural facts behave according to some well defined natural phenomenon or law and they always obey the
same course of action while human behaviors and interests are the most unpredictable. Further, social facts are embedded in different cultures. People from different cultures interpret the same facts differently. Individual human beings and diverse cultures create multiple meanings from the same set of facts. Given this enormous complexity, how does an individual make any sense at all out of international affairs? Hence intuitively even a common observer of international events can guess that a
foreign policy decisions are not only the result of multiple considerations and interests but also significantly manipulated by these considerations and interests. Substantial recent progress has been made towards understanding foreign policy making decisions. International relations theory has long refused to consider the complexity of international phenomena and it has attempted to simplify the foreign policy process in order to build an elegant causal theory.
timely analysis needed to devise their policy options, to reach critical decisions and to
implement the final policy mandates. Unless this process is well dealt with, the other
moves made by intelligence to collect and analyze information might well be wasted.
Since the role and impact of intelligence materials are very difficult to analyze,
because of both confidentiality and intangible or definitional problems hence the key
question rises how closely intelligence producers' work influences the policymakers
to maintain and achieve their objective. A simple guideline and insight was given by
Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of state. According to him the role of intelligence in
foreign policy is only to pave a way in making national policy. "Anyone concerned with
national policy must have a profound understanding interest in making sure that
intelligence guides and does not follow national policy2".
Foreign policy is considered as the result of a struggle among the decision-
makers' goals and constraints. The decision maker's capacity to further his objectives
will be dependent on the means at his disposal and the constraints he faces - such as the
relative strength of other political actors trying to influence foreign policy. If a decision-
maker is constrained by the demands of political stability, foreign policy will be more
reactive rather than proactive, in the sense that it will seek to satisfy the demands of
governance rather than state power.
The collapse of the Soviet Union and hence the end of cold war totally changed
the geopolitical environment in which the intelligence community operates. Although
nuclear forces in the former Soviet Union ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The impact of intelligence on foreign policy Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Impact of Intelligence on Foreign Policy Essay)
“The Impact of Intelligence on Foreign Policy Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The impact of intelligence on foreign policy

Foreign Policy

...Foreign Policy It is asserted in the American psyche that we all be prepared at all times for intimidation from abroad. This has always impelled Americans to put in place new measures for undeviating high-level cooperation between the civilian and military branches of the government. After the 9/11 attacks persuaded American of the astuteness of these arguments. The United States can in no way again afford to let down its guard. After these attacks, the United States needed new apparatus for the gathering and cooperation of foreign intelligent and, most importantly new mechanisms for seamless collaboration between representatives of the military and civilian agencies...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Foreign Policy

...destruction such as nuclear hardware and technology; issues relating to the promotion of commercial associations with foreign states and to protect American business interests in foreign jurisdictions; international commodity accords, and learning processes; and safeguarding of American citizens in foreign countries, including their expatriation if need be (Hoder and Suchy 69-85). United States foreign policy of playing the global hegemony in all spheres has been the subject of arguments and counterarguments both locally and in foreign quarters. As a result, the collapse of the Soviet Union has negatively impacted the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Foreign Intelligence Organization

...threat posed by Russia. The photoreconnaissance satellites have improved Russia’s operational capabilities. They enable quicker return of intelligence information. In their effort to improve their global economic, political and social matters, Russia is likely to continue to gather U.S. intelligence concerning its military capabilities and technologies, and foreign policy initiatives. Therefore, Russia remains the greatest threat to U.S intelligence with regard to its immense space-borne capability of collecting intelligence, as opposed to the other six countries. Bibliography Bazan, Elizabeth. The Foreign...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Foreign Policy

...of no confidence in the government on it foreign policy agenda. Most Americans feel that information was not forth-coming because of intelligence issue that had to be researched first before telling the public anything. It is assumed that the president has only the best intentions in mind when conducting affairs on behalf of the American people. Yet, the issue of security and why there was almost no security in place is becoming a big issue which the Romney side is pressing upon. In the upcoming last debate on Monday, October 22nd, it may turn into quite a fiasco as regards what information can actually be presented to the public (Ignatius web). Investigations of this nature actually do...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Foreign policy

...Foreign policy Introduction Foreign policy is one of the important areas that s are concerned with especially after the two world wars and the Cold War that ensued. It determines how states relate to each other and as such, policy makers need to put many things into consideration when formulating such policies. Many contemporary scholars have tried to explain how international affairs are conducted and what foreign policies should be concerned with, but their views are very divergent and a policy maker has to decide the guiding theory or view. There are three main competing paradigms: realism, liberalism and constructivism with each having different strands. This paper will explain the various contemporary views and will argue... , norms and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Foreign Policy

..."Who Are Americans to Think That Freedom is Theirs to Spread" Michael Ignatieff's article en d "Who Are Americans to Think That Freedom is Theirs to Spread" examines the American psyche and the predicament the situation in Iraq presents. This is a well-executed article that examines America's past and raises serious questions about present day America, both internally and with its foreign policy. Ultimately the war is Iraq is a complex situation that contains countless unforeseen ramifications. The outcome will however help redefine the relationship between realists and idealists in the United States. For the "American dream", a clear lose would be devastating and an evaluation of democracy as America...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

...AN ANALYSIS OF THE FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE ACT: Introduction The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act refers to the United States Federal Law first enacted in 1978. The law lays out the procedures to be followed in the process of physically and electronically surveilling individuals suspected of terrorist activities1. In addition, it also prescribes the procedures of collecting foreign intelligence information shared between agents of foreign powers and the foreign powers. The law, prior to the September 11 attacks, only applied to the United States, but this has changed hence. The September...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Foreign policy

...Foreign policy What Are the Implications of the Rise of China for Australian Foreign Policy? The relationshipbetween China and Australia has been a long-standing one, but approaches to the Asian’s rising power have been radically different over the past four decades. China and Australia have been important trading partners throughout the twentieth century, and this pattern has continued into the 2000s. However, the past decade has reported stronger ties between these two nations owing to China’s explosive economic growth. This state of affairs has implications on Australia’s foreign policy alignments and its association with other...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Public Diplomacy

...Soft Power as Culture Power Soft Power as Culture Power Nancy Snow makes a valid point in her ment that soft power is culture power as this is the case in the current global environment where there is increased use of art and culture as a measure of augmenting relation between countries. This is backed by increased use of cultural diplomacy by members of private and public sector as well as the civil society. Soft power, which entails exchange of information, ideas, values, or traditions among countries aimed at cementing relations, increasing socio-cultural cooperation and promoting national interests (Snow, 2009). This is possible through soft power offering advantages to the country including matching of ideas and culture... Power as...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

...a chance for manipulation by certain parties in order to gain unfair control as regards to the effective implementation of the Act. In the end, it is apparent of good intentions by the Act as it made to ensure protection of national security. As such, enhancement of the implementation of the Act is bound to prove crucial in the wellbeing of the United States of America4. Bibliography Baker, Thomas. "FISA the Law by Sections." FISA. (accessed September 23, 2014). Bazan, Elizabeth. "The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act." The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act 5, no. 3 (2008): 1-10. Best, Richard....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The impact of intelligence on foreign policy for FREE!

Contact Us