We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The impact of intelligence on foreign policy - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
It is a rationally accepted fact that no subject in the world is as complex as foreign affairs and hence to devise a foreign policy.The reason lays with the fact that in foreign policy making decisions,the policy makers have to deal not just with natural facts such as natural disasters and disease but also with social facts such as human beings…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
The impact of intelligence on foreign policy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
The impact of intelligence on foreign policy

Download file to see previous pages... It is a rationally accepted fact that no subject in the world is as complex as foreign affairs and hence to devise a foreign policy. The reason lays with the fact that in foreign policy making decisions, the policy makers have to deal not just with natural facts such as natural disasters and disease but also with social facts such as human beings,
who change their minds and behave intuitively and creatively. Natural facts behave according to some well defined natural phenomenon or law and they always obey the
same course of action while human behaviors and interests are the most unpredictable. Further, social facts are embedded in different cultures. People from different cultures interpret the same facts differently. Individual human beings and diverse cultures create multiple meanings from the same set of facts. Given this enormous complexity, how does an individual make any sense at all out of international affairs? Hence intuitively even a common observer of international events can guess that a
foreign policy decisions are not only the result of multiple considerations and interests but also significantly manipulated by these considerations and interests. Substantial recent progress has been made towards understanding foreign policy making decisions. International relations theory has long refused to consider the complexity of international phenomena and it has attempted to simplify the foreign policy process in order to build an elegant causal theory.
...
timely analysis needed to devise their policy options, to reach critical decisions and to

implement the final policy mandates. Unless this process is well dealt with, the other

moves made by intelligence to collect and analyze information might well be wasted.

Since the role and impact of intelligence materials are very difficult to analyze,

because of both confidentiality and intangible or definitional problems hence the key

question rises how closely intelligence producers' work influences the policymakers

to maintain and achieve their objective. A simple guideline and insight was given by

Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of state. According to him the role of intelligence in

foreign policy is only to pave a way in making national policy. "Anyone concerned with

national policy must have a profound understanding interest in making sure that

intelligence guides and does not follow national policy2".

Foreign policy is considered as the result of a struggle among the decision-

makers' goals and constraints. The decision maker's capacity to further his objectives

will be dependent on the means at his disposal and the constraints he faces - such as the

relative strength of other political actors trying to influence foreign policy. If a decision-

maker is constrained by the demands of political stability, foreign policy will be more

reactive rather than proactive, in the sense that it will seek to satisfy the demands of

governance rather than state power.

The collapse of the Soviet Union and hence the end of cold war totally changed

the geopolitical environment in which the intelligence community operates. Although

nuclear forces in the former Soviet Union ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Propaganda and Foreign Policy
Propaganda is an important tool used my many nations, including the US, in their respective foreign policies. Given that politics on an international level entails a great deal of competition amongst nations, policies have to be framed in deciding the kind of resources that a nation will compete for by adopting different political strategies.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
U.S. foreign policy
This expansion was also meant to empower its competition with the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, countries which were, at that time, considered to be more influential and more financially stable nations than the US.
24 Pages(6000 words)Essay
Describe the U.S. Foreign Policy and how it affects the citizens
This interconnection extends on an international level, and is evaluated in order to amplify the benefits of international collaboration. The U.S. Department of State’s Foreign Policy Agenda has officially stated goals that aim “To create a more secure, democratic, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community.” Another goal put forth by the United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs further aims to, “export controls, including nonproliferation of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware; measures to foster commercial intercourse with foreign nations and to safeguard American business abroad; international commodity agreements; in
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Foreign Intelligence Organization
Foreign intelligence organizations mainly focus on operations outside their countries. They mainly collect secret information about what the foreign states are capable of. The external services may include technical, civilian or military operations. Some of the external services include the CIA, the Russian GFR, Britain’s secret intelligence service (SIS), among others.1 The seven states, China, Russia, Cuba, North Korea, Pakistan, Israel, and Iran have over time been considered as threats to the national interests of the United States.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act
The FISA legislation came as the result of the Congress’s investigations into Federal surveillance activities that were conducted in the name of national security. Through the FISA, Congress sought to provide judicial and congressional oversight of foreign intelligence surveillance activities but also maintaining the secrecy and confidentiality of procedures when dealing with matters of National security.  Many amendments have been made to the Act over the years but the crux of it remains the prescription of procedures for collection of foreign intelligence information through physical (use of pen registers, trap and trace devices and physical searches and business records) or electronic
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
US Foreign Policy against Terrorism and How Did This Policy Affect US Relation with Saudi Arabia
US Foreign Policy against Terrorism and How Did This Policy Affect US Relation with Saudi Arabia Terrorism can be viewed as one of the new buzzwords in the context of American politics. The fear of this particular aspect i.e. terrorism has become so much embedded in this present day context that each news story, whether a fire or an industrial accident, encompasses a question regarding linkage with the significant concern of terrorism.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Does the media lead USA foreign policy
This hypothesis emerged with the formulation of such theories as the CNN Effect and other similar theories supporting this
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
Strategic Intelligence
It may also be defined as intelligence that is developed to assist senior agency decision-makers; executives in their decision-making, such as those related to strategy, agency priorities, resource deployment and can relate
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act
The law, prior to the September 11 attacks, only applied to the United States, but this has changed hence. The September 11 attacks prompted
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Is British Foreign Policy mainly conducted by the Prime Minister
All nations seem to have a well planned and clear rules and policies that guide that country on how it interacts with the other states. This is where foreign policy comes in place. Foreign policies help nations solve crisis, trade among other interactions. Despite
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic The impact of intelligence on foreign policy for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us