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Principles of Project Management - Essay Example

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This research will begin with the statement that any project cannot be described as an overnight phenomenon because establishing, planning and implementing actions need attention and care. It requires a complex process of organization and management to give birth to its possibility…
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Download file to see previous pages According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that in a functional organization, staffs from the main organization are the ones that fill the functional positions in a project, for example, the people handling the Finance and Accounting will come from the Finance and Accounting department of the organization. This type provides clear authority and designation but may lack on the specific needs of a project. The second organizational structure, the project based, is done for huge projects involving a large number of people in a longer period of time. Staffs are accumulated and several functional departments are created from within which promotes clear authority and clear focus. The downside is the duplication of functions among the departments for instance that the project may have a Finance department duplicating the central Finance department. Finally, the matrix based upholds expertise and maximization of competencies within an organization. Here, staffs with required expertise report on their specific department while doing tasks and reporting on one or several projects that need their skill. The major disadvantage is the indistinct authority that may occur since one person may report to several project managers. Selection of the organizational structure would depend on the capacity of the organization, the project scale and the time allotted for its completion. The model, as shown, depicts specific authority and relationship among the project team members. The Senior Responsible Owner or SRO is the main owner or chair of the project which requires an active participation and not just a figurehead role in representing the project team. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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