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Analyze formation of Canada's trade policy or environmental policies with respect to domestic political and economic forces. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages - Essay Example

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The pollution control mechanism through government regulations and legislations are critical elements for conservation and preservation of environment. Canada’s environment/ trade policies with respect to domestic political and economic forces favor command-and-control…
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Analyze formation of Canadas trade policy or environmental policies with respect to domestic political and economic forces. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages
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Extract of sample "Analyze formation of Canada's trade policy or environmental policies with respect to domestic political and economic forces. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages"

The pollution control mechanism through government regulations and legislations are critical elements for conservation and preservation of environment. Canada’s environment/ trade policies with respect to domestic political and economic forces favor command-and-control measure. It does not have detailed prohibition guidelines and vests powers on few bureaucratic setups which can be exploited by vested interests. While the government regulations and legislative processes to strengthen control against pollutant agencies are significantly influenced by political dichotomy, the economic forces necessitate efficient measures that cut across equally against all polluting agencies/industries.
The main advantage of environment regulation through command-and-control intervention is political support despite its inefficient features. It has high symbolic value for public that identifies prohibition with higher efficiency than taxing pollution discharge. It favors existing industries with political leverage and acts a barrier for new firms. Most importantly it identifies it as cost effective measures that would not pose charges directly to the public. It gives discretionary powers to the bureaucracy which is politically motivated. The exemptions from strict laws are used as tools for negotiation for political gains.
The major disadvantage of the command-and-control measure is that it promotes inequality and inefficiency in the garb of perceived costs. It is also a short term policy that deters new firms to be innovative in effluent discharge. From the economists’ perspectives, effluent charges would remove disparity and would act as discouragement for high discharge of pollutants by industries at large. Its results could only be seen on long term basis, hence, it is not favored by political forces. (words: 255)
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