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The Effects and Outcomes of Stress It Has on the Individuals and on Organisation - Term Paper Example

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In this paper, the author looks at the effects and outcomes of stress it has on the individuals and on the organization and how it can be managed best by both of them. The employers need to be aware of the signs of employee stress and the effects it has on the employees’ health…
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The Effects and Outcomes of Stress It Has on the Individuals and on Organisation
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Download file to see previous pages In our modern workplace stress is a growing concern. The employees are now facing increasing conditions like job insecurity, overwork, lack of autonomy, low job satisfaction. Workplace stress has a detrimental effect on health as well as the well-being of the employees. It also has a negative impact on the workplace profits and productivity of the organization. In this regard, both organization and individuals must take measures to alleviate such negative impacts of stress on work performance. But before that, the employees need to learn to identify the signs which indicate that they are feeling stressed out. In this regard, both organization and individuals must take measures to alleviate such negative impacts of stress on the work performed. But before that, the employees need to learn to identify the signs which indicate that they are feeling stressed out. General Stress Stress is defined as the way in how an employee feels when they have to respond to a change in demand in the workplace. Stress is a part of our life and it occurs when we faced with significant changes in our lives, whether it is positive or negative (NHS, 2013). There are some stresses which are okay, referred to as positive stress. The problem arises when the level of stress exceeds the threshold level of individuals affecting both the physical or mental behavior of the people. Different employees have different abilities to cope with stress. But there are situations which are categorized as being stressful, including financial worries, unemployment, work overload, relationships, balancing both work and family, parenting, health problems, caregiving, losses, competitiveness, exams, peer pressure and not having enough time to cope with the pressure (Bickerstaff, 2008, p. 42). Stress is how employees respond to normal stressors in the environment. There can be a number of situations for stress to occur in the workplace. There are a number of categories of Job Stressors which the employees feel at the workplace. The first Category is Factors which are unique to the job. These include situations like Work overload or under load. Again the Pace, variety and the meaningfulness of the work is another factor. Again the Autonomy is also a major stress factor. If an employee doesn’t have the freedom to make his own decisions about his job then he will feel stressed out. The physical environment of the workplace also plays an important role (NHS, 2013). Then Isolation at the workplace leaves an emotional effect on the employees who feels that he is working alone. The Second category is Role which the employees perform at the organization. This may happen in cases of Role conflict which they face. This happens when there are conflicting job demands or multiple managers or supervisors which the employee has to face. Role ambiguity may also lead to stress for the employee. It indicates the lack of clarity about the expectations, responsibilities, etc. about the job (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 2000, p. 1). Again the level of responsibility that the employee is given also affects his morale. The Third category is the Relationship of the employee with his colleagues. These include his relationships with Supervisors, Subordinates, and Peers. Since an employee has to deal with them every day, any unhealthy relationship may affect morale and leads to increased stress at the workplace. The fourth Category is Career development. In this category, any under promotion would increase the stress level. Again the job security is another important factor. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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