Emotional Intelligence matters more than IQ - Book Report/Review Example

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Book Review of Goleman’s Emotional Intelligence Name Instructor Class 13 October 2012 Emotional intelligence is not a new concept, and it can be traced to Aristotle’s (350 BC) ideas on managing emotions in The Nicomachean Ethics: “…anyone can get angry- that is easy…but to do this to the right person, to the right extent, at the right time, with the right motive, and in the right way, that is not for everyone, nor is it easy” (Book 2, Section 9)…
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Download file to see previous pages Part I investigated how emotions affect people’s every day experiences. Part II described Goleman’s dimensions of EI. Part III explained the negative effects of poor EI on personal relationships, organizational performance, and health. Goleman analyzed the variability of EI and offers suitable interventions to enhance it in Part IV, while Part V exhibited the impact of low EI on classroom violence, childhood depression, eating disorders, and different forms of substance abuse. Goleman (1995) used empirical evidence, logic, and anecdotes to argue the importance of EI in being successful and happy. To better understand the basic concepts of the book, this paper reviews organizational behavior theories and concepts, beginning with how EI affects personal relationships. Goleman (1995) argued that gender norms impact how men and women express themselves. He mentions the work of Harvard’s Carol Gilligan, who expressed the gender gap when it comes to social connections: “…boys take pride in a lone, tough-minded independence and autonomy, while girls see themselves as part of a web of connectedness” (Goleman, 1995, p. 2862). ...
He also provided counterarguments that avoid making generalizations: “…psychiatrist friend complained that in his marriage his wife is reluctant to discuss emotional matters between them, and he is the one who is left to bring them up” (Goleman, 1995, pp.2892-2893). Goleman (1995) sought to present evidence and logic to back up his claims regarding the role of EI in establishing good personal relationships. Research supports his contention that EI directly affects social interactions. Mavroveli, Petrides, Sangareau and Furnham (2009) studied the validity of trait emotional intelligence in their article, “Exploring the Relationships between Trait Emotional Intelligence and Objective Socio-Emotional Outcomes in Childhood.” Their primary goal was to explore the construct validity of trait El in middle and late childhood, by examining relationships among cognitive capability, emotion perception, and social behavior. The participants were recruited through two predetermined schools, where 140 female students, with the median age of 9 years old, participated. They finished a TEIQue-CF, the standard progressive matrices (SPM), the guess who peer assessment, the social skills training (SST) test, and the assessment of children’s emotion skills (ACES). Findings showed that: EI is not connected with cognitive ability; students with high EI were better at accurately understanding facial expressions and enjoyed better peer relations; their peers rated them favorably as prosocial students. These findings support Goleman’s contention that EI is a separate construct from IQ, and that it can have significant positive effects on the quality of social relationships. The limitations of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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