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Human Resource Management - Essay Example

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Name Institution Course Instructor Date Human Resource Management Human resource is an essential department in an organisation or a business enterprise. This department is very crucial for the success of a business endeavour or an organisation. Human resource department achieves this goal through sound management of labour force…
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Download file to see previous pages Development and implementation of specific strategies in an organisation is solemnly the role of human resource department. Human resource management has to embrace a close-knit relationship with their employees for the smooth running of an organisation. This is paramount because it encourages employees to give their best to the tasks of an organisation. One of the ways to maximise workforce performance is through motivation. Motivating human resource has a direct impact to the accomplishment of organisation’s targets (Martin and Fellenz, 2010: 445). This paper will endeavour to highlight the theories that explain motivation. Theories of Motivation Motivation is a process that instigates, directs, and maintains goal-oriented behaviour. This is very important because competition in workplace increases in daily basis as well as unemployment rate. Therefore, human resource management team should find prudent ways to motivate the labour force. The workforce acts in a particular manner depending on level of motivation. Motivation is a combination of biological, emotional, cognitive, and social forces. This is the dedication to do work. The performance of workforce is the product of their skills and experience, and the level of motivation. ...
Theory of Scientific Management Frederick W. Taylor put forward this theory. Taylor holds that it is through maximal work productivity that an organisation can accomplish economic prosperity. This in turn could make employees more efficient. Taylor believes that the pay motivates the workforce. The theory analyses and synthesises the workflows thereby improving labour productivity. Taylor asserts that the human resource should not base their decision on traditional rules of thumb. They should develop precise procedures to study individuals at work. The main idea that Taylor holds is to increase workforce efficiency and decrease wastage (Handy, 1993:35). The theory argues that workers do not naturally enjoy work and work environment. In the light of this, Taylor proposes that the labour force requires close supervision and control. The theory of scientific management advocates that payment of workers be in accordance to the number of items they produce (Handy, 1993: 40). The theory calls for managers to break down production into series of small tasks. The human resource should then provide the necessary training and tools to workers to work in a particular task. The theory of scientific management reveals that this is the way to achieve efficiency in the workplace. The payment is then based on the quality of work that the workers perform. This means that the labour force will work hard to get a maximum pay. Therefore, money is the motivating factor. In turn, the organization will achieve its set goals. Maslow’s Need Theory Abraham Maslow proposed theory in the year 1943. The theory argues that each human being has specific fundamental requirements. Every human being is born with some needs. The necessities are exposed as an ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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