StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Nobody downloaded yet

Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The author of the paper tries to identify whether where the Australian governmental economist stands on the latest question of cost and benefits, whether there are tools and principles that could clarify the issue and where one takes off in making an economic analysis of the environment…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.5% of users find it useful
Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off"

Download file to see previous pages Increased concentrations of effluents in the air were found to have particularly been emitted from motor vehicle exhausts, industrial factories, and other burning or combustion activities of Australians (Bartnett et al. 2006). Practically, any engine that utilized fossil fuel is known to be emitters of these effluents in addition to other activities that require burning of materials as have been broadly argued by different concerned sectors for the minimization of its usage, as well, finding alternatives which could be biodegradable fuels.

Air is humankind’s natural source of respiratory Oxygen. Its preservation may have been openly disregarded so that the current generation has to face up to the maintenance of its life supportive feature (Goldman 1972). Unfortunately, up to this time, City dwelling is still synonymous to smog dwelling. This haze or smog is created primarily by a mixture of potentially toxic chemicals like nitrates, sulfates, and particulates, formed mostly from the automobile exhausts and industrial factory's emissions (Miller & Levine 2003). Australians are well aware of the long-standing problems poised by these air pollutants that environmental watchers groups have been organized at a state-level.

But, the private sector’s enthusiasm is not usually matched by the civil servants at the local government level because its power is limited to the implementation of the Federal government’s policies and decisions. This is despite the fact that the initial commonwealth system has already adopted the Federal system. The bureaucracy appears to delimit, after all, efforts to make lighter air pollution problems at the state level. At some other points nonetheless, the government must just be cautious with the policies and decisions so as not to create a barrier for prospective business investors, as market flexibility must be maintained, as well as market share in the economic sphere. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Term Paper, n.d.)
Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Term Paper. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1714546-environmental-economics-major-assignment
(Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Term Paper)
Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Term Paper. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1714546-environmental-economics-major-assignment.
“Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Term Paper”. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1714546-environmental-economics-major-assignment.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off

Cardiovascular disease

...?Introduction Medical science has evolved to the point where there are many diseases and illnesses that can be treated or at least can be managed through the use of different medications. Some of these diseases are genetically based and there is no control over the progression of the disease. Others are caused by external factors such as lifestyle and the environment. One of these diseases that have become a popular topic in the field of medicine and health care is cardiovascular disease, especially in American culture. According to trends and medical statistical data, every twenty five seconds, an American will suffer from a heart related medical condition and around every minute, an American will die from one (Centers for Disease, 2011...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Air Pollution

... to as the Harvard Six Cities study), researchers found a 26% difference in the mortality rate between the most and least polluted cities, of which cardiovascular disease accounted for the largest category of excess deaths. Another study that used data collected on over 500000 adults (as part ofthe American Cancer Society (ACS) Cancer Prevention II project) found that a 10 ?g/m3 increase in annual PM2.5 was associated with a 4 % increase in cardiopulmonary mortality. These studies, among others (cited in Pope, III and Dockery 709 - 742), indicate that long-term exposure to air pollution at ambient levels increases the risk of mortality. Short-term effects of air pollution exposure have also been detected. Analysis of pollutant levels...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Cardiovascular Disease

...Cardio vascular disease has been defined as "impairment of heart function due to inadequate blood flow to the heart compared to its needs, caused by obstructive changes in the coronary circulation to the heart". It is the cause of 20 to 30 percent of deaths in most industrialized countries. The WHO has drawn attention to the fact that CVD or coronary artery disease is our "modern epidemic". The disease has many manifestations - angina pectoris of effort, myocardial infarction, irregularities of the heart, cardiac failure and even sudden death. Rheumatic heart disease and cardiomyopathy are potential sources of diagnostic confusion. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) includes dysfunctional conditions of the heart, arteries, and veins that supply...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Cardiovascular Disease

... increase, while chemical changes in the blood enhance the clotting reaction to help heal wounds. In the short term, these are survival mechanisms. But over the long haul, chronic high blood pressure and elevated glucose damage blood vessels (Underwood, 2005). High blood cholesterol is also one of the major predisposing factors to cardiovascular diseases. Though, two broad types of cholesterol have been identified; Low Density lipoprotein (LDL) or 'bad cholesterol' and High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) or the 'good cholesterol'. LDL is known to clog and block arteries, resulting the vascular problems. HDL on the other hand, helps to clear partially blocked arteries. Thus, high concentration of LDL and low concentration of HDL improves the risk...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Air Pollution

... Air Pollution: A Worldview Clean air is a natural resource that is shared by all living things on Earth. Maintaining air quality is critical to the well being of humans as well as the plants and animals that inhabit the planet. The failure to maintain air quality can be seen in the large metropolitan areas such as Los Angeles and Tokyo where many residents require specialized breathing equipment to go outside during air quality alerts. Often we see the results as smog, but many times the air pollution is odorless, colorless, and is only detected by air quality monitoring machines. The earth's air is fluid and the planet's air currents carry pollution from one country around the world to settle on their unsuspecting neighbors. The high...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease

...AIR POLLUTION AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: BULLISH BUSINESS LONG-RUN TRADE-OFF Introduction One of the long-run trade-off for a bullish business isair pollution and the consequent cardiovascular disease. Primarily, air pollution resulting from increased concentrations of chemical compounds in the atmosphere (Tyrrell 1999) amplified the incidence of cardiovascular related diseases reflected by the rise in hospital admissions for adults in Australia according to the results of the study conducted in 2006 by Bartnett et al. Increased concentrations of effluents in the air were found to have particularly been emitted from motor vehicle exhausts, industrial factories, and other burning or combustion activities of Australians (Bartnett et al...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Air Pollution

...Air Pollution Chart Issue Sources Health/Environmental Effects Carbon dioxide (CO2) -Combustion of fossil fuels such as coal - Industrial processes such as metal production -High levels of CO2 cause headache, nausea -High levels of CO2 can also cause asphyxiation -Excess amount of carbon dioxide contribute to the greenhouse effect as it trap heat in the atmosphere. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) -Mainly produced from body and hair sprays, chemical found in old refrigeration and air conditioners -It breaks down ozone through a chemical reaction, therefore, depleting the ozone layer. Ground-level ozone (O3) -Produced by photochemical reactions that involve volatile organic compounds and oxides of nitrogen in presence of light -It causes eye...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

Cardiovascular Disease

...Cardiovascular Disease Introduction Cardiovascular disease can be categorized as a group of diseases in which the heart or the blood vessels are actively involved. Most of the countries are confronted with increased occurrences of cardiovascular diseases these days. Owing to such heart diseases, thousands of people are found to die each year (Andric & Vuletic, 2012). Summary of Findings of Articles According to Boivin (2012), heart diseases appear to be one of the grave issues among the African-American women in the United States (US). However, the article also asserts the fact that these heart diseases can be prevented by means of introducing certain changes in the lifestyle. Therefore, it is considered to be significant for women...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Cardiovascular disease

..., the American Heart Association recognize the difficulty of healthcare professionals to engage several patients on this program during the earlier stage of their illness so they advise to the creation of an environment that is supportive for changes in risk factors, particularly long term assistances of adherence to medical and lifestyle interventions. Nevertheless, knowing the reasons behind the existence of cardiovascular disease, its diagnosis, treatment and prevention is important in understanding the illness and its impact to first time patients and high risk patients. Since cardiovascular disease involves numerous parts of the human body that are critical to its functioning ability and does not have an absolute cure, regular medical...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Cardiovascular disease

...CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE al Affiliation) Cardiovascular disease Cardiovascular disease according to epidemiology referenceis a disease that is associated to the heart and also circulation in the blood vessels. The disease includes instances of stroke, coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease and aortic disease. Stroke is a condition that occurs when the supply of blood to some parts of the brain is cut off. The brain needs continuous supply of oxygen like the other parts of the body (Braunwald, 2007). When restriction of oxygen occurs in the vessels, the cells starts to die. Peripheral arterial disease occurs when there is a blockage in the arteries of the limb. This is usually in the legs. The symptom of the disease is pain...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off for FREE!

Contact Us