Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Economic labor - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name Instructor Date Redefining Weisure Time It is undeniable that use of smartphones has increased to unprecedented numbers in the last few years across the world. This phenomenon has been more prevalent in economic power houses such as U.S. However, a worrying trend has been the impact of use smartphone penetration on work output among U.S employees…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Economic labor
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Economic labor"

Redefining Weisure Time It is undeniable that use of smartphones has increased to unprecedented numbers in the lastfew years across the world. This phenomenon has been more prevalent in economic power houses such as U.S. However, a worrying trend has been the impact of use smartphone penetration on work output among U.S employees. Use of smartphones at the workplace has been criticized primarily because it seems to eat on the employer’s time. However, on the other hand, use of smart phones has increasingly enabled employees to interact with the outside world more conveniently and at a larger scale. This makes it possible for employees to tend to issues that would have distracted them from working for their employers. Luttenegger has argued “Weisure needs to be divided back into work and leisure as two distinct concepts, not only for the sake of the employee, but also for the employer” 260. However, in this paper, it is argued that time has never been so ripe to recognize weisure time as a core concept of production in modern business. Indeed, use of smartphones during work time has increased with time. As a matter of fact, smartphones have enabled life to be more habitable not only for employees but for everybody as well. With people becoming busier by the day, tending to family and societal issues has been significantly made easy by use of smartphones. For instance, an employee can be able to communicate with a sick child in hospital via Skype instead of seeking leave from the work place, which would otherwise have cost the employer more. Socialization has also changed from the traditional face-to-face to technology platform based socialization. Smartphones are increasingly replacing use of computers as gadgets of communication especially considering the number of mobile apps being released every day. At this age of information overload, it is difficult to tell the line between fair use of smartphones and overuse. However, people seem to be adapting to information overload with time hence reducing the worry among employers regarding the use of smartphones at the expense of the employers. Actually, it seems more plausible to posit that smartphones have become entrenched in human nature in modern times. Employers disregarding this painful truth can only be seen as “walking with blindfolds.” Luttenegger has made a strong argument that work and leisure needs to be treated as different entities in business concepts. According to his line of argument, an employee is either working or in leisure with a smartphone. His ideas are primarily based on Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Indeed according to FLSA, pay is only made for work done and not for any leisure related activity at work. Whereas FLSA seems fair to both employer and the employee, it does not take it into account that changes in society and human nature has made it difficult to separate work and “leisure” in smartphone use among employees. This is more important considering that most jobs in modern age actually require employees to have a smart phones as a tool of communication and work as well. Productive weisure time should actually be seen as a plus for the employer especially considering weisure makes it more favorable for employers to work. Requiring employees to have smartphones as a modern tool of trade and communication and requiring them not to use them for leisure at work is seemingly an exercise in futility. Labor output across the world has actually increased with time despite increased use of smartphones among employees. Although technology security issues has been raised regarding use of ICT platforms for personal use at work place, it is more realistic to focus on security issues than thinking of smartphones as leisure tools meant to deprive employers of valuable work time. Therefore, FLSA and other work related regulations should pace up with time and start considering weisure as a core element of modern business. It can be proposed that employers should be realistic and begin looking at weisure time as an acceptable part of modern society. When considering working hours, work output, and work deliverables, it is important to realistically consider that weisure time is here to stay and therefore put it into consideration. Separating the two entities as posited by Luttenegger may seem plausible when measured against FLSA. However, when changes in modern society are considered, work and leisure in regard to smartphones during work time cannot be separated. A general look at graph 2 suggests that U.S smartphone penetration has skyrocketed with time. However, graph 1 suggests that productivity of American employees has indeed increased with time. More interestingly, average overall wage has significantly remained low at all times. This can only suggest that weisure time has little if any negative effect on employee productivity. Graph 1 (Silvers 455) Graph 2 (Dediu web) Employers and employees should strike a balance as to how much weisure should be acceptable in any business environment. When employers take this as a reality and factor when structuring work and wages as well, there will be little disappointments if any. Employers should tune their organizational culture by putting into consideration weisure time. This way, it will be possible to run businesses in reality whilst at the same time ensuring that employers are not unfairly paying for hours that cannot be accounted for by the employees. Works Cited Dediu, Horace. When will the US reach smartphone saturation? 7 Oct. 2013. ASYMCO. Web. 11 November 2013. Luttenegger, Jana M. "Smartphones: Increasing Productivity, Creating Overtime Liability." Journal of Corporation Law 36.1 (2010): 259-80. Silvers, Damon A. "How a Low Wage Economy with Weak Labor Laws Brought Us the Mortgage Credit Crisis." Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law 29.2 (2008): 455. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Economic labor Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Economic labor Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Economic Labor Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Economic Labor Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Economic Labor Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document



... for conflict resolution are needed in any company, whether or not a union is in place. While managers often have an open-door policy that allows employees to come and discuss concerns and complaints, the policy has many disadvantages; such as the lack of fairness and equity. Non-union employers have made attempts at improving their open-door policy by enhancing equity and voice. Still, these non-union workers have a protected right, under federal labor law—section 7 of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)—to engage in concerted action and form a union if they are unsatisfied with the changes and processes in place with their employer.... chapter nine of the text, the importance of contract unions in the United s, and how the unions...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Economic versus Non-Economic Issues in Union Environments (Employee Labor and Relations class) Human Resource Management

INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW: The following is an analysis of a non-economic, and then an economic article from a contract agreement between the AmericanGuild of Musical Artists and the Producing Office and Iron Mountain Productions. The union in question covers a variety of performers, but also stage and production workers (see: APPENDIX-C) involved in a musical theatrical production of La Boheme, which is a major and well-known opera composed in the nineteenth century. The focus of the following will be broken down into the defining the interests represented by the AGMA guild (employees from here forward) over and against the Production Company known as Iron Mountain (employer from here forward). The strategic response to the article...
2 Pages (500 words) Research Paper

Child Labor and Economic Development

...Child Labor and Economic Development Introduction Child labor has been common to many nations particularly those that belong to the third world countries, since the last two hundred years when Factories Act of 1802 was enacted. Today, the rough estimate of child laborer is about 186 millions all over the world. The biggest share of huge child laborer came from the third world countries where poverty is rampant and access to education is difficult. Even in highly industrialized countries, there are kids being forced to work either to feed their personal needs, or help augment the family's meager financial budget or worse, they are the bread winner for some reasons. In the third world countries, most children engaged in child labor...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

Labor Migration in Face of Global Economic Crisis

...Literature review Labour Migration in Face of Global Economic Crisis - Leeds and West Yorkshire case study Introduction The available literature on the subject of labour migration against the backdrop of a global meltdown with specific reference to Leeds and West Yorkshire regions in the UK has been delineated to come to some of the far reaching strategic conclusions with a broader impact on the probable policy and decision making environment. While governments in different parts of the world have responded to these outcomes with a diverse and complex variety of solutions, none of the policy decisions has been so exclusively tailored to meet the threat of the impending economic crisis head on. Against this backdrop, it's imperative...
21 Pages (5250 words) Dissertation

Economic Sustainability, Changing Labor Market through the EU Policies

...Literature Review 1. Introduction This aspect of the research aims to present various literatures relating to the subject under study. It provides the context by looking at the relevant previous works already undertaken on similar subject. This literature review covers discussions pertaining to the policies and legislation undertaken by the European Union as a region that needs to govern its own domain, which includes expansion and legislation, requirements for membership, economic benefits that a member-state can gain, and how law changed the labor market in relation to major impacts in a rapid transition-recognized process. The knock-on-effect-changing model will likewise be utilized in this realm. Likewise, literatures...
15 Pages (3750 words) Literature review

Impact of Economic Background Conditions on Growth of Labor Unions

...How Have Economic Background Conditions Affected the Growth of Labor Unions? Introduction Since the inception of labor unions workers are aware they are meant to be protected from the extremes of employers. It is primarily for this reason that unions were popular among workers. They negotiated for workers salary, terms of service and intervened on behalf of workers on a number of issues. Labor unions were therefore relevant and useful to workers. Again, to some extent labor unions have had some relevance in the current situation. In times of recession workers tend to turn to unions for representation (Raine 1). However, the trend seems to change as fewer workers are willing to join unions. There are a number of reasons for this reluctance...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Karl Marx, Estranged Labor in Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (pdf)

...Karl Marx, “Estranged Labor” This paper aims to relate the significance of the Philosophical insights of Karl Marx to the concrete experiences of workers around the world. The writer used several news reports from the Internet to derive inspiration. The text “Estrangement of Labor” was used as major reference to derive the quotations. Keywords:Karl Marx, Workers, Union, Quote from text Application Alienation from the product of one’s labor We have to grasp the intrinsic connection between private property, greed, the Separation of labor, capital and landed property; the connection of exchange and competition, of value and the devaluation of man, of monopoly and competition, etc. – the connection between this whole...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay


Human Resource Management: Labor Unions First of College or In any lucrative business where there is a considerable number of employees, it is important for that business to have a functional Human Resource department for the purpose of regulating labor practices and instilling a work environment that is safe and healthy. The United States, through the Occupational Safety & Health Administration, almost all employed Americans are ensured a safe and healthy working environment. This was achieved with legislature passing the Occupational Safety & Health Act of 1970 and designed to help preserve the rights of both the employer and the employee. While the responsibility for providing a safe work environment falls onto the employe...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Economic Relationship Between U.S and China in Regard to Market of Labor

... id How the economics interests affects labor market which leads to different economic environment between America and China Introduction This paper emphasizes on the labor market and its affect on different economic environment. In this research paper the effects of labor market on the economy of China and America has been discussed. The influence of economic interests on the labor market has been focused in this paper. The labor market deals with the workers of the country who agrees to sell their working hours for a fixed period of time to an employer. Labors are considered as the factor which can be exploited in the market. The importance of labor market has emerged from the concept of economic scarcity that arises from maximization...
5 Pages (1250 words) Research Paper

Child Labor

The historical record of child labor statistics shows that child labor was at its peak in the USA in 1910. In 1880 there were 1,118,356 (or 16.5%) children between ten to fifteen years of age who were involved in strenuous physical work. In 1900 their number rose to 1,750, 178 (or 18.2%). In 1910 the number yet again rose to a record height of 1,990,225 or 18.4% (Fuller, 1923). Although the situation has improved a lot still even today America is not free from the evil of child labor. In a prosperous country like the USA, approximately 500,000 children work in the fields every day. These include children as young as five years old who work approximately 70 hours a week to support their families economically (Children in the Fields...
12 Pages (3000 words) Assignment

The Economic Impact of the Emergence of China and India

... and materials that are part of Toyota’s operations—the supply side of the automobile industry. The effects of this inflation do not stop in the supply side of the automobile industry which could significantly impact a firm’s cost structure. With the rising fuel prices, demand for automobiles is threatened too, as fuel is a complementary product of automobiles. At least in order to address the threat in the demand, Toyota put on the initiative to create a hybrid car which has saved its operations from this. The other economic impact of the emergence of China and India is its low-cost labor strategy that makes outsourcing to these countries attractive to automobile manufacturers. This can give a company the cost advantage it needs...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment

Economic Value Added as Tool for Improving Performances

To discover whether pure profits exist, take the revenue of the firm and deduct the costs of all factors of production other than capital. Then deduct the pure return on capital and any risk premium necessary to compensate the owners of capital for risks associated with its use. Anything that remains is pure profits.” Simply in economic terminology economic value added (EVA) is commercial profits reduced by opportunity costs (that is the pure return on riskless investment and the risk premium). Lipsey calls the EVA defined in this fashion as “pure profits, economic profits or, where there is no room for ambiguity, just profits”.

Investors in any company are interested in real profits that are profits r...
7 Pages (1750 words) Report

Gross Domestic Product and the Nations Competency in Terms of Economic Welfare

It is often used to compare the economic performance to aid as a prediction tool and to analyze the business cycles and the recessive and expansive economic performances within them. This further aid economic and fiscal policy formulation of the government and is also used to analyze the consumer behavior and the economic phenomena involved. (Heakal, R. 2008).These figures can be a benchmark to compare economies of different nations and the economic prediction process is also made possible.

A usual pattern of assessing the Gross Domestic Product is to have an initial GDP report on every quarter which is an advance report. Two corrective reports follow this before the final figures on GDP are arrived at. It usually takes...
7 Pages (1750 words) Report

A democratic political system is an essential condition for sustained economic progress. Discuss

What is now clear is that democracy is superior when it comes to countries that have a heterogeneous mix of people and cultures since it is imperative that all sections of society be carried along if the process of economic development has to succeed. In case this does not happen, the concerned country faces the risk of social unrest and the inability of the government to carry all the citizens along with the process of economic development.

If we look at some of the competing ideologies of the 20th century. Communism was the dominant ideology of many countries of the eastern bloc. The basic tenet of communism is the absence of private profit and state ownership of the factors of production. This means that all workers...
11 Pages (2750 words) Term Paper

Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 and How It Has Impacted the Financial Markets

Though there were objections from various quarters about the huge amounts of tax payer’s money being used in the bailout of huge corporates, the Act has been successful in moving the downturn towards a flat point and now has started slowly moving towards a recovery stage. The various programs under the EESA 2008 have played a significant role in the financial sector, housing mortgage, and banking institutions to save the institutions from complete disaster.

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act is a huge taxpayer bailout designed to rescue the financial sector. The amount of money to be used is around $700 billion or $2000 per American citizen (Public mark up). Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 is al...
10 Pages (2500 words) Research Paper

Economic Analysis of India

The country’s economy is fast growing with a stable political system that encourages foreign investment although with certain restrictions. The country generally has good energy, transport and communication systems which make the cost of doing business affordably.

The Republic of India found South of Asia is by far the world’s most populous democracy and ranks seventh largest in terms of geographical area (Brown, 1994). India is also the second most highly populated country in the world. The country has a rich culture with four major religions having originally emerged from it; Sikhism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism. The Indian Republic consists of seven union territories and 28 states and ranks twelfth la...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

Bernard Madoff : A Scapegoat of the Economic Crisis

Darwin was condemned and treated with contempt by the Church for proposing the theory of evolution that linked all living matter in the earth, including humans. In the case of Bertrand Russell, he was imprisoned as a conscientious objector, for expressing his opposition to British participation in the First World War. These are typical examples of people being wrongfully punished when they were guilty of no crime or fraud or misdoing. It would be highly improper to associate Bernard Madoff with the aforementioned luminaries, for he was truly guilty of carrying out the biggest financial fraud in modern history. At the same time, it would be simplistic to classify him as a victim of the contemporary judicial system. The truth, in fa...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

International Business: World Economic Forum and Davos 2010

...Introduction Globalization, one of the most hotly debated issues means global capitalism to some while others consider it to be the continuation of modernism with the forces of wealth, progress, democracy and happiness at play (Kellner, 2002). Globalization is considered to be beneficial which promotes economic prosperity, cultural diversity and technological advancement. According to the critical social theory, technology and capital work together to create a new globalized and interconnected world. While each force of globalization is important, technological revolution has impacted the business models, value creation and differentiation (Spelman, 2010). The cloud computing technologies that have made the popular social networking...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

Globalization and World Economic Forum at Davos 2010

...Globalization and World Economic Forum at Davos Forces Driving Globalization Globalization has resulted in enhanced interdependencies among thenations of unprecedented scale. This augmented interdependence has caused the dismantling of trade barriers and liberalization of markets. The forces of globalization have impacted the nations, the firms and the individuals alike with the prerequisite of liberalization of trade (Awuah, 2009). The seven forces of globalization are; Markets, Production, Culture, Labor, Technology, Environment and Liberalization. Of these factors, the globalization of markets has engaged substantial attention of the firms and the academia. Some markets are highly globalized, while some are not. The scale of market...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

Impacts of Social, Political and Economic Changes on Industrial Relations Practices and the Employment of Labor of the USA and South Korea

...Impacts of Social, Political and Economic Changes on Industrial Relations Practices and the Employment of Labor of the USA and South Korea Table of Contents Abstract 1. Introduction 2. Impact of social changes on industrial relations 3. Impact of political changes on industrial relations. 4. Impact of economic changes on industrial relations. 5. Conclusion 6. Recommendations Bibliography Abstract The role of industrial relations in the economic growth of countries internationally has been proved to be significant; however, the relevant framework can be effective only under specific political, social and economic conditions. Changes in the specific conditions can lead to differentiations in a country’s...
12 Pages (3000 words) Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Economic labor for FREE!

Contact Us