We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

International law - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
International Law Introduction The history of international law has not been so peaceful, at least for the last two decades. The period witnessed considerable variation from the norms, and the deviation came mostly from the US and its allies. The developments helped scholars and the international community understand the loopholes in international laws, and their superficiality in practice…
Download full paper
International law
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
International law

Download file to see previous pages... The most disputed and highly controversial examples are the Kosovo crisis, Afghanistan invasion, and the Iraq invasion. The Kosovo and Afghan Crisis The first incident that gave the idea of certain nations’ deviating from the international norms came during the Kosovo crisis. On the insistence of America, NATO undertook a bombing campaign against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). The action was undertaken for the claimed purpose of implementing the UN Security Council resolution but without the Security Council’s authorisation. It was claimed to be an attempt to stop human rights violations in Yugoslavia/Serbia. The unrest in Yugoslavia was the result of the Kosovars’ effort to gain independence. However, Serbia has strong emotional attachment with Kosovo as the place of the 14th century defeat by Turks. As a result, there arose reports of mass human rights violations in Kosovo as FRY president forced ethnic Albanians to leave Kosovo. Soon, there was a negotiation between FRY and Kosovo Liberation Army. However, the negotiation failed to reach a solution. As a result, the US forced the NATO to start air strike on FRY. Thus, the ‘Operation Allied Force’ by NATO started attack on FRY on 24 March, 1999. Up to this point everything seemed normal. However, the attack was begun without taking the matter to the United Nations Security Council as stipulated under Chapter VII of the UN Chapter (Charter of the United Nations). The strike continued for two and a half months. In the attack, as Charlesworth (2002) reports, 500 civilians were killed, including both Serbians and Kosovars; in addition, there were 6000 casualties. Later on, the attack ended with the agreement reached between FRY, Serbia, and NATO. Thus, the UN Interim Administrative Mission took charge of Kosovo (ibid). However, this aroused significant levels of controversy in the international sphere as there was blatant violation of the norms of the UN Security Council stipulation that any regional action only be undertaken with the permission and authorisation of the Security Council. However, this was not the only issue that arose along with the attack. Another question that came up was if it is justifiable to violate UN charter in pursuit of human rights. Also, if the violation is justified, the question arises as to what is the limit of force that can be used. Another considerable doubt casted on the sincerity of US and NATO was that if the intention of NATO was to reinstate human rights in Kosovo instantly, air strike from a height of 20,000 feet was the worst method to adopt as it naturally leads to less accuracy and more civilian deaths. In addition, the campaign could not replace President Milosevic, nor could it control the mass departure of Kosovars. Whatever the reasons of the attack may be, it helped unravel the weaknesses of international law and the institutions that are meant to impose them. One can see innumerous number of works on the Kosovo issue, and the opinions of scholars vary greatly. According to one class of thought, as cited by Charlesworth (2002), the incident calls for a principle of humanitarian intervention. This was the opinion expressed by US President Bill Clinton ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“International law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1424247-international-law
(International Law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“International Law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1424247-international-law.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
International Law
As a result there is significant uncertainty regarding whether or not a rule of customary international law is created and where a rule of customary international can be found.1 Even so, it has been argued that custom is a valid source of international law because it is derived from state agreement.
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
International Law
However, when the question is asked if international law is really “Law,” the intention is not to essentially inquire as to whether or not international law is actually natural law, for this cannot be proven even by adherents of the natural law tradition.
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
International Law
States build fortresses to defend themselves from marching legions. With the same motive of self-preservation, states also forge alliances to help them ward off potential invaders. Fast forward to the 21st century, sovereign states are no longer threatened by wars waged by an invading enemy.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
International law
.......................... 2 Overview of the sources of international law..................................................... 2 Treaties............................................................................................................... 3 International Customs.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
International law
ds the members of the community together in their adherence to recognised values and standards….Law consists of a series of rules regulating behavior, and reflecting, to some extent, the ideas, and preoccupations of the society within which it functions.”1 Since inception of
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
International law
For instance, the event of 9/11 in America which was a terrorist act which eventually led to a military and armed response by the state and its
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
International Law
The core of International business is trades as defined by the Webster’s Universal Dictionary And Thesaurus (1993) as the “deal, exchange, sell, and traffic” of goods. Goods to be the legal subject of a business transaction must first be released by its
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
International Law
??international law” has fuelled academic debate regarding its interpretation, parameters and whether it in fact hinders measures to maintain international order.1 Additionally, notwithstanding the theoretical importance of international law making in areas such as human
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
International law
istent conduct, then these states may be performing in that manner, for the reason that they owe to themselves a good judgment of legal obligation – as expressed in the Latinism, opinio juris. International law on its part can aptly be considered as a system of rules or
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
International Law
To the extent that it is a restatement of the customary law, the states that are yet to ratify the convention may still acknowledge it to be binding them. According to VCLT, a treaty is “an international agreement concluded between states
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Essay on topic International law for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us