We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Criminal law - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
1. What constitutes a crime varies across people, places and time. You are required to examine different definitions of crime and comment on the function of the criminal law in addressing crime levels in the UK.  One definition of crime defines it as “an act or omission that leads to penal sanction in accordance with the constitutionally valid procedures of that nation state” (Morrison, 16)…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Criminal law
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Criminal law

Download file to see previous pages... I believe that more than the definition of crime, citizens are more concerned on what makes an act or omission a crime. The latter keeps them out of trouble and out of the ambit of criminal justice system. Crime is relative. An act may be a crime in the UK but is legally permissible in another country. It all depends on the sovereign state’s law-making body whether or not to declare certain actions or inactions as crime. Although there are acts which are declared as crime in all jurisdictions, for instance, murder, there will never be a universal consensus as to what constitutes a crime. As a necessary consequence, there will never be a universal benchmark in measuring crime levels in each country. In the UK, I am of the opinion that our criminal laws and changes thereon does not necessarily result in changes in UK crime levels. This is because the Home Office has developed its own method of counting crimes and arriving at an annual crime statistics which is rather independent of our criminal laws. Noteworthy of this method is the “one crime per victim” and “no victim no crime” policy followed by the police force in recording crimes (“Overcoming Barriers”, 24). This policy departs from the principles of criminal law which tells us that a single act may result in one or more crimes. However, insofar as the police and its recording is concerned, when two or more crimes result from a single act, then only the most serious crime is recorded. It therefore, undermines the influence of our criminal laws in addressing crime levels in the country. More penal laws which mean more act or omission are declared as crime does not necessarily mean higher crime levels. Conversely, decriminalizing some crimes will not necessarily result in lower crime statistics in the UK. There is therefore an imperative for the official crime statistics to reflect the criminal laws enforced in the country. This will ensure that when citizens read the Home Office’s newly release crime statistics, it does reflect the true state of crime and security situation in the country. 2. Criminal offences usually require actus reus and mens rea, although some crimes are crimes of strict liability.  (i) Explain, using examples, the meaning of the term actus reus.  The term actus reus refers to the malfeasance and nonfeasance which must be proved beyond a reasonable doubt in order to convict the accused. Stated otherwise, actus reus means the overt act or the failure to act which when coupled with material circumstances and consequences produces a crime. It may also include a particular state of affairs which may come in combination with the act or omission. Actus reus is a material element of a crime. In order to incur criminal liability, an act must be voluntary. It must not be coerced or performed involuntarily as in the case of being in a state of hypnotism and automatism. However, when the accused came under the aforementioned state of involuntary movements under their own fault or will, these will not serve as exculpatory circumstance in favor of the accused. Needless to state, self-induced intoxication will never be a defense and will never bar prosecution for the crime committed while under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Actus reus as an omission must stem from a lawful duty which may be established from statute, contract or relationship. A concrete example of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Criminal law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1423848-criminal-law
(Criminal Law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1423848-criminal-law.
“Criminal Law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1423848-criminal-law.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
CRIMINAL LAW
Thus there is clear presumption in criminal law that a person would be thought of as innocent and unless a case of satisfying the courts beyond reasonable doubt of criminal liability is proved by the prosecution, the accused would be rendered innocent and the presumption of innocence would be retained.
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
Criminal justice/ criminal law
1.0 Introduction The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a product of a century-long search for an international entity that could bring perpetrators of crimes that cannot be handled by a national court to justice, for one reason or another. The ICC, however, is not merely a tribunal that tries specific crimes, but an international entity that carries with it the responsibility of promoting peacebuilding and perpetuating global governance as part of an international coterie of entities that the responsibility is attached to.
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
Criminal law
Offenses and other petty crimes are sub-classifications of misdemeanor. This paper discusses the five categories of criminal law violations prominent in the United States. Carlan, Nored, and Downey (2011) define the legal concept of felony as a crime in which the “authorized punishment is 1 year or more in a federal or state prison, or a fine” (p.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Criminal law
Crime is relative. An act may be a crime in the UK but is legally permissible in another country. It all depends on the sovereign state’s law-making body whether or not to declare certain actions or inactions as crime. Although there are acts which are declared as crime in all jurisdictions, for instance, murder, there will never be a universal consensus as to what constitutes a crime.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Criminal law
With the common law the emphasis is on the involvement of the person charged with complicity as an accomplice, whereas in modern law the cause is directed towards the principal offenders conduct that impact on the
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Criminal Law
negligence manslaughter, in situations where a person had created or made a contribution to the creation of a state of affairs which he knew, or should have known had become life-threatening to another person, a consequent duty would normally arise on him to act by taking
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Criminal Justice/ Criminal Law
Terms such as criminal evidence, burden of proof, and innocent until proven guilty and beyond any reasonable doubt are seen as part of the storyline. However, criminal law takes
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Criminal Law
The law has speeded up the rate at which criminal investigations are performed, both directly and indirectly connected with terrorism. The law has created the
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Criminal Law
In a case involving Patrick Kennedy of Louisiana, the accused was charged with molesting his step-daughter, and was given the death penalty. However, the Supreme Court overruled
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Criminal Law
The time served or handed out must be within the limits of the law present in the region. It is there to regulate or impose the social conduct of all free individuals in a society. Criminal law is more inclined on the punishment of individuals who do
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Criminal law for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us