Historical Approach of Mary Shelley - Essay Example

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1. A. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is tightly connected to the historical changes and events taken place in the 18th and 19th centuries. There are many historical, moral and philosophical approaches in this work that are still rather important for us today…
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Historical Approach of Mary Shelley
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Download file to see previous pages Many people believe that Mary Shelly's work cannot be considered from historical point of view, but these people overlook the fact that the 18th and 19th centuries are the time of intensive scientific development and industrial revolution. Furthermore, many of their attributes are reflected in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. This essay will argue that it is possible to consider Mary Shelley's Frankenstein in historical approach. In addition to that, style and subject matter of the work, as well as Mary Shelley's Frankenstein historical context will be discussed.
B. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was written in the early 19th century. The novel begins from the events took place in the Arctic Circle, when "Walton's ship becomes ice-bound, and as he contemplates his isolation and paralysis, he spots a figure traveling across the ice on a dog sledge. This is Victor Frankenstein's creature" (Frankenstein. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia). This narration reflects the mankind aspiration to the North Pole and exploration of arctic territories which repeatedly occurred in the 18th and 19th century. This beginning (as well as the end) of the novel is not casual: the Arctic Circle was one of the least explored territories of the Earth, and people didn't know the nature of this area. So, the intriguing plot development begins in the Arctic Circle as the symbol of mystery and unpredictability.
The time when the novel was written was that of rapid scie...
As well as many other young men, Victor Frankenstein was fond of natural scientific researches and decided to devote himself to the science. But he did not just scientific experiments, but he decided to transform living substance from the dead one! Victor Frankenstein's explorations were based on medieval alchemists' researches which tried to prove that resuscitation is possible and a human being can be immortal: "Curious and intelligent from a young age, he is self taught by masters of medieval alchemy, reading such authors as Albertus Magnus and Paracelsus, and shunning modern Enlightenment teachings of natural science" (Frankenstein. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia). Alchemists provided such experiments but nevertheless their dream wasn't realized. But the people's dream of resuscitation and transformation of lifeless substance was and is still survived, and this aspiration is eloquently reflected in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein: "In her classic tale, Frankenstein, Shelley weaves together the terrifying implications of a young scientist playing God and creating life, only to be haunted for the duration of his life by the monster of his own sordid creation" (Burns, 2002). In the spirit of Enlightenment, Victor Frankenstein tried to explore the human nature. He was sure that scientific reason can surpass God, and he made his supernatural experiments intending to bring scientific benefit to the mankind. The spirit of Enlightenment appealed liberty, including human liberty from God, and Frankenstein wanted to realise this idea, but he transformed this idea into the idea of artificial intelligence. It was a popular philosophical idea, and it still survives today, in our century of genetic engineering. But ...Download file to see next pagesRead more
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