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Hispanic community in the United States - Essay Example

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Today, the Hispanics have become the fastest growing ethnic community in the United States (U.S). They are the second largest minority numbering, only next to the African Americans. The term Hispanic is not an ethnic description; instead it refers to native language and to cultural background…
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Hispanic community in the United States
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Download file to see previous pages Mexican Americans The Mexican Americans comprise 64% of the Hispanic population and 14.5% of the total population in the United States. They live majorly in California, Texas, Nevada, Colorado and New Mexico (Smith, 2010). Their main language is Spanish although its use depends upon their area of origin, the length of time spent in U.S, and whether or not they were born here. However, the use of Spanish language has been constantly devalued and discouraged in U.S, especially in education centers. However, recently U.S gave recognition to Bilinguism, a system in which two or more languages could be used in the education centers and the schools. This system allows students to take instructions in English as well as their native language (Schaefer 2006, 234). However, educational discrepancy has made this community the most disadvantaged group in the U.S with an average household income that is more than 40% below the comparable average for the Non-Hispanic white (“Public Policy Institute of California,” 2002). ...
Although, the majority of Mexicans are Roman Catholic, the Protestant Evangelical Christian movement is entering the Latino population at a fast rate. The church is a part and parcel of everyday life of the Mexican families, especially during the time of illness (Smith, 2010). On the business front, the Mexican Americans has proved their strength by establishing numerous taquerias (fast food eateries), restaurants, bakeries and tortillerias, and tienditas (small grocery stores that stock Mexican and other Latino ethnic foods) across the mainland. In addition, the propagation of various Spanish-language newspapers, radio stations, and television programs that are oriented towards Spanish-speaking audiences throughout the region is a strong indicator of their social and economic impact in the U.S (Compean, n.d). Puerto Ricans The status of the Puerto Ricans is unique from other Hispanics as they have been granted U.S citizenship in 1917 when Spanish ceded Puerto Rico to the U.S. They form the second largest national origin group constituting of 9.1% of all the Hispanics in U.S and slightly less than 1% of the total population. They have mostly settled down in New York, Florida, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts. The Puerto Ricans predominantly use Castilian Spanish language although the younger generation is acquainted with English because of their long association with the U.S (“Pew Hispanic Centre” 2009, 1). According to a research in 2002, 39% of Puerto Ricans are English dominant, 40% are bilingual and 21% of them dominantly speak English (as cited in Schaefer 2006, 241). However, the pattern of migration and return migration has led to severe consequences – ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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