Narrative vs. Systematic Reviews in the Literature - Essay Example

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In the paper “Narrative vs. Systematic Reviews in the Literature” the author discusses the aspects of writing Narrative Reviews and Systematic Reviews. Two reviews, one each of Narrative and Systematic, are selected for comparison and contradiction…
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Narrative vs. Systematic Reviews in the Literature
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Download file to see previous pages Two reviews, one each of Narrative and Systematic, are selected for comparison and contradiction. Reviews are mostly written in these two forms for pharmaceutical research which relates to the health of the people. Many test cases on animals and human beings are done in the research to investigate and deduce the accuracy, effectiveness, and efficiency of every single medicine made before launching it into the market for commercial use. Writers are selected to do critical analyzes of various results of the researches. Most writers use a systematic approach and give their view or opinion about the subject. Many others use a narrative approach to describe their experiences and stories. These two different styles of writings are the subject matter of this review. FINDINGS A narrative review “Effects of chondroitin sulfate in the pathophysiology of the osteoarthritic joint” ( Martel & KwanTat & Pelletier 2009) [1] and a systematic review “The clinical effectiveness of glucosamine and chondroitin supplements in slowing or arresting progression of osteoarthritis of the knee”( Black & Clar & Henderson & MacEachern & McNamee & Quayyum 2009) [2] are selected as the case study in this report. To analyze critically, I have identified four themes in this section; Significance of Reviews, Writing Narrative Reviews, Writing Systematic Reviews and Comparing Narrative vs. Systematic Reviews. ...
Narrative and Systematic reviews are the biomedical literature which doctors read all around the world while taking clinical decisions. Practitioners keep themselves updated with a large number of evidence reported in the reviews. This helps them to understand the differences among studies on the same question. All doctors and practitioners incorporate research evidence into clinical decision making. Reviews are “used increasingly to inform medical decision making, plan future research agendas, and establish clinical policy.”(Ann Intern 1997) [4] Gives Panoramic View The second importance of a review is that it gives an unobstructed and wide view of an extensive area in all directions through its different types. The qualitative systematic review gives only the results of primary studies, Quantitative systematic reviews are often known as meta-analysis and use statistical methods to deduce the results of two or more studies. Narrative reviews lack explicit descriptions of systematic methods. Integrative publications, practice guidelines, economic evaluations and analysis of clinical decision are all different varieties of reviews that are written by innumerable people on one specific subject from different angles, aspects, culture and use. “Cochrane Reviews are designed to facilitate the choices that practitioners, consumers, policy-makers and others face in health care. No other organization matches the volume, scope, and range of healthcare topics addressed by Cochrane Reviews.”(Cochrane 2011) [5] Brings Together Different Thoughts The third importance of a review is that it brings together one unanimous and common conclusion for the benefits of the people. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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