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Compare/Contrast Born to be Good and Biology of Belief - Essay Example

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Author`s Name School Name Title Nature V Nurture is an ongoing debate for ages now, and it takes different perspectives while it comes up during a discussion. This paper aims at distinguishing between the works of two authors i.e. Dacher Keltner and Dr. Bruce Lipton, both being highly experienced in the fields of psychology…
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Compare/Contrast Born to be Good and Biology of Belief
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Download file to see previous pages He was interested in studying emotions and how these emotions contributed in our lives socially. He was also influenced by Paul Ekman, who was his teacher, also a pioneer in the field of behavioral psychology. In 1970, Ekman worked on the facial expressions of various individuals to encode the hidden messages behind these emotional signals. Thus, Keltner sought inspiration on his and contributed greatly towards the study of innate positive emotions. On the other hand, Dr. Bruce Lipton, also a well renowned professor, taught Cell Biology at the University of Wisconsin`s School of Medicine. Also, he had conducted his research during his stay at Stanford as a student. After having exposed to the area of genetics as well as cell biology, he managed to reveal many myths associated with individuals, genes and human behavior. The main difference between the two lies in the basic nature V nurture debate, where Keltner places his assumptions regarding positive emotions in the context of innate psychological makeup which an individual naturally possess. In contrast, Lipton is of the view that human genetic have a limited role to play in the conditioning of the individual, as the for the most part the environmental factors are responsible for the development of behavioral patterns. In order to contrast the two works, it is first important to study the works in detail. Studying the work of Keltner in his book, Born to be Good, one is able to drawn clear patterns about his views regarding human emotions. The basic idea which he tried to propagate through the book relates to the positive emotions possessed by the humans. He is of the view that all humans, good or bad, have an innate ability to avoid the “nasty, brutish and short”, and instead all human tend to naturally lead a happy and a helpful life (Keltner pp 17) This implies that though some humans are found to possess the evil traits as well, but still they are naturally born to do the opposite, i.e. to live a contented life aim at keeping everyone around us happy. His main argument lies in the proposition that, if so many people are of the view that humans are evil by nature then what is it that compels them to portray positive emotions like gratification, awe, compassion and the like? (Keltner pp11) He is also a believer in the assumption that true happiness is achieved by social connections which are in turn a product of positive human emotions towards each other. Keltner applies his scientific knowledge and expertise in the field, and tries to explore all aspects of positive human emotions. As mentioned above, Keltner (pp 231) applies scientific data to the emotional behaviors and puts in all his efforts and expertise to explore the reasons behind the positive human emotions which they exhibit. He tries to identify the sole factors driving these positive human emotions and compassion towards each other to make logically sound conclusions. He also talks about the evils prevailing in the world, as these are also the inevitable aspects of human behavior; however he tends to rather base his arguments on the positive human behavior driving various explanations for the cause. He talks about the altruistic activities stimulated by the individuals, which is more refined in a few people. This book is thus an effort to find the find the factors behind these altruistic motives of the individuals, also to explore why some people are more altruistic than ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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