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Linguistics - Coursework Example

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Linguistics Exercise (Name) (University) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Question 1 Exercise 6.1 Mean Length Utterance of the child = total number of morphemes/total number of utterances = 41/28 = 1.4643 According to Brown, the child is in stage 1 of his language development…
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Download file to see previous pages Their interactional strategy can be described as one that goes down to the level of the child in establishing a communicative function. It is a form of child language. It is useful in child language acquisition as it enables the child to produce from what the linguistic input he is getting from the environment. Question 3 Data for child language acquisition has been collected using various methods that include parental diaries, observational studies, and experimental studies. In parental diaries, parents in studying their children’s speech write descriptions of the development of their language/speech in their diaries. Leopold made notes about his daughter Hildegarde’s language development, beginning week eight of her life up to when she was two years. From the notes, he came up with theories and hypothetical descriptions on her language development. Under observational studies, audio recording and transcription of children speech was used to gain an understanding on how they could understand and generate English sentences. One such researcher who got involved in this was Roger Brown. His study focused on three children in studying their language development in terms of grammar and morphology. Children are audio/video taped while interacting on specific contexts at certain time periods then the recording is analyzed. Grammatical formulations are then studied to see how they develop over time and noting language patterns, for example, tense. Thirdly, experimental studies make use of research questions and data collection methods such as high amplitude sucking paradigm. Data in experimental studies are collected through carefully designed techniques and has a great number of participants from each of whom data are collected. This makes the data highly representative of the study population. Of these three, I found experimental studies to be the most interesting. The high amplitude sucking paradigm shows how an infant’s sucking rate is measured and noticed to increase when they perceive different but almost similar sounding words. When presented with novel stimuli, their sucking rate increases. This shows how children can differentiate two words from each other. Question 4 Overgeneralization is a process in early acquisition phases in which children tend to apply grammatical rules to nouns and verbs that are considered irregular. In regular nouns and verbs there are the affixes that are attached to mark plural and tense. However, a child may tend to use these affixes on irregular nouns and verbs in trying to bring out their intended meanings, forming a new word that is not acceptable in English. Such include the addition of past tense suffix {-ed} to irregular verbs such as cut, put, to form ‘cutted’ and ‘putted’ respectively; or the plural marker {-s} to nouns such as sheep and wool to form ‘sheeps’ and ‘wools’ respectively. Overgeneralization also occurs when children acquire related lexical items selectively. Here, they use certain words to refer to elements that are not the referent of the words that they have used. For example, the child may use the word dog to refer to any animal that walks or moves around on four limbs, such as a goat, and a sheep. Under-generalization, though difficult to observe in a child, is where a child uses a certain term to refer to a certain object or item which has specific attributes that are known to the child. Such attributes that may make the child to under-generalize include size, shape ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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