StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Premium+

Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This is the "Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation" essay. The major objectives which are part of the criminal justice system amp are mainly rehabilitation and punishment; however, society sets high expectations for the system, which makes it hard to live those expectations. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.6% of users find it useful

Extract of sample "Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation"

Download file to see previous pages The process of rehabilitation of criminals mainly focuses on the reformation aspect of the characters of the inmates to not recommit the offenses which take place inside the prison when serving time or when released from jail. In the prisons, the inmates have the opportunity of reforming their character through participation in programs, including anger management, drug abuse, and other programs that focus on building one’s character and receiving education. Upon release from lock-up, there is the continuation of the help to the offenders through the probation services and other monitoring programs that eases the offender’s transition into the general society. The process of rehabilitation amp in jails fails in successful transitioning as expected because of the overcrowding impact that affects the main focus of rehabilitation amp programs for the offenders. Overcrowded classes end up discouraging the offenders from attending the education forums and sessions. Still, it also enhances the opportunity for the offenders to participate in violent acts to other offenders while in jail. The life of the instructors also comes under threat, thus calling for the discontinuation of the classes offered. Another shortcoming for a successful rehabilitation amp program in jail is the life long sentences handed over to offenders, marked with a lack of education and constant psychological problems suffered by the offenders while undergoing the sentences. The ideology of jails as non-rehabilitation amp centers but punishment centers for criminals, and protect the public from offering support for society in certain aspects. Despite some of the offenders having undergone the rehabilitation amp programs in lock-up and transformed their characters, transitioning to society is hard due to the acceptance of the offenders back into society after serving time. Even though there are some programs that ease the transitioning of the offenders into society, while allowing the offenders to continue with the rehabilitation program, many offenders opt out of the programs due to the attitude of society towards them. Depending on the nature of the prison system, the refusal of the offenders to proceed with the rehabilitation amp programs after release might cause the reentering of the offenders back into the prison system. As part of the commitment and requirements of the rehabilitation amp system, it is a necessity for the offender to find employment on their own. The sad side to this case is that most employers do not hire convicted felons into their workforce; this leaves most of the offenders jobless and homeless, thus increasing the chances of reoffending, which results in high recidivism rates in the prison system. According to New York sociologist Robert Martinson, together with partners, Dr. Doug and Ms. Judith made a review article of the evaluations followed with the publishing of an article. Through the article, provoked different schools of thought while raising some concerns and solutions for the entire process. The article was part of a journal published that aimed at answering questions and answers with regards to prison reform. Through the article, Martinson makes a statement that the reform is not working while suggesting the available education programs were of no use to the offenders in prison. Furthermore, he revealed that there were loopholes with the rehabilitation process; thus, most of the offenders would not end up reformed as expected. Apart from stating the failing nature of the rehabilitation process, the article further opens a debate of what works for the system. Through his years of experience, Martinson dedicated all his works towards the rate of recidivism in prison and refuting the belief that the reformation process works for the offenders. The impact of the article spread fast until reaching the US Supreme Court, which following with the upholding of federal sentencing guidelines with regards to the rehabilitation for the sentencing phase available at the Mistretta v. The resultant impact of the article by Martinson caused a lot of debate in terms of the research, which formed part of the metaanalysis of the reformation. The meta-analysis shows the test for the efficacy of the different programs for cases of correctional treatment. The metaanalysis forms part of a code that roots deep with the research. In this case, the research might make use of different factors such as crime, age, education, and punishment among a list of other factors used. There has been a blatant misuse without the use of accurate information, which is a subject of the meta-analysis by other scholars. There still exist contradictions with the meta-analysis while helps in the addition of a correctional facility that works and ones that do not work. There is also evidence by the article by Kovandzic, which shows that the death penalty does not prevent murder. There is also a research article that shows there is a small degree of deterrence that has an impact on a short period; however, there is a decline of the deterrence. This casts doubt on the efficacy of the death penalty and its impact on reducing recidivism. Research has shown the bible based reformation programs have a far more success rate in comparison to the death penalty. There was the banning of the bible based sessions after the revealing of the breach of the sessions in line with the Establishment Law of the United States. The law states that there should be no interference or discrimination of religion and religious beliefs. There was the enactment of the InterChange program with the Prison Fellowship offers around the clock treatment. There was the recruitment of offenders to the InterChange program, which included the signing of an agreement clause. The offenders also gained access to the four-phase programs, which were part of the InterChange program. With the first phase, it formed part of the education, drug abuse, and bible-based programs. The second phase was where the inmates learned the transitioning process from prison to society. The third and fourth phases were all about work-release programs with the introduction to society. Upon graduating to the fifth phase, the offenders took religion and practice studied throughout the year. There was a deep study of the striking laws with the design to ensure that offenders do not re-offend through imposing strict sentences for offenders with previous convictions. There was research between a two year period that tested the three striking laws. Through the findings of the research, the works made two results open. The related three striking laws were strongly connected with the action of the states in implementing the three-strike laws with the states which did not experience any reduction in the crime statistics. With the fight against crime based on the findings from the research, reforming provides an effective measure of punishment for the inmates. Even though Martinson’s research and part of the meta-analysis were essential in brewing the debate over the efficacy of reformation programs, it does not point out to solutions in aiding the problem. In comparison to the three striking laws, some of the InterChange and Prison Ministries provide a much more feasible and effective means of supporting the rehabilitation process for the inmates. Despite the earlier works that state for the removal of the bible programs, which were in breach of the rules regarding religion, they were later reinstated after showing its importance in building the character of the inmates, thus building the purpose of rehabilitation. This shows some positive light in which jails are taking to the reformation process; however, recent research has shown that the bible programs do not lead to the reduced cases of recidivism. When it comes to the death penalty, it shows the same level of deterrence about other rehabilitation programs. When writing Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment versus Rehabilitation Essay, it all boils down to the fact that if an offender is willing to commit a crime, then the offender is willing to commit a crime. This forms the essence of the entire reforming process that states whether the offender becomes willing to not commit the crime due to the cognizance of the effect of the crime in the society. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation Essay, n.d.)
Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation Essay. https://studentshare.org/law/2089187-comparing-the-effectiveness-of-punishment-versus-rehabilitation-premium-essay
(Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation Essay)
Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation Essay. https://studentshare.org/law/2089187-comparing-the-effectiveness-of-punishment-versus-rehabilitation-premium-essay.
“Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation Essay”. https://studentshare.org/law/2089187-comparing-the-effectiveness-of-punishment-versus-rehabilitation-premium-essay.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation

A Consideration of Prison Ethics: Punishment vs. Rehabilitation

...? A Consideration of Prison Ethics: Punishment vs. Rehabilitation The swing in Corrections ideology often moves between the idea of punishment (where one or society has been wronged against and should be able to get some form of retribution for his/their troubles) and rehabilitation – where an individual is not evil or wrong, but has acted in a manner that was the result of a string of consequences that were out of his control and therefore simply needs to be shown how to act as a decent human being. Although this is an extremely simplistic way of looking at the problem of punishment the fact is that over the centuries no-one has found an effective balance between the two ideals and that could be one of the reasons for our ever growing...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Rehabilitation

...?The rehabilitation institute of Chicago was founded back in the 20th century and has been in service to fering care to people with disability. It was founded by Dr Paul Magnuson in a renovated warehouse, where it began humbly with orthopedic services catering for victims of the Second World War as he had witnessed the occurrences and tragedies from the same war. The rehabilitation institute then came under the leadership of Dr Henry Bate who advanced the medical mission of the institute concerning creating RIC's Flagship Hospital and creating a research institute, as well as providing education and advocacy for people suffering from disabilities (Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, n.d. b). The organization has enjoyed the support...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Rehabilitation

... over the physical aspects of their conditions. On the other hand, even with some effective drugs and treatments, the literature also suggests that treatment success rates remain inconsistent and varying, again taking us back to discussions on just how much effect the individual will power of the patients have in the success or failure of rehabilitation programs. The statistics bear this out. For instance, in rehabilitation programs for alcoholics, under Alcoholics Anonymous protocols, about 70 percent of those seeking treatment quit treatment programs in the first year. The prognosis is that some people fail at rehabilitation because they too easily throw in the towel and quit. Moreover, because the habits are deeply ingrained...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Rehabilitation

As instances of such failure are gradually becoming more conspicuous with the progress of time, opinions against rehabilitating criminals are coming up. The main point of argument may be stated as follows - if rehabilitation could have really been effective then there would not have been increase in the rate of crime across the nation. Such argument definitely has a strong foundation. A 2007 Reuters report specifies, since 2000 onwards, total number of prisoners in the United States has reached to the optimum level. The report announces, “The United States, which has the most prisoners of any country in the world, last year, recorded the largest increase in the number of people in prisons and jails since 2000 …. It said the nation...
6 Pages(1500 words)Thesis

Comparing Unethical versus Ethical

... Other Essay Comparing Unethical versus Ethical Work Part The argument by leaders of AIG was raised due to a feeling of being obligated to fulfill the commitments set by the contract with the executives, which required them to pay bonuses. In this case, failing to pay their bonuses by citing reasons of being bailed out by the U.S government would be a breach of the agreement; thus, it is unethical. Moreover, the leaders can be considered ethical for taking the responsibility to these executives. On the other hand, the leaders are ethical by the fact that they are not deceptive, and they did not depict an attribute of arrogance and self-serving. The leaders were ethical by showing courage and standing for what was right and by deciding...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Rehabilitation

...Section A: Background I am a 36 year old man in the advanced stages of Huntingtons Disease.  I am living with my wife and two teenage sons in Emeraldin Central Queensland.  My home is a two-storey structure with three bedrooms, a living room, and a kitchen.  There are bathrooms on both floor levels, including the master bedroom.  The challenges I am facing in my current home include the awkward navigation of steps and impaired general mobility through the house.  Uncoordinated movements and unsteady gait are also some of the symptoms affecting my mobility.  Section B: Disability Awareness The disease can have various effects.  I note that during the earlier stages of my disease that I had mild and uncontrollable muscular movements...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Comparing Leasing Versus Purchasing

... Lease versus Purchase There are various options available when a person needs to obtain an asset and two of the most common ones include outright purchase and leasing. With that being said, there are multiple factors which must be taken into consideration when deciding if the required asset should be leased or purchased. Availability of money is the first and foremost factor that we need to consider when making such a decision. If for instance a Company needs to buy machinery and it does not have enough capital and neither is it willing to take a loan, then in such a scenario it would be essential if the company goes for a lease since it requires much less payment to be made up front, with the remainder being paid later. Secondly, lease...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Treatment versus Punishment - That is the Question

... expensive and often less effective as compared to the less harsh alternatives, for instance, offering the young offenders rehabilitative services in community settings. Conclusion Most states use punishment to address juvenile delinquency. Proponents of punishment argue that treatment will not make the minor offenders responsive enough not to engage in crime. The best way to keep crime down is to intervene early and sternly. This is attained through treatment interventions. Treatment is an intervention program that focuses on the holistic and general aspects of the child’s life other than targeting the crime itself, in addition to being cost effective. Currently, a significant amount of money in crime prevention goes towards incarceration...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Effectiveness of Falls Prevention and Rehabilitation Strategies

That falls are caused by a variety of factors is difficult to deny. “Falls are a complex interaction between intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors. Over 400 risk factors for falling have been reported” (CSP 2001).  More often than not, the risks of falls in older patients are the result of the complex factors and reasons: rarely or never can one single reason be responsible for the risks of falls in older people. Sometimes, researchers classify falls as “accidental, unanticipated physiologic, and anticipated physiologic” (Morse, 2002). Accidental falls are those that happen when people fall unintentionally and unexpectedly; these are the falls that occur as a result of the slip, trips, or even the fa...

16 Pages(4000 words)Case Study

Comparing Products: Xbox Versus Playstation

...XBox versus Playstation In the current world, people are finding an increased need to be entertained and relaxed. This has called for people and companies to come up with games that shall serve the relaxation that most people are yearning for. The X-box and Play station are examples of these games that have become very common and mostly used in the world today. The availability of these games in the market have provided people with the opportunity to make a choice between the two depending on an individual’s tastes and preferences. Naturally, people shall have different opinions as to which one of the two is better that the other and why (Plunkett, 2009). This paper shall compare XBox and Playstation and attempt to make out...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Versus Rehabilitation for FREE!

Contact Us