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Various Treatment of Young People in the Criminal Justice System - Coursework Example

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This work "Various Treatment of Young People in the Criminal Justice System" describes the ways in which the treatment of young offenders is differentiated from that of adult offenders. The author outlines the existing legal framework for young offenders in the UK, the use of a different court procedure for young offenders. It is clear that there is a need for the introduction of a new framework. …
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Various Treatment of Young People in the Criminal Justice System
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Download file to see previous pages The ways in which the treatment of young offenders is differentiated from that of adult offenders are also presented using appropriate literature; particular reference is made to the role of Young Offender Institutions (YOI). It is proved that the current criminal justice for young offenders in the UK is not effective, despite the measures taken by the government for securing the rehabilitation of these individuals. On the other hand, the full alignment of the treatment of young offenders with that of the adult offenders, as this practice is in progress in the UK, will not resolve the problems related to the rehabilitation of young offenders. The alteration of the rules of the existing criminal justice system without eliminating the Young Offender Institutions is considered as the most appropriate solution for increasing the effectiveness of the current criminal justice system for young offenders in the UK.
In Britain, as in most countries worldwide, the rules governing the detention/ imprisonment of young offenders are different from those related to adult offenders. In general young offenders, who are those aged up to 18 years, are held in specific institutions, such as ‘the Secure Children’s Homes (SCH), or the Young Offender Institutions (YOI)’ (UK Government 2014, par.1). The law including the rules governing the detention of young offenders is the’ Criminal Justice Act 2003 (sec. 226/228) or the Sentencing Act 2000’ (UK Government 2014, par.2). In any case, the age of the young offender is critical for choosing the institution in which the specific offender will be held: for example, young offenders who are under 15 years old cannot be held in YOI but they will be held rather in an SCH, as explained above (UK Government 2014).
In the UK not all young offenders are punished by the law. In fact, only young people aged between 10 and 17 years are likely to face the consequences of law when violating existing legal rules (NCB 2010). No provision exists in the UK legal system for the punishment of young offenders under 10 years old (NCB 2010). Moreover, the relevant cases are heard by the Youth Court (NCB 2010, p.4); only quite severe cases related to young offenders can be addressed to a higher court, such as the Crown Court (NCB 2010, p.4). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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