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The Most Appropriate Justification for Punishment - Coursework Example

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This coursework "The Most Appropriate Justification for Punishment" focuses on and discusses incapacitation, deterrence, education, rehabilitation and retribution as the principal punishment justifications for a response to unusual behavior or crimes in societies.  …
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The Most Appropriate Justification for Punishment
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Download file to see previous pages Conversely, at the informal level, social systems are employed and this touches on families, friends or peers. Punishments vary in the severity, depending on the extent of their consequences in the society, and may include reprimands, ostracism, sanctions, incarcerations, fines, death penalties, or deprivation of privileges (Michael, 2001, p.99). Incapacitation, deterrence, education, rehabilitation, and retribution are the principal punishment justifications (Lippman, 2009, p.82).
Deterrence, also referred to as prevention is a disciplinary procedure used to avoid offenses. Through deterrence, those who commit offenses are deterred from reoffending while those contemplating the offense are deterred from trying to commit these offenses (David, 2002, p. 11). The goal of this punishment is to scare people from committing crimes or face punishment. Authority figures, on the other hand, use rehabilitation for reform purposes. This form of punishment rehabilitates the wrongdoer and prevents them from committing the crimes again. In this case, the punishment changes the wrong doer’s attitude and makes them realize that what they do is wrong, and helps them stop it. For the sake of protecting society, lawmakers use incapacitation as a form of punishment. In this case, the society engages in several methods to remove the ability of the offender to engage in future offenses (David, 2002, p.13), which includes imprisonments, amputations or death penalties. In most criminal activities, the offender usually gains while the victim of the offense loses. For the sake of retributive justice, retribution is necessary; to create a balance between the offender and the victim and ensure the offender suffers (David, 2002, p.15). Another reason for punishment is restoration, where the offender makes right whatever they have committed.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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