Nobody downloaded yet

White Collar and Corporate Crime - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The paper focuses on white-collar and corporate crime. Corporate misconduct that involves violations of criminal statutes can be recognized in an assortment of forms. It may include illegal price-fixing, government contract fraud, bribery, illegal kickbacks, income tax evasion, money laundering…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER99% of users find it useful
White Collar and Corporate Crime
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "White Collar and Corporate Crime"

Download file to see previous pages The crime was defined only by traditional "street crimes" during the 30-year period between 1940 and 1970, and there was a minimal public concern with the issue of corporate criminal conduct. Since the early 1970s, however, "crime in the suites" has emerged as an important political, social, and economic problem. The extent and seriousness of criminal behavior by corporations, corporate officials, and employees led to the development of organized crime as a separate type of white-collar crime and, more importantly, an increased recognition of the need for criminal statutes that address corporate misconduct and more severe criminal corporate sanctions (Clinard, Marshall, and Peter Yeager. 1980, 132). Sutherland defined white-collar crime as "a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation," and used the term to refer primarily to "business managers and executives." (Edwin Sutherland, 1961, p. 19)
His studies and conclusions indicate, however, that white-collar crime meant corporate crime. Later studies divided white-collar crimes into two separate types -- occupational crimes and corporate crimes. Organized crimes were initially defined as "the offenses committed by corporate officials for their corporation and the offenses of the corporation itself" and occupational crimes were the "offenses committed by individuals for themselves in the course of their occupations and the offenses of employees against their employers." (Marshall B. Clinard and Richard Quinney, 1973, p. 188). Occupational crimes are committed by lawyers, doctors, businessmen, and politicians, for example, and may include crimes like income tax evasion, embezzlement, and check to kite. Corporate crimes are organizational crimes and can only occur in the context of the complicated relationships among executives, corporate officers, managers, and corporate agents on the one hand, and among parent corporations, corporate divisions, and subsidiaries on the other hand.
Nevertheless, a distinctive feature of organized crime is that the crime is committed primarily for the benefit of an ongoing legitimate business enterprise rather than for the individual who actually carries out the offense. Thus, organized crime is a specific type or form of white-collar crime and includes criminal conduct, intended to benefit the corporation, by corporations and by individual corporate employees, officials, or agents.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s has served to bring potentially dangerous corporate activities to the general attention of the public and has inspired the academic legal community to pay greater consideration to several very basic questions concerning the potential use of the criminal law in this area. (Fisse, B And Braithwaite, J, 1993, 134)
The criminal statistics show unequivocally that crime, as popularly conceived and officially measured, has a high incidence in the lower class and a low incidence in the upper class; less than 2 percent of the persons committed to prisons in a year belong to the upper class. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(White Collar and Corporate Crime Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words, n.d.)
White Collar and Corporate Crime Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1517104-white-collar-and-corporate-crime
(White Collar and Corporate Crime Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
White Collar and Corporate Crime Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words. https://studentshare.org/law/1517104-white-collar-and-corporate-crime.
“White Collar and Corporate Crime Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1517104-white-collar-and-corporate-crime.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF White Collar and Corporate Crime

White Collar Crime

...? White Collar Crime The essay aims to proffer pertinent issues that detail the foundations and enforcement of white collar crime. The paper would hereby contain definitions of white-collar crime, the laws that regulate them, and their impact on society. White Collar Crime Various studies have acknowledged and attributed the origin and foundation of white collar crime to Edwin H. Sutherland, a known criminologist and sociologist, who presented its theoretical relevance in his reported...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

White Collar Crime/ Corporate Crime

...?White Collar Crime/ Corporate Crime The concept of white collar crime was initially put forward by Edwin Sutherland, a renowned criminologist and sociologist, in 1939, in a speech when he was talking to the American Sociological Society, emphasizing upon the inclusion of, in the study of criminology, criminal activities performed by reputed businessmen and corporations. Since then, the term white collar crime has been introduced which has now “become an established part of the vernacular of criminology” (Schlegel & Weisburd, 1994, p.3),...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

White-Collar Crime

...White-Collar Crime This paper seeks to explain and give a deeper insight into the sociological aspects that determine the various behaviors observed in the business world. Of key interest is the various theory of deviance that fuels such ill conduct in the society. All over the globe, one thing remains clear that the society is divided majorly into two groups, that is, the haves and the have-nots. Moreover, the behavioral characteristics of these people within the society are relatively different owing to the level of interaction experienced. The type of environment in which different people are brought up defines the diverse cultural backgrounds of the societal composition....
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

White Collar Crime

...? White collar crime and Executive summary White collar crimes often relate to crimes that have to do with large finances yet no physical violence takes place. These crimes involve most of the legal principles as other crimes, but they are complex than other crimes as they involve complicated legal and factual issues. White collar crimes are less obvious due to their ability to incorporate legitimate and criminal behavior. Whether committed by corporations or individuals, white...
15 Pages(3750 words)Term Paper

White Collar Crime and Corporate Crime. To what extent are the regulatory regimes for White Collar Crime (WCC) and Corporate Crime (CC) working

...White Collar Crime and Corporate Crime To what extent are the regulatory regimes for White Collar Crime (WCC) and Corporate Crime (C C) working Dated: _________________________ Professor Name: ________________ WCC and CC has always been in comparison with other types of crime especially conventional property and violent crimes. Even in situations when corporate criminals go to prison, there is a concern for how long and in which institutions the criminals would remain in comparison with conventional...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

White Collar Crime

...the collapse of the HIH Insurance Group, considered to be one the biggest corporate failures ever in the country. The study will cover the crime/misbehavior, regulatory failure, the existing literature relevant to the area of crime and regulation, and provide a case analysis, explaining how and why the failure of regulation occurred. 2. The concept of white collar crime: According to Suthrland, “white collar crime may be defined approximately as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation” (The evolution of...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

WHITE COLLAR CRIME

...Assignment This paper would demonstrate the various definitions and forms of white collar crimes, the laws that regulate them and their impact on society as a whole. It should be pointed out that White Collar Crime could be defined as a crime committed by a noble person in a society or a member of elite group who enjoys exalted position among people from various social classes. In addition, it could also be defined as a crime committed by a business executive or an employee at higher managerial level for any personal reasons. For instance, it is also a crime that involves deception,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

White-Collar & Organized Crime

... November 18, White Collar/Organized Crime White collar crime was first defined in 1939 by Edwin Sutherland. From this definition white collar crime was described as being a “crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation (Cornell, n.d.). During this era white collar crime often was related to organized crime. Moreover, organized crime was infamous during this period for economic crimes including racketeering. In contrast organized crime would often used criminal actions including murder to enforce power over others often when a debt when unpaid. However, white collar crime has evolved since the late 1930’s. White collar crime no longer needs to be in an occupational setting... ....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

White-Collar Crime

...White-Collar Crime Give an example of and explain how white-collar crime differs from other types of crimes? Counterfeit or Forgery Counterfeit or forgery refers to the act of a person duplicating or emulating an original item’s image (mostly money) without the right to do so from the respective legal authority. Though counterfeiting is most often associated with money, it includes everything from apparel, software, accessories, medications, music and cigarettes, toys, automobile, airplane parts, to consumer and electronic goods. Counterfeit goods’ processing mostly utilizes cheap, substandard and dangerous materials,...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

"Choosing one form/type/case of white-collar or corporate crime, provide a critical analysis of: i.its nature and organisation (levels), ii.who the offenders are and why they might commit such crimes, iii.how it is (or could be) regulated

...and Promise. Rand Corporation. O’Sullivan, J 2009, Federal White Collar Crime: Cases and Materials. Thomston/West. Powell, M 2012, “In the financial industry, a less scrupulous class of lawbreaker,” New York Times, Available at http://www.nytimes.com/glogin?URI=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F2012%2F08%2F07%2Fnyregion%2Fin-the-financial-world-a-less-scrupulous-class-of-lawbreaker.html%3F_r%3D0 [7 May, 2015]. Realuyo, C 2012, “It’s all about the money: Advancing anti-money laundering efforts in the U.S. and Mexico to combat transnational organized crime,” Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. 1-32. Richards, D 1998, Transnational Criminal...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic White Collar and Corporate Crime for FREE!

Contact Us