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The UN Security Council: an analysis of its resolution effectiveness - Essay Example

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The United Nation was created on October 24, 1945 with originally 50 member countries and has grown to 185 members to date.This organization of nation’s primary aim is “To maintain international peace and security,and to that end:to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace…
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The UN Security Council: an analysis of its resolution effectiveness
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Download file to see previous pages The United Nation was created on October 24, 1945 with originally 50 member countries and has grown to 185 members to date (“United Nation Charter”, Historical Documents). This organization of nation’s primary aim is “To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law (…)” ( UN Charter, Chapter 1,Article1,1st par). Among the different councils of the UN, the Security Council is the one in charge of bringing out the primary purpose of maintaining peace and order among the different nation members and seeing to it that global order is in placed at all times. The duties and responsibilities of the council is outlined in Chapters V1 and V11 of the UN Charter. Chapter V1 deals with peaceful means of settling disputes that will endanger the state of international peace and security like diplomatic talks, negotiation, conciliation, arbitration and other means the country in question pleases (Wikipedia, “U.N. Security Council”). Resolutions of the Security Council based on Chapter V1 is not legally binding in the international court of law. Chapter V11 deal with actions related to use of force in cases of breach to peace and acts of aggression and will be resorted to if actions based on Chapter V1 failed. ...
sanctions against Iran, 1st par.).

The global policy.org added that since that time, Washington imposed additional sanctions
on Tehran and accused the Iranian government of nuclear weapon development and
funding overseas terrorism. The sanction resulted to blockage of US oil companies in
Iran and that of US foreign competitors. Reading between the lines, this is what the US
desire due to the fact that the sanction will give the US a step ahead of its foreign
competitors in manipulating Iran's oil reserve. The global policy .org further reported that
in February 2003, Iran voluntarily revealed the existence of an uranium enrichment facility
in Natanz claiming that the technology is for peaceful purposes and invited the
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to visit the site. The US however claimed that
the technology is part of the program to develop nuclear weapons which is supposed to be
only for the five permanent member countries the Security Council. The US sought to refer
the case to the Security Council as this is a case of endangering the peace and security of
the globe, the global policy.org said. Iran, in order to prevent the case to be forwarded to
Security Council signed a temporary agreement with Germany, France and Britain to
voluntarily cease development of the uranium enrichment technology in November 2004.
A clean bill of health was given to Iran by IAEA but as days passed, the agency declared
that they are not certain whether Iran really stopped its uranium enrichment technology and
so the case was finally referred to the US Security Council for possible action and preempt
the nuclear danger. The global policy.org reported that in May 2006, a resolution endorsing
the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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