The purpose of this essay is to discuss the history as well as analyze the effectiveness of controversial war on drugs. Various methods to successfully fight this global issue have also been discussed here. …
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Introduction: In the United States, drugs first came into use reportedly during the 1800s. During the time of the American Civil War, opium as well as cocaine started gaining popularity. In the post-war era, Coca was commonly used as a constituent element in several health drinks. In1906, Morphine was discovered and it was basically used for medical purposes. Doctors made use of Heroin for treating respiratory diseases, and these treatments proved to be successful in most cases. Moreover, they prescribed Morphine as a common pain reliever. The demand for Cocaine increased as the era of junk food and soft drinks was rolling by, especially so in case of Coca-Cola, which used Cocaine as one of its main ingredients. However, these drugs were being misused and the local governments started to prohibit opium dens and opium imports. Additionally, the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 required all physicians to precisely label their medicines and drugs were not considered as harmless remedies for pains and aches. In 1914, The Harrison Narcotics Act was passed, which is the first federal drug policy of the United States. The act was strictly enforced and it controlled the manufacture and trade of cocaine, marijuana, morphine and heroin. Moreover, physicians who prescribed drugs to addicts, were severely punished by being thrown in jails or paying high fines, especially in the period between 1915 and 1938. So, it can be discerned that through this federal drug policy, the government basically targeted pharmacists and physicians. Furthermore, in 1930, the Treasury Department formulated the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, which would later on shape the American view of drug policies. Various records and data show that drugs were gradually viewed as more offensive in the following years. In 1951, The Boggs Act radically increased the severity of punishment awarded against the use of marijuana. In 1956, Narcotics Control Act was passed, which proved to be one of the most strongly enforced acts during the time. In order to make the punishment system more effective, discretion of probation and suspended sentences was removed. Parole was rendered to those who were only convicted for the possession of drugs, however for those who were caught selling heroin and other drugs to minors, the only option was death penalty. A slinger criticized the judges for being easy on drug dealers and suggested longer minimum sentences. He established a penalizing drug policy with a spotlight on drug law enforcement. The Federal Bureau of Narcotics used propaganda also as a preventative measure. They brought awareness to the people through facts such as marijuana being responsible for bizarre cases of madness, sex crimes and murder. There occurred a lot of horrifying incidents as a result of drug abuse and several people suffered in its wake. During the 1940s and 1950s, people simply did not believe in these incidents and thought them to be make-believe. This resulted in the former failing to heed to the government’s caution about drugs and falling victim to drug abuse on a larger scale. However, the 1960s gave rise to a rebellious movement, which aimed at popularizing the use of drugs. The demand for drugs in America reached its peak during this period. The Johnson
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The global war on drugs is an issue that has taken the entire continent by storm. The developed countries are having a rough time as their economies are slowly brought to their knees because of this trade.
First body paragraph highlights controversial debate over the use of drugs by the government at the same time when government fights against it. Second body paragraph includes a brief view of the policies and laws proposed and implement by the government of the USA in the war against drugs. Third paragraph discusses claims and arguments of the individuals who are against illegalization of drugs. Conclusion includes an outcome of the argumentative discussion over legal and illegal use of alcohol and other drugs by the government of the US.
It analyzes how many professionals believe that incarcerating drug offenders actually reduces crime, but what they do not know is the fact that according to the time series analysis of four crime rates in the United States, this view is not supported.
One might posit that the reason for such a differential has to do with the overall level of harm differential that exists between these drugs; however, when one considers the fact that alcohol is more addictive and destructive than any illegal street drug with the exception of heroin and cocaine, the level of differential between these, from a quality of health standpoint, is negligible.
The single most important service that intelligence can provide in the wars on drugs is a definitive picture of the drug trafficking threat. Threat definition is a traditional more often than not primary mission for national and military intelligence agencies. War on drugs has a great impact on criminal justice system and law enforcement agencies. Critics admit that "war on drugs" have both positive and genitive impact on criminal justice created certain stereotypes and putting pressure on the law enforcement agencies.
“UN treaty that was enacted on 1961 limited the access of dangerous narcotic drugs” (Malinowska-Sempruch, Hoover and Alexandrova, 2003:196), which undermine the wellbeing of the society. Therefore, they employ various drug policies, which are
Drugs are shown to affect people of all ages, particularly young people in their productive years leading to grave health problems. So, as drugs affect citizens’ physical health, moral behavior, and so on and thereby lead to a number of social problems, the government have been coming up with measures to control this drug menace.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
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