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Implementing Technology in Daily Law Enforcement Operations - Term Paper Example

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The characteristic of policing in America has changed severely from the original municipal police departments they were created in the 1800s. The first federal officers “walked the beat” and learnt to build a close relationship with the people in the area…
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Implementing Technology in Daily Law Enforcement Operations
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Download file to see previous pages Preliminary in the 1970s and into the 1980s, when the major changes occurred and more and more technology was being used certain problems arose because of the distance created by the police to the public. When police were starting the force they were not integrating with the public as previous officers because technology was starting to take control and new highlighted problems were needed to be solved in partnership with the community. In today’s society in America in the 21st century, many communities throughout the United States aim to realize and employ successful integrating different features of community policing in the anticipation that it will decrease crime and make better, safer and added stable communities. Each industrial societies use the will of the police to manage crime in their society and assist the war against crime and keep public order. A defining characteristic of police is their mandate to legally use force and to deprive citizens of their liberty. In places like Washington, D.C. in America, a gunshot detection system was aimed at improving police response time to gun shots that were fired. Before this technological system was put into place gunshot crime was dealt with the normal way, with neighbors calling 911 or a discovery of a body after the shooting. Now gun crime gets reported automatically within seconds of the event. There are a number of gunshot-sensor systems on the market. Many of the sensors that have been made are to detect the sonic boom of a bullet which travels quicker than the speed of sound. Other systems use sensors that can find the part of the characteristics of the initial blast, the massive explosion that makes the bullet out of the gun barrel. A system that was recently used in Washington, D.C., called ShotSpotter, counts on the acoustics-based, GPS-equipped system that immediately and automatically finds the origin of the shot and the authorities are alerted. A series of acoustic sensors is picked up by the sound waves of the initial blast that develop going forward from the barrel in all directions. The problem in the system is acoustic triangulation. While the technical details are seen to be highly accurate the ShotSpotter system are proprietary, it seems to be easy to figure out how the system works by looking at the process of triangulation. ShotSpotter uses approximately 12 sensors that are spaced accuratly throughout each square-mile part of the city it is covering,also each sensor is able of hearing the sound of gunfire within a 2-mile (3-km) around where the shot hasgone off. Because the speed of sound is a known entity 340.29 meters per second (0.21 miles per second) at sea level, the only aspect that arises which is an issue is the time that it takes for all the sensors to hear and locate the sound of a gunshot someone could already be serverly injured or past dead. The built-in GPS system is an accurate time source, all three sensors join forces and work together to triangulate and find the location where the gun has been fired. This is an idea on how the system works, the technology part of it is ANPR this allows police forces across the globe to track, record and survey vehicles. It uses maximum power to allow recognition images to be recorded electronically. This form of technology is excellent foor stopping speeding and making people who do break the law pay ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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