The United States of America is a modern democracy that has experienced a lot of changes in the democratic front. The country has been practising democratic elections and representation of the US citizens. …
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The United States of America has long faced the challenge of electing leaders who in a free and democratic manner. The US has one of the highest numbers of elected people in office with over 500,000 people being elected into different electoral roles. As a result, a lot of elections are conducted almost every now and then in the United States. The process of electioneering and its effect relation to democracy is that it does not assist in opening up democratic space in the United States. This is because the American democratic system is dogged by challenges such as parochialism, incumbency and fragmentation of decisions. The sheer number of electoral positions in the United States means that its citizens are constantly involved in elections which are not healthy for democracy (Dye, 2011). Moreover, the elected officials in the United States stay long in office and thus this provides a challenge brought about by incumbency. Incumbency does little in reforming the ideas and policies practised in the United States of America (Herbst, 2011). Incumbency does not reflect the wishes and the changing dynamics of the US population. Incumbency helps in stifling democracy in many areas of the United States of America and this is witnessed by Senators or Governors who occupy their offices for long periods of time.
Democracy requires the proper functioning of organs of the government and this requires good decision making. ...
Democracy requires the proper functioning of organs of the government and this requires good decision making. The Senate is one of the important organs of government since it is involved in making laws. However, due to constant wrangling and taking of different positions by law makers. We have a situation whereby ideals and policies are sacrificed since every party or group in the house of Senate take different positions (Dye, 2011). This is because Incumbency might in some situations lead to lack of party identity and formation of caucuses that differ from their own party. The high rate of incumbency has dealt a great deal of damage to democracy since people find to difficult to identify with their representatives. As a result, these elected leaders will take advantage of this situation to serve self interests. The fragmentation of decisions is detrimental to the process of law making (Reynolds, 2007). Since Senate house committees run the house and the process of law making. These committees take on issues on a local basis which is outside their mandate. As a result, the Senate has been reduced to a body that serves the interests of few individuals. For example, some senators might have been influenced by certain lobby groups to pass or rejects some bills beneficial to certain individuals or companies (Sinha, 2007). However, this is not the greatest hurdle facing American democracy since the biggest problem facing Americans is representation. Leaders elected in America have participated in democratic election albeit with difficult challenges. These challenges have undermined democracy since they are fundamental in the creation of equal opportunities for everybody as democracy
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It is bordered with Canada in the north and Mexico in the south. Given such fact, one would presume a close relation between their governments. This relationship could even lead to similarities in culture and political system. Nevertheless, over the years, Canada has adopted a different type of government in contrast to that of the United States.
Introduction Power is never equally distributed in any nation. Yet there is a high need to concentrate on the issue of assigning power to whom and how. Governments have many forms, many ways to make decisions for its people. One of the systems of government is democracy1.
Besides, the troubled history of the country adds to interest in South Africa’s criminal justice system and its efficacy. This study explores the key characteristics upon which the South African legal system is based, discussing issues of substantive law, procedural law, types of crimes and the models for judicial review.
Born on June 23, 1948 in Pin Point, Georgia he spent his early life in Savanna, Georgia and was educated Holy Cross College where he majored in English as well as being active in social causes such as campaigns for civil rights and the protest against the American War in Vietnam.
This bias continues to have a damaging impact on minority communities, in political, economic and social terms. As a 2008 report by the Sentencing Project makes clear, ‘Racial disparity challenges the basic values upon which the criminal justice system rests’
It is not based on natural law or on democracy; it is a kind technocratic theory of what is criminal or not. It believes that it knows best and that citizens should follow its centralized morality. This morality is often based on warped sociological or academic data
“A political belief in which primary emphasis is placed on securing the freedom of the individual by limiting the power of the state. In its economic form, it advocates a respect for private property and free markets.”
According to the theory of
However, due to old age that has incapacity him from ruling the daily operation are under crown prince Abdullah, one of his brothers.
In year 1971, six state came together to form United Arab emirate (EAE). The states are Abu dabi, Ajaman, Al Fujayrah,
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