StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Juvenile justice system is a legal framework designed to punish, rehabilitate, and correct some of the deviant behaviors among young offenders.Criminal justice system,on the other hand,is a legal structure that punishes or rehabilitates adult offender for committing unlawful acts. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95% of users find it useful
Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems"

Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems Task: Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems Introduction Juvenile justice system is alegal framework designed to punish, rehabilitate, and correct some of the deviant behaviors among young offenders. Criminal justice system, on the other hand, is a legal structure that punishes or rehabilitates adult offender for committing unlawful acts. These two systems are similar and dissimilar in a certain capacity. Therefore, this document will point out some of the similarities and differences that exist between the two systems, juvenile justice and criminal justice systems. Dissimilarities Lawmakers have continuously contributed to the existing similarities and differences between the adult criminal justice and the juvenile justice system. One of the differences exists within the purpose of these systems. The adult criminal justice system administers punishment to the offender, while the juvenile justice system insists on rehabilitation of the offender. The constitutional rights stipulate that young people are dependent of their parents thus their behavior can be corrected. Therefore, it considers young offenders as people who can reform, as opposed to adults who face full sentence, equal to the crimes committed. Additionally, the proceedings in an adult criminal court are open to the public, while those of the juvenile court are conducted in closed sessions. Moreover, bails may be given to an offender in a criminal court but not in a juvenile court. The details of the court proceeding in an adult court must be released to the press, while those of the juvenile court remain private and confidential. All adults have a right to jury trial; however, this is not the same in the juvenile justice system since most states do not provide this right to the offender. A young offender may be charged for acts that an adult would not be charged; whereas, adults are charged for acts considered illegitimate by the law. For instance, a young person may be charged in a juvenile court for disobedience, which is a contrary to the adults. The criminal records of young offender are temporary compared to those of an adult, which are permanent (Hess, 2009). Similarities In addition to the dissimilarities, there also exist a number of similarities between these two justice systems. This has prompted a number of states to refer some of the juvenile cases to the adult courts. One of the noted Similarities occurs during the arrest. Offenders, in both cases, must be notified of the rights before being apprehended. In both systems, the offenders may be kept in custody before the judicial ruling, if considered a threat to society. Offenders, in both cases, are entitled to a legal counsel especially in the critical stage of the case. In case the offender pleads guilty to the offenses, the penalty induced on him is reduced or is negotiable in both systems. The evidence presented before the court in both cases should be proved beyond any logical doubt. Decisions made by the judge in both cases are based on social and legal facts. The juveniles and adults can appeal in case they feel that the ruling made was not fair. In both cases, the offenders can be punished by serving the community depending on the magnitude of their offence (Siegel, 2011). During the period of service, they are monitored and report to their supervisor at given times. My opinion I believe there are enough significant dissimilarity between the juvenile justice and the adult criminal justice system. The function of the criminal court is to punish, contrary to juveniles, which rehabilitates. For instance, the adult criminal court cannot provide a harsh sentence to a child for disobedience to the parents. The adult criminal court would term that as not being an offense, as it is against the legal provisions. In that case, the child will correct his or her deviant behavior and will grow with an understanding that disobedience is acceptable in the society. Despite the tremendous similarities in the two systems, it would be unethical to subject a child to the trauma of being judged in public for a minor act. Social needs for a separate juvenile system Though there are so many similarities between the two systems, there exists a need for the juvenile system to be separate from the criminal justice system. The aim of the juvenile system is to cater for the moral development of children. Juveniles are growing individuals and hence every step in correcting them should instill some relevant knowledge to them (Junger-Tas & Decker, 2006). Most offences committed by juveniles are not criminal and thus cannot be effectively handled by a criminal court. Therefore, correcting the offenses committed by a minor can only be done effectively by juvenile justice system. To establish the moral development of a child, correction of mistakes through rehabilitation has to be encouraged. This can only be achieved by ensuring that the juvenile system is separated from the adult criminal justice system. Conclusion In conclusion, it is clear that there exist some considerable similarities and differences between the juvenile and criminal justice systems. However, despite the differences being limited, I still hold my thought that the differences in the two systems are significant thus worth mentioning. Several social aspects such as the nature of juvenile offenses render juvenile justice system significant thus the need for its separate existence. References Hess, M. (2009). Juvenile Justice. United Kingdom, UK: Cengage Learning. Junger-Tas, J., & Decker, H. S. (2006). International handbook of juvenile justice. New York, NY: Springer. Siegel, J. L. (2011). Criminology. United Kingdom, UK: Cengage Learning. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1433699-criminal-and-juvenile-justice-systems
(Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/law/1433699-criminal-and-juvenile-justice-systems.
“Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1433699-criminal-and-juvenile-justice-systems.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems

Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Approaches to Questions of Justice

Cosmopolitan/Communitarian divide relates to a dispute on whether or not the state or the species stand in for the limit of human society. In Campbell’s distinguished definition, he explained justice as “like the pre-original, anarchic relation to the other, and akin to the undecidable. It represents the domain of the impossible and the unrepresentable that lies outside and beyond the limit of the possible and the representable.” (1994, p. 472)

In general, there are two contrasting positions in understanding international justice and intervention. In its universal sense, the two perspectives can be distinguished as a particularist and universalist. One perceives in a state-centric manner while the othe...
7 Pages(1750 words)Literature review

Information Systems Development Process

When a project has an obvious objective to be attained and the effort is very small, common sense and attention to what the client wants can be a suitable alternative to more complicated and formal methods. However, when the software system becomes more complex, the objectives are multiplied and start to depend on different configurations and circumstances, it becomes imperative to structure the development effort to avoid software development that does not answer the clients need, or does not have the requisite level of quality, or becomes impossible to forecast in terms of time and budget – or a combination of any of the preceding.

In situations of complexity in software development, structure methods seek to im...
13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment

Effects of Human Resource Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover

Most of these developments, not surprisingly, have come from communities of scholars focusing on their own particular countries or regions, be it the US (for example, Arthur, 1994; Delery and Doty, 1996; Huselid et al., 1997), the UK (for example, Brewster, 1999; Guest et al., 2003), elsewhere in Europe (for example, D’Arcimoles, 1997; Lahteenmaki et al., 1998; Roderiguez and Ventura, 2003). The difference in perspective on the value of people in organizations and the validity of HRM, particularly in non-Western Countries may be best understood in terms of the concept of locus of human value (Jackson et al., 2003). Jackson et al. (2003) came up with a conceptual map of international organization and human resource management...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Building Engineering Services and Analysis of Core Systems

Finally, we will conduct an in-depth analysis of the heating and insulation systems available in modern homes and propose a strategy to optimize the energy consumption and maximize customer comfort.

Building Service Engineers are usually mechanical or electrical engineers, who do not necessarily have a degree in Building Services Engineering. They start contributing to inputs before the building construction commences. Their assessment starts with researching the suitability of the building site for construction and also foreseeing the provisions to connect services to supply lines. Based on this analysis, they conduct discussions with the client, architects and structural engineers to concur on an installation design t...
13 Pages(3250 words)Report

Investigation of the Transient Behaviour of Earthing Systems Subjected to High Impulse Currents

The effect of the transient voltages and currents on the earthing systems has a great influence on the performance and evaluation of the substation equipment against lightning overvoltage. While the characteristics of the earthing system under steady-state depends on the electrode design and soil prosperities alone, the characteristics of the earthing system under impulse currents depends on the magnitude and shape of the impulse current. The experimental setup for the impulse tests on earthing systems has been designed with an impulse generator, voltage and current transducers and different types of earthing systems. The impulse tests with impulse voltages ranging from 500 V to 4 kV have been carried out and the impulse resistanc...
136 Pages(34000 words)Dissertation

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Accounting systems and Assurance

The allocation of resources is dependent on the information regarding the financial condition of the firm. Here comes the role of accounting, which provides all the required financial information to the investors through several financial reports. There There are two classifications of accounting 1) financial accounting and 2) management accounting. Financial accounting is the one which furnishes all the financial information to the investors and management accounting is used at the micro-level where the internal allocation of the funds takes place. Accounting is one of the most crucial components of any organization as it provides all those financial information that is used to make the economic and financing decision making.&nbs...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Identification of problems in the Criminal Justice System of the US

They are on trial and will be dealt with fairly. These laws ensure that no one, even if he or she has committed a crime is abused or punished cruelly.
Following the history of civilization like in china, we see the traces of systems for Criminal justice in order to provide safety for the citizens. Evolving through the years laws have been modified and changed to form the system that we know today.
 From its start, the “U.S. criminal justice system” has advocated the idea of “checks and balances”. To avoid dictatorial rule, the people who founded this system in such a way that one person was not given control or authority completely to punish the criminals. The idea of assigning a ‘jury...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Juvenile Delinquency and Education: A Comparison of Public and Private Education

Perhaps a reason for that was that child mortality rates were high. It was not considered feasible to form attachments with children. They were left up to nature and the survival of the fittest approach. However, at the end of the eighteenth century, the age of “The Enlightenment” brought about changes regarding the status of children. This new cultural awareness was a part of the humanist movements of the age. They were now considered to be the welfare and responsibility of the state. The strict disciplinarian ways were giving way to nurturing and concern. At this point, children were now considered a distinct group.

It wasn’t until the establishment of The Juvenile Justice Courts were children offici...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Various Treatment of Young People in the Criminal Justice System

The ways in which the treatment of young offenders is differentiated from that of adult offenders are also presented using appropriate literature; particular reference is made to the role of Young Offender Institutions (YOI). It is proved that the current criminal justice for young offenders in the UK is not effective, despite the measures taken by the government for securing the rehabilitation of these individuals. On the other hand, the full alignment of the treatment of young offenders with that of the adult offenders, as this practice is in progress in the UK, will not resolve the problems related to the rehabilitation of young offenders. The alteration of the rules of the existing criminal justice system without eliminating t...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems for FREE!

Contact Us