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Principles of Justice Theories - Essay Example

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The paper “Principles of Justice Theories” will look at a book that is about political philosophy and ethics that was written by John Rawls. In this book, the author tries to solve the problems of distributive justice by basing his solutions on the principles of the social contract…
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Principles of Justice Theories
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Download file to see previous pages He was against such tests and preferences that were placed on people in the society as it encouraged conflict in the society (Amartya, 2009). There was a need to have a fair choice of situation for those who had been affected by matters related to justice so that they could all feel that they were all equal before the law. It was evident that the rich had a fair hand when it came to handling justice activities and would be left to go free while the poor were frustrated even in the case where it was evident that the mistake had been committed by the rich. These are some of the aspects that pushed Rawl to fight against such behavior. Freedom of speech had been denied to the poor and they did not have a right to talk before the justice panels making them suffer for the mistakes they did not commit. It is the amount of money that had been paid by an individual that determined whether he would be set free or not. Principles of Justice Theories Rawls was a member of the social contract tradition and it is from this membership that he was able to come up with the principles of justice. He developed an artificial device for his theories known as the original position in which they were to come up with the principles from an ignorant point of view. ...
He saw that by being able to ignore these details, it would result in fairness for all. First Principle of Justice In the first principle, Liberty is the key factor for all those who were affected by the process of justice in the society. Liberty was expected to be an equal right for all and had to be compatible so that it could be extended to others. This can be attributed to the rights that an individual cannot be denied while in his own country. He should be allowed to have political liberty where he is free to vote the politician of his choice and allow them to run the office. Freedom of assembly and speech should be granted where they can meet with their colleagues and exchange ideas that will bring about development. They should be allowed to give their views about issues affecting their government without the fear of arrest or torture. Freedom to own property is another aspect of this principle. Private property should be respected by the public and individuals should be allowed to immerse as much wealth as they can, provided it is legal. Arbitrary arrest should not be encouraged among people. Before arresting one, explain to him his mistakes so that he can contact his lawyers. This enables them to prepare for the case in advance in order to avoid the unfair judgment. This is one principle that cannot be violated for the sake of the second principle. It is possible for some of the liberties to conflict hence the need to merge them in order for them to be able to obtain a clear system of their rights. The Second Principle of Justice It insists on the need for people to be provided with social and economic equalities so that they can be of advantage to the less advantaged in the society.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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