Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Death Penalty in New York State - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Running Head: New York Death Penalty Death Penalty In New York State Customer Inserts His/her Name University Name Death Penalty New York State The State of New York has had a long and tumultuous history with the death penalty. What began as a default punishment for all crimes ranging from trivial to serious has in recent years become the source of a great deal of introspection amongst the legislature, judiciary and public…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.4% of users find it useful
Death Penalty in New York State
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Death Penalty in New York State"

Download file to see previous pages George Kendall is documented as being the first man to be officially put to death in colonized America by the state in 1608. Since then over 20,000 accused criminals have been executed in America for a variety of offenses ranging from murder to property crimes. The inclination of jurists to award the death penalty almost at will in the early part of American history was partly influenced by the lack of penitentiaries and an organized prison system. Execution was seen as the primary method to protect society from subversive and anti-social elements. Capital punishment was also employed as a means to control the slave population and many disproportionate capital sentences were imposed on slaves of African descent when the same would not have applied to Caucasians. In New York attempted murder or rape were capital crimes only when committed by slaves (Acker, 2003). The colony of New York was originally under the control of the Dutch albeit without any formal legal system. The death penalty was practiced and administered in an arbitrary and reckless manner in those early days. It was often the case that when the culprit could not be identified, the accused would have to “draw lots” in order to determine who would be executed. The arrival of the British to New York saw the implementation of a penal code, where the death penalty was still a frequently awarded punishment. In 1741, 18 white colonials and 13 slaves were sentenced to death by burning at the stake. However, the new British legal system also contained a clemency clause. An individual on death row was eligible for a pardon if they agreed to leave the colony or chose to enlist in the armed forces. As a result of this provision during the 18th century 51% of individuals sentenced to death in New York were eventually pardoned (Heller, 2008). The death penalty statute continued to evolve after the formation of the United States of America and the subsequent imposition of its new legal system. In 1888, The New York State Assembly passed a statute which would see it become the first state to directly administer the death penalty. According to the statute the death penalty was mandatory for extremely grave and depraved offences. The law also called for a new method of execution, which was “death by electricity”. William Kemmler became the first man to be executed by means of electric chair, in 1890. Up until the 1930’s the State of New York was responsible for more executions than any other state. During this period state statutes were amended in order to encompass a wider array of crimes that could be punishable by death. The most significant of these was kidnapping, influenced greatly by the “Lindbergh baby’ saga which dominated headlines during this period. Due to these amendments juries were also instructed to give sentencing recommendations in trials where the convicted were eligible for capital punishment (Heller, 2008). Rise of Abolitionist Movement Throughout the colonial era and up until the mid 20th century voices that were opposed to the death penalty slowly began to grow in strength. By the 18th century many American’s had begun to question the application of the death penalty for crimes that were petty and trivial in nature. Dissenting voices could also be heard in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Death Penalty in New York State Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Death Penalty in New York State Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Death Penalty in New York State Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Death Penalty in New York State

The Controversies in the Death Penalty in the US

In 2003 Amnesty reported 1,146 executions in 28 countries, 88% of them in just 5 countries: The People’s Republic of China 726, Iran 108, the U.S. 65, Vietnam 64, and Saudi Arabia 52 (, 2006). The U.S. went on to carry out 59 executions in 2004, 60 in 2005, 53 in 2006 and 11 until March 2007 (Death Penalty Information Center, 2007). Today, the death penalty has been abolished in the vast majority of democracies in Europe and Latin America, while it is still retained in most democracies in Asia and Africa, the U.S., Guatemala, and the countries of the Caribbean (, 2006).

As on April 2, 2007, there were 38 states in the U.S. with the death penalty and 12 without. Between 1976 and 2007 there...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

The impact of Plant Disease on New Zealand

Transmission of PMTV occurs through inoculation of sap in 26 species belonging to Solanaceae or Chenopodiaceae and to Tetragonia expansa and also through grafting (A. Reavy., W. Kashiwazaki., & Barker,1995 ). In some cases, PMTV is known to be transmitted by mechanical inoculation also.

Since PMTV is vectored only through S.subterranea the infection of plants with PMTV depends on the life cycle of S.subterranea which takes about 10-14 days. The life cycle of S.subterranean takes place in 2 phases: Phase I) This is the primary stage of the life cycle initiated with the germination of resting spores known as sporangiosori or cystosori persisting in the soil as spore balls with thick cell walls into zoosporangia. These...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

The Launch of Kones New Product

Political: 90% of Kone’s sales come from international markets. This makes it very vulnerable to political stability in its global markets for example Italy is one of the markets of Kone and elevator regulations are governed in Italy by parliament. Thus, to bring MonoSpace i.e. an elevator without a machine room in compliance with standards, it would require an act by the parliament.
Economical: The performance of the elevator industry is directly proportional to the performance of the construction industry. The construction industry has a maximum potential in developing countries rather than in developed countries. The reason for this is that the developed countries have maximized their growth potential whereas the dev...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Self-Defence against Non-State Actors

Prior to 1945, there was no unified international prohibition on a unilateral resort to force and the UN Charter sought to radicalize international politics through a general prohibition on the use of unilateral force by member states. The prohibition was officially enshrined in Article 2(4) of the Charter, which provides that:
“All member states shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations”(UN Charter Article 2(4) 1945).
Despite the purported ban on the unilateral use of force, the parameters of Article 2(4)’s applicabili...
15 Pages(3750 words)Assignment

Law Studies: Disposition after the Death

One of the first things that Abelard needs to do is to make sure his wishes are expressed in his will. He may also want to name a close and trustworthy friend to be the executor of his will such that that individual may interview the children of Abelard at the time of his death in order to make a subjective judgment as to whether the children are in fact followers of the Christian faith or if they are only claiming to be. In the event that the children have deceased, then Abelard’s furniture is to go to a museum that may also be executed by Abelard’s chosen executor. In addition to naming the executor, it is critical that Abelard ensure that communication regarding his exact intentions is in detail, within the will and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Death Penalty: Does it Serve as a Deterrent to Future Crime

Animal instincts are directed towards self-preservation and it is the law of nature that a stronger and healthier individual has more chances of living than his weaker counterpart. The survival of the fittest has now been established as a ground reality according to Darwinian philosophy. If we eliminate our civilized thought process, it emerges as a stark reality that we would not desist from attacking another living person or animal when we are overcome by the basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. In times of natural disasters like earthquakes, wars and floods, and manmade disasters like war, it is not uncommon to witness ravaged populations shedding the façade of civilization and resorting to violence in order to fu...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

What Are the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Rise of the Modern State

Though the existence of the state can be felt in different walks of everyday life, yet it is an intangible whose nature is impossible to grasp. As a political institution, state embodies the concept of sovereignty. Devetak (2007) describes it as a political unit or a country that possesses sovereignty. State can thus be described as a single, unified whole confined within territorial borders. The state is built in a core geographical area with allowances to a certain extent on the boundaries. According to Strayer (1970), a state exists in the hearts and minds of the people. The collective personality of the state renders it immortal. The state is a multi-faced concept that is fuzzy around its edges. Consequently, we cannot develop...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Info-Point: Marketing of New Touch Screen Information Technology

The development of the new Info-Point technology, a stand-alone information module designed to offer the public information on tourism, local shopping, weather, and transportation, has created the opportunity to successfully market these information technologies to different UK cities. The entire marketing concept is to establish self-service information centers that offer a wide variety of regional information, utilizing an easy-to-use touch screen methodology to cater to a broad mass market of consumers. 

Touch screen interface systems are becoming more and more common in the UK and abroad. During a pilot experiment using touch screen information technology, the automotive manufacturer Lexus piloted an informatio...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

Death of a Salesmen: Tragedy or Not

The diversity of the issues that have been subtly raised in his work and the way each of them has been treated in his various works have helped the author achieve the literary acclaim that he rightly deserves. The author has succinctly shown through the protagonist of the novel, Willy Loman, that the life is not a bed of roses but fraught with tragedies that force one to realize that mortality and pain are part and parcel of life It is a sensitively written play that depicts the dual nature of the life of a common man. While the play can be treated as a tragedy in the context of modern literature, some critics have contested the same under Aristotle’s interpretation of tragedy. 

Aristotle in 330BC had defined...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Comparing the Brave New World and Todays World

Many people had been doing this search several times and came up with nothing. Out of this seeming hopelessness and uselessness came the philosophical idea of the absurd – that Man's search for individual meaning is bound to end in absolute failure. Man has studied the cosmos and tracked the movement of celestial bodies in an attempt to find any meaning that can somehow alleviate his worries about what happens next when the real world (as he perceives it) is left behind and he enters perhaps another world where no one returned. In other words, Man tried to achieve immortality but apparently failed in his search.

It has as a central idea that whatever else Man does will ultimately end up as nothing. This is the cen...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Death Penalty in New York State for FREE!

Contact Us