Nobody downloaded yet

See the assigment Criteria - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The United States and the Use of the Preemptive Strike For many years, international law acknowledged that states need not suffer a military strike before they can take measures to defend against powers that present an imminent danger of attack. However, the US maintained the option of preemptive strike to counter sufficient forces of a threat to their national security…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
See the assigment Criteria
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "See the assigment Criteria"

Download file to see previous pages Nonetheless, it has been said that the US will not take measures in all emerging threats, nor sovereigns should use “pre-emption” as pretense for aggression. Nevertheless, in the time when adversaries against peace nations actively seek the nuclear-armed capabilities, the US will not ignore while threats assemble. Finally, the purpose of the US action, as conveyed, is to eliminate a specific threat, not to promote international violence. Thus, in order to legitimize pre-emptive action against a state, promise of transparency of reasons, measured force and the establishment of just cause have been made by the state. In this context and given the history and facts surrounding Saddam Hussein’s regime in Iraq, the paper answers if the US can be justified under International Law in taking pre-emptive measures against Iraq in the year 2003. In the year 2003, the United States, supported by two of its allies, Great Britain and Australia, invaded Iraq, a Sovereign Nation, an event that raised many questions as to whether the attack was justified according to United States foreign policy and world politics (Ritcher, 2003). The reasons advanced as to why the attack took place were that Iraq was in the process of manufacturing weapons of mass destruction. The other reason was that the regime of Sadaam Hussein was a threat to world peace and the United States and that it was involved in the twin tower attack or 9/11 (Dworkin, 2002). It was also said that the said regime was working in corroboration with international terrorist groups like Al Qaeda and needed to be brought down. The United States also advanced the fact that declaring war on Iraq was a step towards fighting international terrorism. It was also alleged that declaring war on Iraq was one of the ways to enhance democracy in the Middle East. Lastly, it was said to have been done to help the people of Iraq remove a regime that was oppressing them and which supported torture and rape. The United States President contended that Iraq posed a threat, and the United States had a right under article 51 of the United Nations Charter to undertake the use of military action or force to counter the threat (Bellamy, 2003; White House, 2002). Because Iraq had not at any given time attacked the United States, the reason as advanced by former American President George Bush raised many questions as to the validity of the use of force to counter not real but anticipated attacks and threats. According to international law, it is illegal to use force between states, except for situations, which meet two main conditions (Arend, 2003). The first situation occurs when the Security Council authorizes the use of force by one state against the other, and the second condition is when a state is acting in self-defense. The action of a state in self-defense has been a subject of intense debate, since self-defense can be interpreted to include anticipated danger. Self-defense is subject to the interpretation and application of Article 51 of the United Nations (UN) Charter, which authorizes states to use force in defense against attack. In recent times, the arguments around the notion of self-defense have been centered on whether the use of military force is justified to be used preemptively (Bothe, 2003). Recently, the United States used the national Security Strategy to institute ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“See the assigment Criteria Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1397220-see-the-assigment-criteria
(See the Assigment Criteria Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/law/1397220-see-the-assigment-criteria.
“See the Assigment Criteria Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1397220-see-the-assigment-criteria.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF See the assigment Criteria

See assignment criteria

...? Law and Electronic Signatures First Last Here Law and Electronic Signatures Ever since the very beginnings of commerce, the two paramount concerns of contracting parties have always been to protect confidential information and to verify the identity of the other party. While sophisticated safes, secret hiding places and building security had always been sufficient and appropriate to safeguard physical documents, and handwritten signatures or mutual acquaintances have been a matter of course to confirm the identity of signatories of physical documents, what of electronic documents? Lando Calrissian, of Alderaan Security Solutions Ltd., claims that companies must implement the latest and most advanced technologies to protect... Law and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

See assignment criteria

...?Running Head: E-Commerce E-Commerce [Institute’s E-Commerce In recent years, there have been huge advancements in the field ofinformation and technology that has resulted in significant alterations in different administrative processes of the countries around the globe. Specifically, internet has changed the perspective and nature of traditional business practices in the form of e-commerce that has brought business activities to an unimaginable growth and status. Consequently, it has become imperative for governments to come up with effective strategies and efficient regulations to ensure growth in e-commerce. In case of Ruritania, the potential of e-commerce is unlimited and will be very beneficial; however, it brings... Head: E-Commerce...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

See Assignment Criteria

... Sharon is criminally liable for homicide for the Danni's death. Homicide is the general term given to the unlawful killing of a person which usually takes the form of either murder or manslaughter. To be convicted of either murder or manslaughter, the following common elements1 must be present: 1. the killing must be unlawful; 2. to be homicide, the victim must be a "life in being" (i.e., not a fetus); 3. for a person to be convicted of murder or manslaughter, it must be shown that the defendant's action actually caused or brought about the death of the victim and that death occurred within a year and day of his action. The three elements are present in the given problem. First, the killing of Danni was unlawful. Based... Sharon is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

See 'Assignment Criteria' below

...Mandy had been employed since May 2004, as a secretary, at the of West Mercia. For the past six months she had been suffering from a pain in her right hand, and had lost a considerable degree of mobility in her wrist and hand. A medical specialist informed her that this injury had been caused by the constant use of word processing equipment at work. Mandy's union representative advised her that she could rely upon the Health and Safety in Offices Directive, which covered injuries sustained in that kind of working environment. This Directive was passed in October 2002, requiring member states to implement it by December 2003 at the latest. The United Kingdom had not implemented this Directive by the required date but the Minister... had been...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

See assessment criteria below

...to help them move forward into the future. Eventually, through this realization the patient gains a new directive in their life and a different perception on their surrounding circumstances. In finality, there negativity about their situation decreases and they become more positive and self assured about themselves once again, which is the outcome that therapists want to see take place. However there are times when other techniques work best to draw a person away from the adversities of their problems. There is one very specific way that has been found to help patients come to terms with their own adversities and with the idea of forgiveness which is letter writing. Patients write these letters to themselves if...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Unknown . see criteria

... A critical examination of the roles of Clive, the East India Company and Hastings in the expansion of the Empire in India Index: Introduction 2 Section 1: Background Analysis & Overview 3 Section 2: Role of Clive in East India Company’s Expansion of British Empire 8 Section 3: Role of Hastings 14 Section 4: Conclusion 16 Bibliography Introduction The East India Company was originally incorporated as an English Joint Stock company with the overriding objective of initiating British trade objectives in the East Indies. The company’s evolution from trading corporation into a central vehicle for expanding the British Empire in India in particular placed the company in a unique position of being... A critical...
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay

See Assessment criteria below

...(1889-1976) was one of the main exponents of 20th century Existentialism. Hegel sees the development of Being as an infinite development cycle triggered by the intention of becoming something what it is not at present, and this perpetual chain of development is marked by a point of coincidence of being and non-being, which, when united, form a higher entity. The former entity is therefore combined, through the factors of being and non-being, in a higher synthesis of the two. The development of Being therefore consists of three stages: being is the thesis, non-being the antithesis, and the becoming is the synthesis. These stages are repeated ad infinitum so that the new Being is again tested by the non-being and achieves...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

See assignment criteria

...as they become more prone to falls and balance disturbance, their bodies’ energy cost spent in movement is also increased. It is said that the faster a person does an activity, the lesser energy is required of him or her (Herman, 2007, p. 347). At the same time, concentric muscle contractions demand greater metabolic costs (p. 349). Children and adolescents with CP are unable to do voluntary movements swiftly; their movement is slowed and labored. Furthermore, their muscles are said to be involved in excessive co-contractions, or simultaneous muscle contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles around a joint to hold a position (Levitt, 2010, p. 1). Levitt (2010) sees these as other noticeable proofs that people with...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

''See Assignment Criteria''

...and correct decision to sell off its agricultural equipment business to AGCO Inc. In order to grow, it should follow its current strategy of acquiring companies which are of strategic use to it. It would not be possible for Caterpillar to maintain the growth it had in last few years (except 2009) organically. It will have to look to acquire key resources in geographical areas or business areas where it wants to expand. As a final recommendation, Caterpillar should try to move up in the value chain all the time. Applying Haberberg and Reiple’s VIRUS criteria to check the competence of Caterpillar, we can see that the true core competence of Caterpillar is their ability to use their 80 years of...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

See Assesment Criteria

...Several infectious diseases showed an emergence in Victorian times in Great Britain. The Victorian era was characterised by vast numbers of people moving to cities to find work in factories and this lead to immense overcrowding. There was a widespread deterioration in living conditions and historical accounts have made several references to the filthiness and overcrowding which was London during this time. The infectious diseases that appeared during this time had the effect of increasing mortality rates greatly and changing the dynamics of population structure. Life expectancy decreased substantially in this period, in some areas by much as 25 years. Some of the major diseases that changed population dynamics greatly were cholera...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic See the assigment Criteria for FREE!

Contact Us