StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The writer of the current essay seeks to evaluate the issue of crime rate in New Orlean city using several theories such as Differential Association Theory and the Marxist Theory. Moreover, the essay additionally, lays out some background statistics regarding the problem…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.1% of users find it useful
The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean"

Criminology
According to Dunaway, Francis, Velmer and David (2000), the city of New Orleans, Louisiana State, has the highest rate of crime compared to other cities in the United States. These crimes include rape, murder, theft of motor vehicles, aggravated assault, robbery, and burglary among others. In addition, although New Orleans was highly affected by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the rate of crime, especially in murder, has increased from 162 cases reported in 2006 to 209 cases in 2007. The stories of street killings have increased despite promises from leaders to control the violence testifying that the crime cases are likely to descend. Thus, Dunaway et al. (2000) argue that the crimes are affecting and preventing the rebuilding of New Orleans especially after the Hurricane.
Crime can be best explained using several theories such as Differential Association Theory and the Marxist Theory. The Differential Association Theory is based upon the social process theories which focus on how people interpret their social reality and its meaning while interacting with each other. They seek to explain the process of criminal socialization and how this process forces people to commit antisocial acts. Thus, differentiation association theory explains the processes through which people acquire attitudes that promote criminal behavior. It states that people learn criminal behavior through interacting with people in the process of communication. This usually occurs through intimate, personal interactions and includes techniques of committing the crime, attitudes, drives, and direction of motives among others.
Therefore, according to the Differential Association Theory, the crimes committed in New Orleans are the result of criminal behavior learnt by individuals through interacting with others in the process of communication. This means that rapists, murderers or robbers learnt this criminal behavior from the society through association as a way of expressing needs and values. On the other hand, Marxist theory, which is an example of social conflict theory, explains that individuals, as well as social groups in the society, have different amounts of resources, both material and non-material (the poor and the rich). In this case, the rich are said to be more powerful than the poor, hence, use their power to exploit and oppress the poor. For this reason, the poor feel the need to fight back, accordingly, ending up committing crime. Thus, according to the Marxist theory, crime in the city of New Orleans is due to the exploitation of the poor by the wealthy people which forces the former to fight back by committing crime, robbery for example, in order to gain resources which will enable them to achieve power.
In New Orleans, the rate of crime is higher than the national average crime rate across all the cities in the United States. According to The Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), New Orleans has a crime ratio of 45 crimes to 1000 residents. However, despite this high ratio, it is still not among the cities with the highest crime rate in the United States. In addition, the chances of one becoming a victim of property or violent crime such as rape and murder in New Orleans are 1 to 22. The FBI crime data show that the rate of crime in New Orleans is higher than 78% consideering all the cities in America. Hence, it is not among the safest cities in the United States.
Moreover, New Orleans has the highest violent crime rate in the United States including forcible rape, armed robbery, murder and assault among others. The rate of property crime (theft of motor vehicle for instance), burglary, and arson is about 38 per a thousand population which means that the chances of one becoming a victim of property crime is 1 to 27. It has the highest rate of theft of motor vehicles in the nation as shown in the FBI crime data. In fact, according to The Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), the chances of having a car stolen are 1 to 142 in New Orleans. Therefore, New Orleans is not the city with the highest crime in the United States.
In New Orleans almost all the poor people are blacks. According to Schwartz and Dragan (1996), the population of New Orleans comprises 67% black people and has a poverty rate of 28%. Approximately 25% of families in New Orleans live on less than 15,000 dollars a year. Thus, the high rate of poverty is likely to influence the youth who engage in crime to earn for a living. Furthermore, a combination of poverty and poor education in New Orleans is contributed to the high rate of crime. The number of students who drop out of school seems to be on the rise due to the high rates of poverty.
Thus, the only way to curb the rise in crime is to ensure that there is an equal education for all and the poor are taken care of in the society. Moreover, marriage is also another factor that influences crime especially among children brought up by single parents due to divorces or early parenthood. Single-parent family is a trend that is rapidly increasing in New Orleans which is usually associated with low socioeconomic status (Schwartz & Dragan, 1996). For instance, children brought up by single parents get low level of education and are likely to have a high rate of school drops.
According to the Differential Association Theory, delinquency is learnt from the outside environment. Therefore, external factors have a high influence on human behavior which means that people acquire their criminal behavior from what they learn from outside. The Marxist theory explains the differences between the rich and the poor in terms of wealth or resources. Hence, there are many poor people in the society who are likely to engage in crime in order to have resources just like the rich.
Works Cited
Dunaway, Gregory et al. “The Myth of Social Class and Crime. Revisited: An Examination of Class and Adult Criminality.” Criminology. Vol. 38, 2000, pp. 589-632. Print.
Schwartz, Martin, and Dragan Milovanovic. Race, Gender, and Class in Criminology: The Intersection. New York: Garland Publishing, 2000. Print.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Crime in the United States. The US Department of Justice. Retrieved April 03, 2012, from
http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-inthe-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010 Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Essay on criminology Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1396834-criminology
(Essay on Criminology Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/law/1396834-criminology.
“Essay on Criminology Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1396834-criminology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean

New Labour In The United Kingdom

We can acknowledge the re-emergence of New Labour as a party of liberal policies, which is characterized as a belief in legal rights and duties towards a citizen, however, the party’s popularity has affected badly since 2001 for the criticism the new name with an unprecedented comment of ‘spin doctoring’ and ‘New Labour, New Danger’ has brought to it. (Wikipedia, Labour Party UK)
When we focus on the public sector response given to the New Labour’s political vision, it can be seen that New Labour’s public philosophy is a development of the socialist tradition in response to specific dilemmas conceived largely in terms associated with the New Right. This factor should also be considere...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

To What Extent Does the Concept of Emotional Intelligence Point Towards a New Means of Controlling Workers

Weber believed that ‘the specialized experts organized into smoothly functioning units by the bureaucratic managers would provide these elite managers with a decision-making ability foreign to the parliaments and the courts’ (Glassman et al., 1984, 5). However, in order for the role of managers within bureaucratic environments to be understood, it is necessary to proceed to a thorough examination to the structure and the characteristics of such an environment under normal social and political conditions.

Moreover, the acceptance of Weber’s views on bureaucracy has led to the assumption that bureaucracy (Fry, 1989, 41) ‘is not necessarily rational, it may not be efficient, that other forms of orga...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Comparative Perspective on Organized Crime Groups

The Medellin Cartel of Columbia and the Sicilian Mafia are the two groups chosen for comparative analysis. In what aspects do they differ? What are their similarities? Suchlike questions will be dealt with in the passages that follow.

Both the crime groups emerged in regions with a history of political volatility. The civil war of 1948-1958 had the harshest impact on the city and its surrounding areas. The civil war was essentially one of the struggles between poor Campesinos and the rich landowners. It is no coincidence that most of the populace of Medellin are poor and are émigrés from the countryside. The industrial city of Medellin served as the operating base for the Medellin Cartel, whose founders in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Induction and Socialization of New Employees

Also, a sense of empathy seems to exist in the best organizations around the world since they think both from the organizational perspective as well as from the side of the employees who are going to give in their best and thus benefit the organization in the long run, not to forget do themselves a favor in terms of their future growth and exposure levels. However, all this is easier said than done since the problems do arise from time to time and it is significant that both the organization and the employee understand that they have to co-exist for the betterment of each other. No one of these two entities could exist in a vacuum and thus it is of paramount importance to understand the very same. The end results would be in terms...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Different Models of Exchange Rate Determination and Their Empirical Support

Specifically, some of the discussed models of exchange rate determination are the balance of payment approach model, the monetarist or asset approach model, and the martingale-random walk model. Moreover, the paper will also integrate the experiential observations and examples during the paper, in order to understand the practicality of these models.

Under the balance of payment approach, the domestic cost of foreign currency is established like the cost of any other article of trade. In other words, the market demand and supply curvatures are intersected in the exchange market for that particular foreign currency. The modeling of the abovementioned approach related to the demand and supply for foreign exchange is quite...
13 Pages(3250 words)Term Paper

The impact of Plant Disease on New Zealand

Transmission of PMTV occurs through inoculation of sap in 26 species belonging to Solanaceae or Chenopodiaceae and to Tetragonia expansa and also through grafting (A. Reavy., W. Kashiwazaki., & Barker,1995 ). In some cases, PMTV is known to be transmitted by mechanical inoculation also.

Since PMTV is vectored only through S.subterranea the infection of plants with PMTV depends on the life cycle of S.subterranea which takes about 10-14 days. The life cycle of S.subterranean takes place in 2 phases: Phase I) This is the primary stage of the life cycle initiated with the germination of resting spores known as sporangiosori or cystosori persisting in the soil as spore balls with thick cell walls into zoosporangia. These...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

The Launch of Kones New Product

Political: 90% of Kone’s sales come from international markets. This makes it very vulnerable to political stability in its global markets for example Italy is one of the markets of Kone and elevator regulations are governed in Italy by parliament. Thus, to bring MonoSpace i.e. an elevator without a machine room in compliance with standards, it would require an act by the parliament.
Economical: The performance of the elevator industry is directly proportional to the performance of the construction industry. The construction industry has a maximum potential in developing countries rather than in developed countries. The reason for this is that the developed countries have maximized their growth potential whereas the dev...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Explaining White-Collar Crime through Sykes and Matzas Neutralization Techniques and Mertons Anomie

Modern criminology indicates that the term is of no limitation by referencing to types of crime, which could be enumerated as a crime by the time of the offense, by the type of offender, and by organizational culture (Cote 2002, p. 202). White-collar crimes are generally not associated with poverty or pathologies relating to it. The legal definition of crime is viewed as the only definition of crime, in which the behavior being examined is punishable by law (Sutherland 1949, p. 84).

Sutherland (1949, p. 84) claims that persons belonging to the upper socioeconomic class are involved in such criminal behavior, which is characterized as different from the criminal behavior in which the lower socioeconomic class engage in p...
11 Pages(2750 words)Report

Info-Point: Marketing of New Touch Screen Information Technology

The development of the new Info-Point technology, a stand-alone information module designed to offer the public information on tourism, local shopping, weather, and transportation, has created the opportunity to successfully market these information technologies to different UK cities. The entire marketing concept is to establish self-service information centers that offer a wide variety of regional information, utilizing an easy-to-use touch screen methodology to cater to a broad mass market of consumers. 

Touch screen interface systems are becoming more and more common in the UK and abroad. During a pilot experiment using touch screen information technology, the automotive manufacturer Lexus piloted an informatio...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

The Notion of Free Will on Understanding of Crime Causation

They, therefore, believe that internal and external factors affect the chances of a person being subject to a crime. The situation at which a person commits a crime also forms the basis of the determinist approach of causes of crimes.
Several theories elaborate on the factors that dispose of different people toward crimes. The classical theory explains that crimes occur when their benefits outdo the costs or consequences of the crime. The theory of Routine Activities suggests that a crime likely occurs if a motivated offender finds an attractive target and no appropriate guardianship in place. Various biological factors also influence the causes of crimes as evident in the discussion.
One of the major assumptions of the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean for FREE!

Contact Us