Free

The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The writer of the current essay seeks to evaluate the issue of crime rate in New Orlean city using several theories such as Differential Association Theory and the Marxist Theory. Moreover, the essay additionally, lays out some background statistics regarding the problem…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean"

Criminology
According to Dunaway, Francis, Velmer and David (2000), the city of New Orleans, Louisiana State, has the highest rate of crime compared to other cities in the United States. These crimes include rape, murder, theft of motor vehicles, aggravated assault, robbery, and burglary among others. In addition, although New Orleans was highly affected by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the rate of crime, especially in murder, has increased from 162 cases reported in 2006 to 209 cases in 2007. The stories of street killings have increased despite promises from leaders to control the violence testifying that the crime cases are likely to descend. Thus, Dunaway et al. (2000) argue that the crimes are affecting and preventing the rebuilding of New Orleans especially after the Hurricane.
Crime can be best explained using several theories such as Differential Association Theory and the Marxist Theory. The Differential Association Theory is based upon the social process theories which focus on how people interpret their social reality and its meaning while interacting with each other. They seek to explain the process of criminal socialization and how this process forces people to commit antisocial acts. Thus, differentiation association theory explains the processes through which people acquire attitudes that promote criminal behavior. It states that people learn criminal behavior through interacting with people in the process of communication. This usually occurs through intimate, personal interactions and includes techniques of committing the crime, attitudes, drives, and direction of motives among others.
Therefore, according to the Differential Association Theory, the crimes committed in New Orleans are the result of criminal behavior learnt by individuals through interacting with others in the process of communication. This means that rapists, murderers or robbers learnt this criminal behavior from the society through association as a way of expressing needs and values. On the other hand, Marxist theory, which is an example of social conflict theory, explains that individuals, as well as social groups in the society, have different amounts of resources, both material and non-material (the poor and the rich). In this case, the rich are said to be more powerful than the poor, hence, use their power to exploit and oppress the poor. For this reason, the poor feel the need to fight back, accordingly, ending up committing crime. Thus, according to the Marxist theory, crime in the city of New Orleans is due to the exploitation of the poor by the wealthy people which forces the former to fight back by committing crime, robbery for example, in order to gain resources which will enable them to achieve power.
In New Orleans, the rate of crime is higher than the national average crime rate across all the cities in the United States. According to The Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), New Orleans has a crime ratio of 45 crimes to 1000 residents. However, despite this high ratio, it is still not among the cities with the highest crime rate in the United States. In addition, the chances of one becoming a victim of property or violent crime such as rape and murder in New Orleans are 1 to 22. The FBI crime data show that the rate of crime in New Orleans is higher than 78% consideering all the cities in America. Hence, it is not among the safest cities in the United States.
Moreover, New Orleans has the highest violent crime rate in the United States including forcible rape, armed robbery, murder and assault among others. The rate of property crime (theft of motor vehicle for instance), burglary, and arson is about 38 per a thousand population which means that the chances of one becoming a victim of property crime is 1 to 27. It has the highest rate of theft of motor vehicles in the nation as shown in the FBI crime data. In fact, according to The Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), the chances of having a car stolen are 1 to 142 in New Orleans. Therefore, New Orleans is not the city with the highest crime in the United States.
In New Orleans almost all the poor people are blacks. According to Schwartz and Dragan (1996), the population of New Orleans comprises 67% black people and has a poverty rate of 28%. Approximately 25% of families in New Orleans live on less than 15,000 dollars a year. Thus, the high rate of poverty is likely to influence the youth who engage in crime to earn for a living. Furthermore, a combination of poverty and poor education in New Orleans is contributed to the high rate of crime. The number of students who drop out of school seems to be on the rise due to the high rates of poverty.
Thus, the only way to curb the rise in crime is to ensure that there is an equal education for all and the poor are taken care of in the society. Moreover, marriage is also another factor that influences crime especially among children brought up by single parents due to divorces or early parenthood. Single-parent family is a trend that is rapidly increasing in New Orleans which is usually associated with low socioeconomic status (Schwartz & Dragan, 1996). For instance, children brought up by single parents get low level of education and are likely to have a high rate of school drops.
According to the Differential Association Theory, delinquency is learnt from the outside environment. Therefore, external factors have a high influence on human behavior which means that people acquire their criminal behavior from what they learn from outside. The Marxist theory explains the differences between the rich and the poor in terms of wealth or resources. Hence, there are many poor people in the society who are likely to engage in crime in order to have resources just like the rich.
Works Cited
Dunaway, Gregory et al. “The Myth of Social Class and Crime. Revisited: An Examination of Class and Adult Criminality.” Criminology. Vol. 38, 2000, pp. 589-632. Print.
Schwartz, Martin, and Dragan Milovanovic. Race, Gender, and Class in Criminology: The Intersection. New York: Garland Publishing, 2000. Print.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Crime in the United States. The US Department of Justice. Retrieved April 03, 2012, from
http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-inthe-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010 Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Essay on criminology Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1396834-criminology
(Essay on Criminology Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/law/1396834-criminology.
“Essay on Criminology Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1396834-criminology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean

Crime rate in Accra Ghana and its contributing factors

...? 15 May Crime rate in Accra Ghana and its contributing factors: This paper is primarily based on a largely spoken and critically significant issue regarding the rising crime rate in Accra Ghana, which is too potentially threatening to be overlooked. Myriad factors like population demographics, socio-economic conditions, and public space are discussed in this paper in special regards to the growing rate of crime in Accra Ghana. The recent increase in horrendous crime in Accra present an issue of major concern demanding global attention because armed robberies, rapes, murders, and burglaries occur on daily basis now. The...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Employment and Unployment Rate and Crime Rate in Washington DC

...not yet developed. While Washington DC has no or very less influence from the societal affects of its western and northern borders, its eastern and southern bordering states are underdeveloped and have a tendency to reflect it upon the crimes that take place in Washington DC. In 2008 out of the total crime reported in United States, 11,160,543 only 6234 were reported in Washington DC. Table: 2 Crime statistics of Washington DC State Violent Crime (2008) Property Crime (2008) Washington DC 1375 4859 Relation between crime rates and employment rates The crime...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

UK Crime Rate Indicators

...RUNNING HEAD: UK CRIME RATE INDICATORS An Analysis of UK Crime Rate Indicators The United Kingdom offers an open society where people of different ethnic origins and nationalities are living hand in hand in greater harmony. However, with the economic and social challenges emerging the crime levels are also increasing. The UK's Home Office is responsible for reporting country wide crime statistics and analysis on year-to-year basis with further comparisons to previous years. The information presented in these reports is supplied by two resources that include reporting from police across the country and British Crime Survey...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Central tendency

..., the amount of crime that will go unreported and the variations in the general reporting of the crimes across the government agencies. Therefore, the appropriate measure of central tendency to be used for the data of theft in my community is mean. This is because the mean takes into account or rather considers all the values in a data set, it is a unique measure since each sample and the entire population has only a single mean and finally it acts as the balancing point for the entire data of theft as a crime. Each year has its mean which is completely different from the mean of other years. In addition, the mean is easy to interpret when reports about...
1 Pages(250 words)Statistics Project

Measures of Central Tendency

... MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY Central tendency is a score that indicates where the centre in a distribution tends to lie. Central tendency shows the shape and nature of a given distribution. When a set of data is collected, people are usually interested in making statistical summary on the complex set of unique values for each variable that is given. The process of sampling usually refers to the describing of a distribution of various variables (Berenson, 19). Measures of central tendency are single values that describe a particular set of data by identifying the central position within the given set of data. Some books define measures of central...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Crime rate in United States of America

...Affiliation Crime Rate in United s of America Introduction The crime rates in the United s of America have dropped significantly especially in the1990’s. Take for instance the violent crimes that took place in United States of America dropped by 28 percent since the 1990’s something that is worth lauding. While the national property crime rates dropped by 28 percent signifying a steady decrease in the rate of occurrence of property associated crimes. However despite the drop, the levels of crime are still alarmingly high something that could be attributed to a number of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Reduce crime rate

.... To sum up, the guns and the gunner criminals have become so popular and separated phenomenon in all over the world. Considering this negative tendency, governments have taken this issue seriously and tend to find a solution for it in order to ensure safety and wellbeing for the individuals. In some countries such as America, murders have become much more frequent, and the crime rate has increased due to the lack of control. Therefore, the governments applied some serious procedures that can contribute in decreasing the rates of crimes and murders in the streets, and these procedures are gun control, mandatory sentencing, and increase of police workers’...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY

...Measures of central tendency March 9, Measures of central tendency Question Measures of central tendency refers to the descriptive statics and they include mean, mode and the median (Healey, 2009).  Mean is the most common measure of central tendency compared to the mode and median, it is the sum of all the values divided by the total number of the values. It is used for both grouped and ungrouped data and also it is works best when there are no outliers in the data. Median is a measure of position which is represented by the middle value from an ordered set of values, it is used when the data is skewed. Mode on the other hand, refers to the values that occurs most...
3 Pages(750 words)Speech or Presentation

MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY

...MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY al affiliation Mean Mean entails the average time taken in physical activities per day. One would get it by taking the sum of the time taken for the daily activity, divided by ten days. Mean ===50.8 This means that on average, I spend 50.8 minutes in the physical fitness activity. Median Median is the middle number. It is important to arrange the data, for the 10 days in ascending order as follows. 38 38 41 41 56 58 58 58 60 60 If there are two numbers in the middles, the median is the average of the two numbers as below (Feller, 2000). Median= ==57 As a measure of central tendency, it means that, on average, I use 57 minutes in physical activities per day. Mode...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Tendency to forgive

..., wellness and forgiveness correlates in that they both control personality. The study also elaborates the fact that forgiveness is essential to both mental and physical health. In fact, it has relations to personality type. In this case, the tendency to forgive remains personal thus it depends on an individual (Baskin & Enright, 2004). Taken together, the research findings constitute a significant aspect in a potentially interesting new phase of forgiveness research. The research conceptualizes forgiveness in terms of property functionality thus better knowledge of what the aspect of forgiveness entails. The forgiveness tendency is linked to completed intervention-based study of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Tendency of Crime Rate in New Orlean for FREE!

Contact Us