Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
No doubts oil spills are responsible for the plight of coastal communities, economic losses experienced in some global nations, as well as climatic change (Read 42). It is true that Arctic regions experience high risks of oil pollution resulting from oil spills as compared to Antarctic regions. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills"

Download file to see previous pages Climatic changes and economic losses are a characteristic of many nations in the current global arena. Funny enough, these problems are directly congruent to environmental pollution reducible through proper laws, rules, regulations, and measures.
The following discussion entails comparative environmental law on oil spills. This paper provides the history of oil pollution and control under international law, which have been in existence from the classical period to contemporary world. In addition, the paper also focuses on the BP Gulf and Exxon Valdez Oil spills. While discussing these two, these paper attempts to provide a synopsis, environmental impact, developed laws both federal and state, as well as lawsuit that resulted from the same. On a different perspective, the paper also identifies similarities and differences between the two main oil spills whilst trying to create an understanding of the various laws that came into play soon after the spills. The conclusion of this paper includes ending judgments, concluding laws and regulations, as well as the author’s personal opinion in regards to environmental laws helping in controlling oil pollution.
Introduction on oil spills
• History of oil pollution liability and control under international law
The US and many other European countries have fought oil pollution through enacting of regulations against the same since the 1800s.
The worst oil spill ever experienced in the world history, Torrey Canyon spill in 1969 significantly enlightened the international community in enacting international liability regime against all oil pollution especially from oil spillages. It is surprising that despite the fact that US was a party in signing the CLC of the 1969, it was never involved in practicing the enacted policies. According to US, its decline to join the same was because CLC had inadequate damage liability hence enacting her own liability scheme, OPA in 1990. Ironically, many scholars had reservations against OPA of 1990 citing evidence of its inadequate damage liability caps that made US to decline being party to CLC (Read 129). Pre 1960’s oil pollution control Amongst the global nations, UK was the first ever to enact water pollution rules and legislations in 1814. The US followed suit 52 years later when they developed the Refuse Act of 1866. Refuse Act of 1866 aimed at prohibiting or controlling the act of discharging water pollutants into the New York Harbor. 33 years later, 1899 the US decided to expand the Refuse Act to include all navigable waters taking into considerations that its initial aim was to protect New York Harbor. Demand for oil increased considerably due to advancing technology, which called for greater energy needs especially in the beginning of the 20th century. Consequently, the world had to extract more oil to meet the increased energy needs. This led to increased oil pollution forcing the US in 1924 to develop Oil Pollution Act of 1924. The Oil Pollution Act of 1924 was to make it illegal for any individual to dump oil into all coastal waters within the United States of America. Moreover, 24 years later, US developed another legislation known as the Federal Water Pollution ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills Essay)
“Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
balistreribo added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
I didn’t know how to start my research paper. "Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills" helped me out a lot! Especially the list of resources was valuable.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills

Oil Spills Crisis

...spilled was about 216 tones. The oil was leaked at a distance of approximately 180 km from Aberdeen’s Scottish port. This oil slick covered an area of more than 37 sq km. The recent oil spill has done a lot to tarnish the image of the Royal Dutch Shell in the eyes of the public. The Royal Dutch Shell has conventionally remained out of the focus of campaigners. The company has traditionally maintained a desecrated reputation whether the campaigners were concerned with environmental health and safety, human rights’ violation or climatic change. “In September 1993 the TGWU (transport and general workers union) launched a nationwide boycott...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Oil Spills Clean-up Technology

...lead to major environmental problems. All measures ought to be taken to prevent the oil spills since the cost of such catastrophes are high. The environment should be protected at all times. References Ahmad, A.L.; Sumathi, S.; Hameed, B.H. Reoil and suspended solid removal using natural adsorbents chitosan, bentonite and activated carbon: A comparative study. Chem. Eng., 108, 179-185. 2005 Allen A.A. In-situ burning, Alaska Arctic offshore oil spill response technology. U.S government printing office, Woodinville, Washington, DC, NIST Report No SP 762, 11-14. 1999 Amuda O. S. and Ibrahim A. O. Industrial wastewater treatment using...
31 Pages(7750 words)Research Paper

Operation Management - Maritime, Oil Spills

...? Oil spill in the Arabian Gulf Resource Introduction Oil, as a natural resource, is an important factor in the growth of any economy. Oil extraction and its use have earned many countries foreign exchange, thus providing many employment opportunities to the citizens of these countries thus raising the living standards of these people. However, oil mining has many negative impacts commonly brought about by oil spillage and the management of oil as a natural resource. Oil mining may lead to the addition of toxic in water when oil seeps into the water thereby developing marine traffic problems when oil spills are available in the sea water. Discussion Oil spillage has extreme negative impacts on the environment in terms of pollution... . This...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

BP Oil Spills

.... According to the law of demand the initial impact on the demand due to the rise in the price of oil would generate a shift along the demand curve. The rise in the price of oil would decrease its demand in the market. However, the BP Oil Spill created high level of negative eternities in the market. It causes a lot of degradation to the environment like the marine life. It can be assumed that this might indulge many individuals to use more of renewable sources of energy like electricity and solar energy. In that case the aggregate demand for petroleum would fall in the market causing a leftward shift of the curve from D1 to D2. In such a situation the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Environmental effects of oil spills

...oil will have to pay $1,200 for every ton they spill. * Spill Fund-The law says that the government has money from companies that transport the oil so when a spill occurs, the government can pay for the clean up. * Navigation- The law says that the Coast Guard must know where the oil tankers can drive without an oil spill occurring” (Oracle, n.d.) However, there are still nations whose laws and regulations warrant more stringent measures to prevent oil spills and apply sanctions to tankers that caused the problem. A...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cleaning up oil spills

...Richard Gunawardane CHEM 100–002 02 April Cleaning up Oil Spills Oil spills have caused major problems in the environment, especially in the flora and fauna of our bodies of water. This dilemma is currently addressed by activities and efforts to clean up the oil spills with the participation of the government and even private entities and environmentalists. However, to fully comprehend how the cleaning up process of oil spill works, it is necessary to understand the chemistry behind mitigation of oil spills. There are several ways in controlling and cleaning up...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Cleaning Oil Spills with Magnets

...poisoning in the environment. However, it also paved the way for the establishment of the Exxon- Valdez voraxial separator. July 2010 EVTN Voraxial Separator Trialed in Gulf Oil Spill The EVTN voraxial oil separator development by Fort Lauderdale uses the centrifugal by the gravity force to separate two or more different liquids. It was used during the 2010 BP Oil Spill, with effects such as the provision of industrial and environmental separation technology, the development of the company for both sells and manufactures, and the establishment of the Florida precision aerospace...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Environmental Toxicology. Oil Spills

...Long-Term Ecological Effects of Oil Spills Following the American Psychological Association Guidelines One of the largest witnessed oil spills in history happened in the Bay of Campeche of the Gulf of Mexico as a result of explosion on at the Ixtoc I platform in 1979. The disaster was caused by failure of blowout preventer functioning and subsequent fire, which resulted in crash of Sedco 135F drilling tower releasing gigantic quantities of oil into the water. The government-owned oil company Permex was trying to stop the leak for more than nine months using several methods and finally drilling two relief wells. Until that moment around140...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Damage Caused By Oil Spills

...Legislations That Have Been Implemented To Minimize the Damage Caused By Oil SpillsOil spills impose an uncalled for and profound impact on the environment. It can be in the form of immediate or long-term effect. It has been noted that a few of the impacts caused from oil spills can remain for decades harming the well-being of the people and consequently the environment. In order to mitigate the issues or the impact associated with oil spills, certain legislations have been enacted by the legal authorities. One such legislation is the Oil Pollution Act (OPA). The law...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

BP Company Oil Spills

...BP Company Oil Spills Question 1 In April 2010, there was explosion of deep water horizon oil spill by the British Petroleum (BP) Company, which was quite a huge environmental crisis in terms of the oil industry. However, the BP crisis did not only affect the employees but the entire community residing near the Gulf of Mexico, a place where the oil spill occurred. The oil spill was due to a gas leak that was in the oil rig which resulted from the accumulation of hydrocarbons at the Mexican Gulf (Jones 2010). This oil...
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Comparative Environmental Law on Oil Spills for FREE!

Contact Us