Nobody downloaded yet

A Critical appraisal of the Torrey Canyon oil spill and the Remediative Response - Coursework Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
This paper looks at the history of oil dispersal and its effects on marine life. It addresses and the newer work being done by the scientific community and environmental groups that have led to innovative ideas for preventing- or at least lessening the impact of - oil spill disasters of the future. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.5% of users find it useful
A Critical appraisal of the Torrey Canyon oil spill and the Remediative Response
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"A Critical appraisal of the Torrey Canyon oil spill and the Remediative Response"

Download file to see previous pages dies show that many experts have been wrong to focus on dispersants as the main source of toxins involved in oil spill events, because oil itself has toxic effects that can outweigh the dangers of low-level dispersant use (Boyd et al 2001). Oil’s bioavailability to marine life is possible through four main pathways: 1) direct contact with the oil, such when birds dive through oil to catch fish 2) ingestion through eating prey covered with oil or that has recently eaten oil-contaminated food, or through preening their oil covered feathers 3) breathing in fumes or oil particulates suspended in the air, and 4) absorption, whereby toxins leach into the skin of sea creatures or the membranes of plants. Of particular concern is PAH, a highly toxic compound found in almost all oils that has a known association with cancers in both wildlife and humans. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are formed when organic compounds are not completely burned off during combustion (Srogi 1997). PAH contamination of the environment occurs through many of our everyday activities both at the personal and industrial levels, such as motor vehicle emissions, asphalt and aluminum production, oil refining, waste burning, and the combustion of fuels in ships and aircraft (Srogi 1997). When in gaseous form, PAHs enter the water system through precipitation and other atmospheric conditions. Oil leaks and municipal and industrial waste and are other sources of aquatic contamination (Srogi 1997). PAH is toxic in both fresh oil and in “weathered” or decomposed oil that has been exposed to natural atmospheric conditions over time (Neff et al 2011). Researchers have found that oil continues to leach from sedimentation under the water’s surface years after a spill. French, Banta and Swiss...
This paper stresses that experience and research are leading the science community and environmentalists in new directions in terms of oil spill responses. Microbial degradation of oil droplets is one area of research that may lead to more environmentally friendly cleanup procedures. Researchers are aware that all natural environments contain bacteria that degrade bacteria. Microbes adapt to their environment; areas with regular spills due to ship traffic have local led developed microbe populations that live off the oils. Many types of these oil-eating microbes work together to break down the diverse compounds found in crude oils and other spilled substances. Researchers have attempted to genetically engineer microbes to enhance their hydrocarbon-eating capacity in future oil spills.
This report makes a conclusion that while the U.S. maintains open-mindedness about the use of chemical dispersants, most of the world, rejects non-chemical oil removal in favor of mechanical methods. It is worth noting that the International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited, which produces an annual report on accidental oil spills finds that over the past four decades there has been a decrease in the number of large oil spills. Unfortunately, we seem to have far to go in figuring out how to prevent them altogether, however, when we use experience and science to handle spill events more intelligently, we may begin to see less disastrous consequences from our response to spills in the future. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“A Critical appraisal of the Torrey Canyon oil spill and the Coursework”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1423546-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-torrey-canyon-oil-spill-and-the-remediative-response
(A Critical Appraisal of the Torrey Canyon Oil Spill and the Coursework)
“A Critical Appraisal of the Torrey Canyon Oil Spill and the Coursework”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1423546-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-torrey-canyon-oil-spill-and-the-remediative-response.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
davonteking added comment 2 months ago
Student rated this paper as
This coursework was always my weak point. I could never complete it on time. Still, after I found this particular paper, I understood how it should be completed. So, I performed my research afterward and completed the coursework in several hours, instead of weeks as it was previously.
BP Oil Spill
The supply chain team played a key role. According to Waters (2011), the main challenge that the supply chain faced was to secure the nearby regions and the offshore response. Several actions
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework
Investment appraisal under uncertainty
The Discounting Cash Flow Model is not reliable as a perfect tool for valuation because it is practically not able to predict the growth rate of the company’s cash flows. However, it can give an estimate of the value of the company in combination with other
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework
Now that we are in this world, just because we have not yet seen life after death does not mean there is not one. The true hero is one who gives himself in for a bigger cause. So our motive in this
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework
conceptualized as effective job satisfaction by an individual that may constitute their general or even global personal feelings about the given job. Further, it could also be conceptualized as a composite of purposeful cognitive assessment of certain specific facets of the job
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework
Oil spill
s spilled in sea and mostly remains on the surface of the sea water; though some of the oil gets carried down to the sea surface by sinking sands and clay and might form tar balls. It is worth mentioning that oil spill might also happen through irresponsible oil discharge to the
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Gulf Oil Spill
With the implementation of advancing science and technology human being have come to learn more and more about the planet humanity calls home. However, as beautiful and amazing as it can be, it can, also, be a forced to be reckoned with. Tornadoes, monsoons, earthquakes, and tsunami’s crash down upon human society leaving little in its wake.
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study
Employees Performance Appraisal
The evaluation is made considering the quantity and quality of the performance along with the timeliness and dedication to the job. In case the performance is below standard, then either certain steps are taken like training and motivation to increase the level of performance or the employee is dismissed if the results are too poor.
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework
Employees Performance Appraisal
Potential appraisal aims at identifying those skills of which the employees might not even be aware. Potential appraisal is future oriented, as it is used to consider the ability of the employee to be promoted. Potential appraisal may be used as a tool to predict the performance of an employee by identifying his strengths and weaknesses beforehand.
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework
emendous pressures, and the through compaction, microbial action and chemical reaction, water is forced out material, and the carbohydrates, lipids and proteins are broken down to form kerogen which is waxy in nature (White, 2006). Bitumen is also formed in this step. This
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework
Employees Performance Appraisal
Through Potential Appraisal, employee qualities that are inherent in an individual like leadership, communication skills, etch are identified so that it can be used to contribute to the organization’s bottom line. Whereas Performance Appraisal is the procedure or method used in evaluating the performance of a certain employee for a given period of what the employee has done or how productive he or she is.
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Coursework on topic A Critical appraisal of the Torrey Canyon oil spill and the Remediative Response for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us