Expectancy Violation Theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the paper “Expectancy Violation Theory” the author examines expectancy violation theory as one of the communication theories that explain the unexpected or unprecedented behaviors. The theory assumes that the uncertainty of the behaviors is reduced when individuals interact with others…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.8% of users find it useful
Expectancy Violation Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Expectancy Violation Theory"

Expectancy Violation Theory
Expectancy violation theory is one of the communication theories that explain the unexpected or unprecedented behaviors of people in the process of interacting. The theory assumes that the uncertainty or the vagueness of the behaviors is reduced when individuals interact with others. In daily life, people predict certain behaviors in the process of interacting and the violation of the prediction is seen as negative or positive. This may depend on the relationship between people. In many cases, people would always predict what others think as per their behaviors. As people communicate, they create expectations on how the receiver or others will react to what they say. The violation of such expectations leads to a negative or positive perception.
Expectancy violation theory values personal space as it is described as the boundary that individuals keep and freedom is given to those people who are close. People expect personal space with those they interact with and as per the shared relationship. Because of this, people tend to protect their personal space in events that they experience a violation in the expected behavior.
Moreover, the expectancy of people is determined by many factors that influence the personal space. For instance, interactant characteristics are a factor that determines the expectancy in people. They include age, sex, and personality traits that one may poses. Interpersonal characteristics also determine it, and they include the relationship between the speaker and the receiver. Lastly, the environment plays a role in relation to cultural influence and social situations. The above factors influence the interaction of individual, which influence the relationship they will establish.
One example to describe the expectancy violation theory is when one expects a gym instructor to be rough and harsh. This will make one chilly and would minimize interaction and even leave going to the gym. However, the relationship will be established when one finds out that the gym instructor is calm and gently behaves. Under this circumstance, the unexpected behavior influences the degree of continuing to communicate or not. Therefore, the individual who goes to the gym will establish a positive relationship and communicate.
The second example is about two students who write and publish articles on the behaviors of the teachers in their school as well as the evil taking place in the school. The article goes viral and blows out of expectations. The students are worried and called by the school’s headteacher in the office. The students expect punishment or suspension because they talked ill about the school contrary to the expected values demanded from them. However, the head teacher was happy about the school’s performance in the hockey tournament and called them for a chat. After reading the article, the head teacher decides to select the two students to the school’s editorial team for their creativity. The head teacher’s reaction was unexpected and turns out to be positive thereby promoting the creativity of the students in exposing the evils in the school.
In conclusion, expectancy violation theory brings the expectation of the unexpected words, behaviors, or actions of an individual. It helps individuals establish a relationship in case the interaction is positive. Similarly, the theory is important in studying the existing interpersonal relationships between individuals.

Work Cited
Communication Theory. Expectancy violation theory. 2010. Online Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Expectancy Violation Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Expectancy Violation Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Expectancy Violation Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Expectancy Violation Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Expectancy Violation Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Expectancy Violation Theory

Motivation Expectancy Value Theory

...? Motivation Expectancy Value Theory April 21st Motivation Expectancy Value Theory Many theorists have attempted to discern on the various ways that people make choices regarding achieving tasks, how to persist in those tasks with lots of vigor and how individuals enhance performance on the said tasks. Vansteenkiste, Lens, Witte, and Feather (2005) in their journal wrote that expectancy value theory is a cognitive-motivational theory that relates to an individual’s level or strength of motivation. This is because a person strives to attain a certain goal with the expectations to attain the desired goal...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Expectancy Violation theory

...September 17, Theory: Expectation Violations Theory and Interaction Adaptation Theory by Judee Burgoon Word count: 1621 Judee Burgoon proposed the Expectation Violations Theory (EVT), where people’s expectations of other people’s behaviors affect their interactions, impressions and the results of these interactions. This theory can help understand personal space violations in the first episode of The Nanny (1993). During this time, Fran Fine (Fran Drescher) is applying as a nanny for Maxwell Sheffield (Charles Shaughnessy). The scene analyzed is the one...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Expectancy Violations Theory

However, the scholar argues that personal space is continually reflective of the compromise present between conflicting approach needs that are intact with human beings in relation to having affiliation and privacy (Griffin 85). It is worth mentioning that personal space emanated from an anthropologist, Edward Hall from the Institute of Technology in Illinois. In his argument, he coined proxemics as a study in which people utilise space as special elaboration of culture. Furthermore, he argues that America had four zones that were related to proxemics: intimate distance, personal distance, social distance and public distance. In essence, the four zones range from 0 to 10 fits depending on the zone. In his works, Hall gives clear i...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Expectancy violations theory

...? Expectancy Violations Theory Introduction For many years, theorists are attempting to understand and explain the nature of the world by using different theories. It is worth mentioning that people live in complex environment having composite relationships and it is the nature of the individuals to remain much curious regarding development of relationship through communication. In the area of communication, theories can be used to define fabric of space, time and relationship between individuals. Communication surrounds people every time and is interlaced into the area of shared awareness. Communication based theories are regarded as a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Cultural differences and Expectancy Violations Theory

...Accommodating Culture with the Expectancy Violations Theory Communication is filled with non-verbal messages and cues that play an important role in defining and interpreting messages sent from the communicator to the receiver. The relevance of these underlying messages is especially significant when communicating across cultural boundaries. A thorough understanding of the impact our mannerisms, proximity, style, and body language has on the observer can greatly aid the communicator in their effort to provide a clear and unambiguous message. Previous attempts at quantifying these messages have often found themselves grounded in a particular culture and measured from that culture's...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The expectancy theory

...RUNNING HEAD: The Expectancy Theory The Expectancy Theory of The expectancy theory is an important tool for a wise and practical manager. Said manager can from the theory to improve his or her effectiveness in motivating employees at work. Since a manager has the function of planning, organizing, motivating, directing and controlling, his knowledge of behavioral theories like this matters. The expectancy theory assumes that there is an explanation for one’s behavior to be motivated to do something. Psychologist Victor Vroom has advanced and explained the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Expectancy theory of motivation

...Expectancy Theory of Motivation Expectancy Theory of Motivation A. Explain the three key components and relationships in the expectancy theory of motivation. Expectancy theory is based on the idea that ‘people can make conscious choices about their motivation’ (Williams 2010, p.507). This means that people can be motivated if an action is followed by a particular reward. From this point of view, the expectancy theory has three critical components: ‘valence, expectancy and instrumentality’ (Williams 2010, p.507). These components could be further analyzed...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Expectancy theory

...Expectancy Theory Expectancy theory attempts to explain the reasons behind an individual opting for one behavioral option over the rest. The theory argues that individuals will draw motivation from the belief that their decision brings desired outcome. Expectancy theory is anchored on three pillars that include expectancy, instrumentality and valence. Expectancy is the belief that efforts contribute to improved performance. The theory is observed in the belief that hard work leads to greater success (Redmond 1). Many factors influence expectancy....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Expectancy theory in nursing

... Expectancy theory in nursing Expectancy theory indicates that an individual behave in a certain way due to their motivation to select certain behaviors over others due to their expectations of the desired behaviors (Allen, 2011). It states that the motivation of selecting a certain behavior is determined by a how desirable the outcome would be. However, the determining factor is the cognitive process that affects how individuals process their various elements of motivation. Thus, the expectancy theory is more concerned with the mental processes of a choice that an individual makes. It explains various processes an...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Incorporate Expectancy Theory

...Expectancy Theory Affiliation: Summary Sailors of extreme race have to endure one of most grueling and mind-battling situations from racing against the roaring winds and waves for 100 days. Their boats are constantly wet and full of condensation and hence very uncomfortable for the sailors. The conditions inside the boat in a bid to maintain them being as light weight as possible require them to live on frozen food for the entire days of the competition which vacuum packed. The boats do not even have the most essential of the hygiene equipment like toilets and sinks. The sailors have to use buckets and dispose the waste (Webster, 2011). Other than the hygiene and food, the sailors have to sleep on single...
2 Pages(500 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Expectancy Violation Theory for FREE!

Contact Us