Free

Using evolutionary psychology to develop your own prediction about communication - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Laughter could be a simple form of early communication with social purposes (Provine, 1996). Ethologists have offered several theories on why people laugh and why men and women are both attracted to people who laugh and can make them…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.6% of users find it useful
Using evolutionary psychology to develop your own prediction about communication
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Using evolutionary psychology to develop your own prediction about communication"

Why can laughter make a woman attractive to men? For humans, laughter came before speech. Laughter could be a simple form of early communication with social purposes (Provine, 1996). Ethologists have offered several theories on why people laugh and why men and women are both attracted to people who laugh and can make them laugh. Ramachandran (1998) offered the false alarm theory, which states that laughter is a form of social communication that assures that danger is not present in the environment. Miller (1998) focused more on laughter as an important factor in sexual selection (as cited in Bressler & Balshine, 2006). He believed that laughter could be a sign of genetic fitness that attracts the opposite sex. What is not yet fully known is why men, in particular, are attracted to women’s laughter. The question is: Why can laughter make a woman attractive to men?
The false alarm theory and sexual selection theory can be both used to explain why women’s laughter attract men. The false alarm theory states that people laugh to show that any possible anomaly or threat in the environment is not present (i.e. the initially thought of as an anomaly is a false alarm) (Ramachandran, 1998, p.352). It explains that laughter assures others that harm is not present in the environment, which also partially explains why laughter is done more when people are around than when alone (Provine, 1996). In connection to laughter, false alarm theory suggests that women laugh to signal that they are not in danger. They laugh when they are with men because they want to make sure that resources are saved by not sending an incorrect alarm signal. The second theory is sexual selection theory that states that laughter is attractive because it is a sign of fitness. My hypothesis is that women laugh to signal that they are not in harm’s way. This means that laughter reduces risks or perceptions of harm to men. At the same time, women laugh to show that they can take care of their children well because laughter is related to genetic fitness (Bressler & Balshine, 2006). Men are attracted to women who laugh because of lower threats in the environment and perception of women’s genetic fitness.
My prediction is that men like women who laugh because the latter’s laughter signal lack of danger and ability to protect their offspring. Women’s ability to expel noise through laughter, is an indicator that they are good sexual mates because they are good mothers. In other words, when women laugh, they look sexier because laughter is connected to their ability to take care of their offspring and being a capable mother attracts men, according to the theory of sexual mate selection. In other words, laughter shows fitness to be a mother. In addition, women’s laughter indicates the absence of danger, based on the false alarm theory. Laughter may be reducing risks to men who want to increase chances of sexual selection success.
The experiment is that men will watch two short videos of a woman (two different women) in conversation with a man (same man for the two videos). These women should have basically the same physical features (e.g. both brunettes and medium body size, with same eye color and almost the same noses, mouths, and skin color), to avoid these variables from affecting male assessments. One woman laughs frequently during the conversation, while the other does not. A survey will ask if the male participants think that these women can be good mothers, based on what they saw from the videos. In addition, the survey will ask them which women they found more attractive. Third, it will ask them which woman they would court and which would most likely agree to date them. The experiment seeks to prove the hypothesis that men will rate women who laugh as better mothers and as more attractive than those who do not. They will also find laughing women as less intimidating than non-laughing ones. It will offer some proof that laughter has a connection to sexual selection and reduction of perceptions of harms and risks.
References
Bressler, E. R., & Balshine, S. (2006). The influence of humor on desirability. Evolution and Human Behavior, 27(1), 29-39. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2005.06.002
Provine, R. R. (1996). Laughter. American Scientist, 84(1), 38-45.
Ramachandran, V. S. (1998). The neurology and evolution of humor, laughter, and smiling: The false alarm theory. Medical Hypotheses, 51(4), 351-354. doi:10.1016/S0306-9877(98)90061-5 Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Using evolutionary psychology to develop your own prediction about Essay”, n.d.)
Using evolutionary psychology to develop your own prediction about Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1699017-using-evolutionary-psychology-to-develop-your-own-prediction-about-communication
(Using Evolutionary Psychology to Develop Your Own Prediction about Essay)
Using Evolutionary Psychology to Develop Your Own Prediction about Essay. https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1699017-using-evolutionary-psychology-to-develop-your-own-prediction-about-communication.
“Using Evolutionary Psychology to Develop Your Own Prediction about Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1699017-using-evolutionary-psychology-to-develop-your-own-prediction-about-communication.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Using evolutionary psychology to develop your own prediction about communication

Evolutionary Psychology

...? Evolutionary Psychology Tyfanny Payne Pennsylvania Schuylkill This paper was prepared for the Evolutionary Psychology, taught by Dr. Scherer. Abstract Evolutionary Psychology is a branch in psychology that examines and identifies several traits that are involved in evolution, such as sexual selection. This branch of psychology also proposes that the present human behavior is a product of adaptation because of survival. This paper deals with all these as it tries to answer several questions. Evolutionary Psychology 1. Look at women's long-term mating preferences....
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Evolutionary Psychology: Undestanding Human Nature

...behavior patterns are influenced by the psychological adaptations that have evolved in the human mind over time, to resolve recurrent quandaries happening in day to day living. Thus, the behavioral aspect universally depicted in all creatures, is undoubtedly important to evolutionary psychologists in their interpretations for behavior and mind nature. These traits are developed form natural selection, which is the area that evolutionary psychologists are interested in. Natural selection is a profoundly consummate area of evolutionary biology, developed by Darwin. Ii stipulates that the species of living organisms are dynamic and change...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Evolutionary Psychology: Violence

...unemployment and poverty levels among its citizens. Violence can be reduced by mending the child parent relationship. Parents should avoid mistreating their children and should encourage positive behaviors as they grow. They should give them quality education that will guarantee them employment and a secure future. The community at large should advocate for gender equality and discourage violence against women among society. Limiting access to fire arms and other items of destruction will help in eliminating violence. Reducing the accessibility and availability of drugs and alcohol will limit intake and violence will reduce (Liddle 33). In conclusion, identifying violent people within the society and providing them with...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Evolutionary Psychology: Evolution of Religion

...that religion developed in humans when they stood as a corporate to assist one another in development. It urges that culture stands as the back bone of large scale civilization because it engages the dynamic of communication. At the same instance, the origin of large scale cooperative human societies stands as an evolutionary mystery because individuals normally trade and cooperate with non-relatives in fleeting relations. In the second part, ‘Ordinary Cognition Produces Extraordinary Agents’, the article mainly talks about the bravery to use in personal and religious beliefs to positively impact people’s societies and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Evolutionary psychology

...the perspectives of some of the major issues in psychology. The four issues in psychology that the authors have tried to explore through the perspective of evolutionary psychology and evolutionary developmental biology are whether the mind is domain-specific or domain-general, influence of nature and nurture on human mind, whether development takes place in stages or gradually, and how the individual differences arise. Authors feel that as mainstream evolutionary psychology do not accept the ideas and tenets from evolutionary biology, its tenets have been proven wrong by empirical...
3 Pages(750 words)Literature review

Evolutionary Psychology

...be predisposed cognitively to identify incorrectly patterns in random sequences. The fallacy of gamblers is a good example of this argument. Gamblers may believe falsely that they hit lucky streak even though every outcome is in real sense random and independent or the trials held previously. From the perspective of evolutionary psychology, human beings find it easier to make predictions and diagnoses using frequency data than when that same data is presented as percentages or probabilities, presumably because the present day ancestors lived in small tribes relatively in which frequency information was available more readily (Barkow, Cosmides & Tooby, 2008). Social From...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Human Evolutionary Psychology

..., the importance of community, and many other factors can be evidenced even within our own complex and fast-paced society. As such, even though no legitimate record exists of the world at this time, a general level of inference can of course be provided. Another approach that individuals who are skeptical of evolutionary psychology oftentimes exhibit is what is referred to as a reductionism and/or determinism approach. Within such a constraint, those individuals who believe that social and psychological evolution is an ineffective measurement of current behavior and human thought processes promote the understanding that a strictly...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

WK 2 PS240 Evolutionary Psychology

..., as a result of evolution and natural selection, have been hereditarily passed down from generation to generation because they have proven to be useful to the survival of human beings. References Buss, D. (2003). Evolutionary psychology: The new science of the mind. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon, Inc. Roberts, S.C. (2012). Applied evolutionary psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.... Evolutionary Psychology Evolutionary psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on exploring and explaining that “human nature is the product of a universal set of evolved psychological adaptations to recurring problems in the ancestral...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Evolutionary Psychology Theory

...on how the human mind influences the process of natural selection. Pinker, s. (1997). Evolutionary Psychology: An Exchange by Steven Pinker, Werner Kalow, and Harold Kalant. Nybooks.com. Retrieved 21 May 2014, from http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/1997/oct/09/evolutionary-psychology-an-exchange/ This books shows an indepth analysis of the Evolution Theory. Describes the Evolutionary Theory of psychology in detail. It also states the challennges that were faced by the Evolutionary Psychologists. Pinker’s book also review the theory critically stating its strengths as well as weaknesses. In criticising the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Express your own views about issues

...in an organization. But if the management will consider the customers’ expectations when making decision, then the company will be successful. Customer’s expectations will help in making concrete decisions about the kind of project to be established. Customer’s expectations act like a foundation for a project because when it is put into consideration, the company will produce quality products and services. Customer’s expectations can be looked at in terms of internal and external customers. Internal customers are those that are involved in the process of producing a product while external customers are those that are going to use the final product. Both customers should be satisfied in their...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Using evolutionary psychology to develop your own prediction about communication for FREE!

Contact Us