Seale, C., D. Cavers and M. Dixon-Woods, (2006) Commodification of Body Parts: By Medicine or by Media, Body and Society, 12(1): 25-42 - Literature review Example

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Currently, the human body can be marketed in parts or as a whole; various professions have been on the forefront to perpetuate the idea of commodification of human body…
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Seale, C., D. Cavers and M. Dixon-Woods, (2006) Commodification of Body Parts: By Medicine or by Media, Body and Society, 12(1): 25-42
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SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW Introduction In the recent past, there has been an increasing discussion about the need for commodification of body parts. Currently, the human body can be marketed in parts or as a whole; various professions have been on the forefront to perpetuate the idea of commodification of human body parts; they include reproductive medicine, bioethics, transplant surgery as well as journalism. This paper examines the concept of commodification of human body as outlined in a journal article that was created by Clive, Debbie & Mary (Clive, Debbie & Dixon-Woods, 2006).
Aims of the article
The main aim of this document is to illustrate the evidence that is being provided for the practice of commodification of body parts. In as much as the practice of commodification of body parts has been regarded as something that violates personal, community as well as social meanings that are attached to human body (Clive, Debbie & Dixon-Woods 2006, 26). In support of this view, the article illustrates how biomedicine and bioscience are responsible for the increasing view of commodification of body parts.
Arguments for commodification
Commodification of human is regarded as an important activity applied in medical terms without people viewing it in the contradictory perspectives that the practice seems to generate. For instance, the article outlines the process where people have had to donate blood and various tissues to save the lives of other people.
According to this article, an object only becomes a commodity when it gets its use value; this is when it is subjected to a form of commercial exchange (Tumber 2004, 23). However, the case of the human body is different; here reification or objectification has to be fulfilled first. In this process, a physical and mental process is needed first to separate the body parts before becoming an object.
Mass Media and Commodification
Maas media has been criticized as a force contributing to commodification of human body parts; this is through the way they treat women; they depict a society that portrays human like potential exhibits that can bring income. Across various media, human bodies in exhibitions have portrayed evil characters that go against the norms and values of the society. According to this article, it’s still hard for many people to view the media as a significant force in commodification of body parts despite the examples available.
Strengths and weaknesses of the article
This research has been carried out with due regard to the scientific and medical contributions to the concept of commodification as it is being applied in different areas of life. It outlines various ways in which people have exchanged body organs and donated blood on various occasion without bringing in the concept of commodification (Waldby, Rosengarten & Fraser 2004, 65-6).
However, the article does not clearly provide scientific evidence to delink the cultural perspectives held against the practice. For instance, other people have continue to hold that selling body parts for diverse purposes is showing is disregarding the value of life of the concerned people.
Seale, C., D. Cavers & Dixon-Woods, S. 2006. ‘Commodification of Body Parts: By Medicine or by Media?’Body and Society. Vol 12, No 1: 25-42.
Tumber, H. 2004. ‘Scandal and Media in the United Kingdom: From Major to Blair’, American Behavioural Scientist. Vol47, No 8: 22–37.
Waldby, C., M. Rosengarten, C & Fraser S. 2004. ‘Blood and Bioidentity: Ideas about Self, Boundaries and Risk among Blood Donors and People Living with Hepatitis C’, Social Science and Medicine. Vol 59, No 1: 61–71 Read More
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