Nobody downloaded yet

Structure and Agency in Media and Culture - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The researcher of this essay aims to study the relationships between structure and agency to better understand the environments of the society, and how humans living in that structure should exercise their agency for the benefit of society. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92% of users find it useful
Structure and Agency in Media and Culture
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Structure and Agency in Media and Culture"

Download file to see previous pages The paper tells that a debate, ongoing for decades is persistent in determining the relationship between structure and agency. There is a constant struggle to bridge the structure-agency relationship void and many approaches and theories have been presented in this regard. This paper suggests that Critical Realism Theory offers a solution by presenting a practical way to encounter the problem of structure- agency relations and contexts. Whether considering the voluntary or planned actions of subjects, or micro/macro analysis of a society or individual, the debate on structure and agency relationship keeps recurring. This critical realist approach contends that structure and agency relationship must be studied in order to better understand and explain society or social actions. This ought to be accomplished to achieve a stable state of society and also to accommodate positive social change encompassing individual innovation. The Critical Theory is born with the assumption that social world needs improvement and reforms, as it is deeply flawed. This theory also refutes prediction and explanation to control the social world. The sole aim of this theory is to study the social world in order to change it for the better. It criticizes and seeks to change the imposing social order. Critical theory is political in nature as challenges and confronts the way people are ruled. It is also critical of the organizations that exercise unleashed power to obtain their goals. The theory believes that the social world is the result of interaction between structure and agency....
In order to get close to the solutions of agency-structure problem, we ought to consider the evolutionary cycles of behavior for each ontological position (Hay). The intertwined relationship between agency and structure presents many solutions in a coherent and systematic manner. Taking a different discourse to the assumption that agency and structure clearly differentiated domains and each action requires a pre-existing structure (Archer, 198), whereas the critical realist theory asserts that condition and medium of agency conduct are necessary pre-requisites for the constitution of structures. Their existence is relationally dialectical and neither can exist in isolation from the other (Hay). We are not in substantial control of the social contexts in which we live in, however it definitely requires the exercise of agency to become someone and be labeled as such (Agency Textbook, 2). The agent’s particular decisions and acts are influenced by contexts in which the decision is made. Engaging in certain acts is a result of contextual factors and our choices are a by- product of the uncontrollable contexts as we learn to want the things in relation to the contextual surroundings. Rather than an inborn source, our dreams, aspirations, and agency are intertwined with the contextual sources (Agency Textbook, 2). The dynamics of power determine the enabling and constraint of agency as one has to demonstrate a certain amount of power to exercise agency. Power is continually negotiated and shifts frequently with a multiple, decentralized, and diffused structure (Agency Textbook, 3). The complex structure of power influences agency significantly because how power is exercised on us and how we demonstrate power, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Structure and Agency in Media and Culture Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Structure and Agency in Media and Culture Essay)
“Structure and Agency in Media and Culture Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Structure and Agency in Media and Culture

Prison Culture and structure

...? The Structure and Culture of PrisonOutline Introduction An Overview: History of the Modern Prison Structure in United s The of Prison System at Present The Prison Culture Violence in Prison Sexuality, Sexual Violence and Sex Culture in Prison Conclusion Introduction The prison culture and structure of the American society includes, crime, which would basically yield a straightforward and literal implication that it is anything against the law, as an important component. A criminal act is a social disease in all its varied forms that sabotages the security of all individuals (The Lifers Public Safety Steering Committee...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Franchise - Culture and Structure

...and representation to the outside world. The core values of Ferrari includes a deep desire to provide innovation and high quality in everything it does. Ferrari has a culture that has always been rooted in research and racing. These two things define the main traditional structures and cultural system of the company and the brand. Ferrari stands for quality, and uniqueness. Clearly, the company would not have survived over the years if it had not maintained its unique position and also provided bespoke solutions to upmarket customers around the world. Another culture that has existed in Ferrari is the centralization of its operations and systems. This is rooted in the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Agency-Structure Relationship Review

...? The Agency-Structure Relationship Review (Anthony Giddens) (04.01.12) Introduction According to Anthony Giddens (1984, p.236), social life comprises of more than just individual random actions although it is not solely influenced by social forces. Putting it differently, social life is not just a sum of micro level activities and can be studied by searching for and analyzing macro level explanations. Giddens suggested that human agency and social structure are in relationships with one another and that repeating actions by individual agents produces the social structure. He held that social structure comprises of moral codes, institutions, conventions and traditional methods of doing things. Additionally, he also implied... that such...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Organizational Structure and Culture

...? Organizational Structure and Culture of the Nursing of the Concerned 4 June Organizational Structure and Culture There is no denying the fact that the culture of any organization is to a great extent dependant on its structure. The structural features of any organization tend to be formal in their scope, tend to be inflexible, tend to center around contingencies and are conceptualized and retained through documentation, and to tend to have formally or informally, well defined rewards, punishments and rights that determine the individual or group behavior in that organization (Cunneen, 2008). In the context of the topic...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Organizational Structure and Culture

...? Organizational Structure and Culture Organizational Structure and Culture The organizational structure is the formal framework for management process. An organizational chart shows the different departments and positions, and their relationships. It shows areas of responsibility, responsible people, communication channel, and formal relationships (Liebler and McConnell, 2012). It provides an effective work system, communication network, individual and organization identity, and job satisfaction. These structures supplement planning for effective management. An organization can have an informal or formal structure. A...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Agency costs and ownership structure

...Running head: Agency Costs and Ownership Structure Agency Costs and Ownership Structure: A Review of the Performance of Family-owned, Public, and Private Firms and the Effect of Ownership Changes Abstract A firm is a team effort involving several players - the owners, managers, shareholders, and lenders - that should work together to maximise the value of the firm in terms of profitability, sustainability, and performance. Recent experience, however, in the wake of business bankruptcies and scandals show that this team effort is not achieved in several cases. By analysing the ownership structure of the firm, agency theory provides an explanation for firm failure and performance. In theory, the alignment of interests between... the...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Organizational Culture and Structure

...with the Code of Conduct. They consistently identify, discuss and prevent misconduct and take consequent action against it” (Deutsche Telekom, 2009). The current organizational structure of the company, being a large group and with a lot of subsidiaries may bring good to the managers. This means greater tie-ups especially with what is now a more integrated business portfolio of the company. Managers from different subsidiaries of the company are expected to be more unified as they are now working as partners, even though they offer different but interrelated products. The culture of integration necessitates that managers be aware not only of the developments in his own area or scope but that of the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Agency Structure

...Agency Structure Task: Agency Structure Introduction The US government executes numerous activities through agencies. The government has different agencies with each agency performing specific roles. An agency may be executive or independent and their structure varies. These agencies operate under different government departments and the government mainly finances their activities. The position of these agencies influences on the country’s budget substantially. This paper, hence, surveys few agencies in the U.S government, spells out...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Structure vs. Agency

...arguing that the drafted mortgage rates are to the best of everyone’s interest. Durkheim believes that individuals would slow down the societal change and therefore there is need to manipulate change on a higher and more effective level. Durkheim would not think twice about congratulating the institutions that have been piloting the economy (Jary & Julia 774). Conclusion The debate on which culture is better between structure and agency is far from over. Each of the options has its pros and cons. However, in several areas Agency seems to be more viable than structure. This is particularly true since for the most effective type of change, the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Organizational Structure and Culture

...Organizational Structure and Culture Introduction The organizational structure of a hospital is important in determining how the nurses will execute their duties and determining how effectively their services will be. This work will use a nursing organizational chart and through it we shall address different roles played by different people in the organization. In the current nursing and hospital set ups it is very hard to find an informal nursing set up so we shall base our study on a formal organizational structure. Such an organizational structure is depicted as it uses charts that clearly show the hierarchy of responsibilities and the role of the members. Formal Organizational Structure As indicated in the earlier paragraph... in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Structure and Agency in Media and Culture for FREE!

Contact Us