Nobody downloaded yet

Habermas the Public Sphere - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Habermas the Public Sphere Name: Institution: The public sphere is a social area where people get together and discuss problems that affect them in their society. In other words, it is a site where public opinion is formed. These discussions are usually meant to influence or stir political action to address the problems…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.2% of users find it useful
Habermas the Public Sphere
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Habermas the Public Sphere"

Download file to see previous pages 1-13). According to many political theorists, the public sphere is an important entity for a strong democracy. The public and the private spheres acquired a clear distinction in the 17th and 18th century. The public sphere usually consists of informal citizen discussions and deliberations that lead to the formation of a public opinion which is rational enough to guide and influence political systems. Habermas has given a complete outline of the public sphere in The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. (1989). This piece of work outlines the public sphere critical theory in a systematically developed manner (Dahlgren, 1995, p. 44). The public sphere thus develops from the realms of public authority as well as private relations. The private relations may involve the family and the civil society at large. The private individuals, therefore, come together to form the public sphere. They are driven by the notion of speech without censorship as well as the desire for unified reasoning. According to Habermas, therefore, the public sphere involves both historical economic and political concerns. He continues to explain that every communication contains a communicative action which is oriented towards an agreement. Whenever a matter concerning living together as a people with differences is debated, the public sphere is always constituted. The public sphere became more of a commercial and entertainment entity rather than its conserving its political character. The shift from the original character to other commercialized versions is documented in the press. Habermas, therefore, looks at the integration of literature and journalism as well as the role played by mass media. The public sphere was also affected by the emergence of mass media. The apparent evolution of the communications environment has made the public sphere to change to a platform for advertisements. As a result of these, there emerges a new class of participants such as public relations practitioners (Thompson, 1993, p. 67). Democracy, according to Habermas, is founded on the world of life. It is this world of life that enables free communication between different people. It also drives people into pursuing private and individual interests as opposed to common goals in life. The media plays a crucial role in any democracy. This comes easier, of course, if the environment is right. Such an environment is one which consists of the requisite skills that enable democratic reporting. The media is most of the time flooded with advertisements that target some individual tastes. The information that is presented is also based on the pre-existing views. There should, therefore, be mechanisms which check for public accountability as well as professionalism in media operations. One of the characteristics that identify a democracy is the independence of the media. This is strengthened by the financial viability of the media organizations. Financial strength ensures that the media operates in an environment free of external influences, especially political influences (Hallin, 1994, p.12). The media is also an essential for checking the political system when that system is unable to meet the social expectations. The media is, however, not expected to entertain political bias or partisan reporting at all. Accessibility of the media ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Habermas the Public Sphere Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1451655-habermas-the-public-sphere
(Habermas the Public Sphere Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1451655-habermas-the-public-sphere.
“Habermas the Public Sphere Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1451655-habermas-the-public-sphere.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Habermas the Public Sphere

Public sphere and media : The new deal

...? Habermas and the Modern Concept of the Public Sphere Table of Contents Methodology Introduction Chapter The Public Sphere: Disputes and Alternatives 1.1 The Dispute of the Public Sphere 1.2 What are the Alternatives? Chapter 2: New Social Movements 2 2.1 A Change of Paradigm 4 2.2 The Crisis of the State 11 Chapter 3: Roles and Modes of Organization 13 3.1 Role of the Modern Citizen 14 3.1.1 The Aspect of the Development of Individual Competences 15 3.1.2 The Place of the Ideology in the Alternate Public Sphere 15 3.2 What for Who? 16 3.3 A New Deal 18 Conclusion 18 Bibliography 20...
20 Pages(5000 words)Dissertation

To what extent do the news media fulfill Habermas' definition of public sphere

...?TO WHAT EXTENT DO THE NEWS MEDIA FULFIL HABERMAS’ DEFINITION OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE? There are a variety of news media which publicize important information to the public. Each particular medium has its own advantages and disadvantages in the way in which it notifies the public major happens round the world (Marx, 2002, p. 289). These news media have been considered to promote the public sphere in many ways since they create a forum through which citizens can share their thoughts and ideas. Habermas gives his thoughts on what the public sphere means to...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Habermas Public Sphere-Market Forces or Political Forces and the Decline of the Public Sphere

...? HabermasPublic Sphere-Market Forces or Political Forces and the Decline of the Public Sphere HabermasPublic Sphere-Market Forces or Political Forces and the Decline of the Public Sphere 1.0. Introduction In his publications, Habermas brings out the concept of ‘public sphere’ as well as the meanings that emanate from the term. With various analysts and researchers having diverse views on the concept of the ‘public’ and ‘public sphere’,...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Role Of The Public Sphere

...to delve deeper into the concept itself apart from to the general consensus as far as its meaning is concerned. A public sphere seems to be characterized by three main features where the first has to do with communication in a broad sense. Thus coffee shops, public hearings, town meetings, and other places where people interact with one another face-to-face are included under this criterion. Newer forms such as newspapers, broadcast media, and new venues on the Internet can also be a part of the same where the spread of awareness to garner consensus on an issue is involved. It was in the year 1962 that the philosopher Jrgen Habermas of the renowned "Frankfurt School"...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Public sphere in Australia today

...Running Head: Public Sphere in Australia Today Public Sphere in Australia Today s of the Public Education in Australia: An Introduction In Australia legislators and educators have focused upon expanding educational prospects and to delegate power from the state to the school and classroom stage. These endeavors have been recompensed by an immense rise in the number of students who accomplished the whole secondary school program. In view of the fact that education in Australia encompasses the scope of the state or federal government, the educational system is different slightly across states and territories. Organization of Schooling Schooling in...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Habermas Theory of Public Sphere

...HABERMAS' THEORY OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE 'The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere' was written in 1962 by Jrgen Habermas and is one of his most influential works. In this book, Habermas explains the process whereby the public and private spheres were separated one from another. As a member of the Frankfurt School (although its members had very different approaches), he took the Enlightenment as a turning point. This period took place throughout the eighteenth century, until the outbreak of the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution, and it was based in the reason as the main source for progress. During this period, society underwent from a feudal system to the rise of the bourgeoisie, and then of liberalism... and the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review

Public Sphere Theory

...RATIONALITY IN PUBLIC SPHERE THEORY From the scholar perspective, public sphere represents a space where the participants of political or social process exchange their ideas, positions and discuss questions regarding "matters of general interest." Dahlgren (1995) defines public sphere as a place "where information, ideas and debate can circulate in society, and where political opinion can be formed" (p. IX). It is necessary to point out that Jrgen Habermas defines the public sphere not according to its social, economic or political structure, but based on the function it serves. That...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Structural Formation of the Public Sphere

...Why is it important for democracy to have an autonomous public sphere? Where is this public sphere to be found in America today? In your opinion, is it autonomous? Jurgen Habermas, in his book The Structural Formation of the Public Sphere, stressed the importance of a public sphere within a society. This public sphere will be the melting pot of different ideas and intellect from the citizens aiming for the welfare of the general public. In this form of communication, crucial public opinions may be formed. Modern...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Why might Livingstone and Lunts approach to infotainment be criticized from Habermas perspective on the public sphere

...to address societal issues. Refeudalization was a term use by Habermas to criticize the current state of communication and how those on power had used the state to establish dominion over the masses. In his mentioning of rationality, Habermas intended to bring out the idea that rationality was not an aspect that could be attained by a few in powers making decisions and imposing them on the masses but through public debates like the ones that were once popularized by Plato. Lack of freedom of speech and expression are just one of the many ways in which those in power are attempting to take civilization back to times of feudal system. For instance, Habermas outlined that...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Internet and the Public Sphere

...Public Sphere and the Internet As an issue to public debate, the trending technologies, alongside globalization, have takenthe world to another level. It is now indispensable that human beings cannot do without the technologies and it is perhaps what links public sphere and the internet. Needless to say, it is now possible to practice democracy online. The use of the internet is one of the widely celebrated technologies. Indeed, it cannot be disputed that internet plays a pivotal role in the contemporary society. Businesses transactions, advertisements, social networking and education, among other activities are now facilitated by the internet. Mass...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Habermas the Public Sphere for FREE!

Contact Us