The paper “A Hybrid Shape Representation: Surface Modeling” discusses the importance of surface modeling in computer-aided design. Computer Aided Design has become an integral and indispensable part of the design, analysis, and production of gadgets across the globe…
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The number of CAD systems has magnanimously risen over the recent past. Four categories described the systems, which are Wireframe CAD, Surface CAD, 2D CAD, and Solid CAD. Nonetheless, this paper narrows down its focus to solely Surface modeling although in a number of instances appropriate comparisons, more especially to solid modeling will be considered. Before delving deep in the subject, it is vital to highlight what surface modeling is all about.
According to Allègre et al. (2010), surface modeling generates a model which has minimally ambiguous representation as compared to wireframe although non-comparable to solid modeling which often provides an increasingly realistic perspective. Surfaces and curves are often at the center of their construction. This is a definitional approach accepted by (Lin, Ball, & Zheng, 2008) who nonetheless simplifies it by defining surface modeling as a component’s skin, inclusive of the surfaces and edges. Put in another way, surface models are three-dimensional (3D) models which lack thickness (Tobias, 2009). An important thing which should be emphasized about surface modeling is its representation of not just the surfaces and edges but the shape design as well. Engineers define as surface as a mathematical presentation of the skin of a component. Generally, B-Splines and Beizer mathematical methods are common tools in controlling curves when undertaking surface modeling. Basically, surface models have neither thickness nor volume and their construction starts with the construction of wireframe entities which are then corrected appropriately using a relevant surfacing technique. A sample surface model illustrated below:
It is important not to confuse surface models with thick models which have some mass properties in them. As earlier mentioned, surface models have no thickness at all, as compared to the thick and solid.
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Surface Analysis in Material Science
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1. Dynamic Secondary Ion...
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