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Geographic Information Systems and Technologies - Case Study Example

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This paper under the title "Geographic Information Systems and Technologies" focuses on the fact that a GIS is a modern device that assists in the data capture, storage, and subsequent data management and analysis of spatial earth data and information. …
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Geographic Information Systems and Technologies
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Download file to see previous pages Sir John had used directions for places which were affected by the disease and some other individual cases. This directional map assisted the doctors to find out the exact cause of infection, which was in this case – an infected water pump and therefore, preventive measures were taken up instantly, (Foresman, 1997). This concept of collecting all relevant case information on a directional map and then analyzing the data was the basis for the Geographical Information systems.
 The factual image or the current form of the Geographical information systems came in the year 1962 when it was developed by Dr Roger Tomlinson, a research scientist working with the Federal Department of Rural Development, Canada. This system was invented under the supervision of the Land inventory department of FDRD, Canada, which used it to collect and evaluate land information in Ontario, (Chang, 2008). This information was to be utilized for the purpose of soil study, plantation, land vegetation and other forestation studies.
The basic features of this first Geographical information systems model consisted of mapping, layer superimposing, sizing, levelling and scanning.  This model also boasted of a coordinate system that could easily interlink any area on the globe and rescale as per requirements. The utilization of layer superimposition and overlaying in the case of extending the method of spatial analysis of geographical data was also provided in this model of GIS. In spite of these relevant utilities, this model was never marketed and sold for commercial intentions.  
However, during the late 1980s, the first commercial model of Geographical information system was developed by the M&S Computing research Institute based on the integration of the two models (Sir John Snow and Dr Roger Tomlinson).
This model was intended for marketing and selling purposes and had the latest technique of spatial attribution and organizing of data with the help of database structures.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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