Nobody downloaded yet

Propaganda as Effective Arms in Information War - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The research paper “Propaganda as Effective Arms in Information War” highlights a change of concepts that stand for the term “propaganda”. Initially, the Roman Catholic Church used it as a neutral concept, then in the 20th century, propaganda became a means of manipulating the mass consciousness…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.8% of users find it useful
Propaganda as Effective Arms in Information War
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Propaganda as Effective Arms in Information War"

Download file to see previous pages Jowett and O’Donnell (2006) defined propaganda as “a form of communication that attempts to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of a propagandist” (p. 1). The full Jowett and O’Donnell’s definition of propaganda is that it is “the deliberate, systematic attempt to shape perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behavior to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist”.
In propaganda, elements of informative and persuasive communication are combined and this characteristic distinguishes propaganda as a specific class of communication (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 1). In the most neutral sense, propaganda means to disseminate or promote ideas (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 2). In Latin, it only means “to propagate” or “to sow” (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 2). However, the propaganda of the Roman Catholic Church in opposing the spread of Protestantism resulted to the loss of neutrality in the word “propaganda” and the word has acquired a pejorative meaning (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 2). The other terms which are considered “synonyms for propaganda are lies, distortion, deceit, manipulation, mind control, psychological warfare, brainwashing, and palaver” (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 2-3). In addition, in the early 21st century and even earlier, the terms that imply propaganda included “spin” and “news management” (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 3). “Spin” is associated with the manipulation of political information while “news management” covers even non-political matters (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 3). Propaganda is often used as the catch-all term for all suspicious rhetoric (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 3). It is also the description for organized persuasion by large organizations employing poor, non-existent, or flawed logic (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2006, p. 3).
According to Standler (2005), the tools employed by propaganda includes name-calling, glittering generalities, transfers, testimonial, plain folks, card stacking, band-wagon, an insistence of only a binary choice, and pejorative labels. These tools, however, works on the mind. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Propaganda as Effective Arms in Information War Research Paper, n.d.)
Propaganda as Effective Arms in Information War Research Paper. Retrieved from
(Propaganda As Effective Arms in Information War Research Paper)
Propaganda As Effective Arms in Information War Research Paper.
“Propaganda As Effective Arms in Information War Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Propaganda as Effective Arms in Information War


...Your 09 February Propaganda Propaganda is publicizing selected information in an organized way, which is regarded as misleading or dishonest. It is often used in opposition to government, to tarnish corporate image, the church, in politicking and against a popular or prominent person (Oxford University Press, 1995). This practice has been long established especially in times of war and in some countries during election. Propaganda is used today as it was in the past. However, it has taken many turns in that it is now used in elections (politics) in many countries all over the world to convince the electorate to vote as well as in advertising products....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Propaganda and War Document Analysis

...or that they have the capability to do so. Combined with this capability, the Soviet Union further has “hostile intentions” and the American propaganda goes to denounce the “evil that is the soviet system”. Point 16 of the document states that “The risk of war with the USSR is sufficient to warrant, in common prudence, timely and adequate preparation by the United States” even though it’s sub point (a) states clearly that “Even though present estimates indicate that the Soviet leaders probably do not intend deliberate armed action involving the United States at this time”. A contradiction with a document that is so visible is the surest indication of propaganda – which...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay


...? Propaganda (a) Propaganda refers to the different means that media is used to inform people in the society about different issue in different life related fields. Propaganda might take different forms in its way to convey the right information to the targeted audience. The means or form of propaganda depends in the type of information to be conveyed and the targeted audience in that given field. Propaganda information can be conveyed through use of bill boards, posters, television, radios and other informative ways. This paper would dwell majorly on posters and the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

American Patriotism During World War One

...also many companies which produced wartime materials. The American government established many companies which ensured sufficient supply of fire arms used by the soldiers during the World War 1. Many people including women who wanted to proof patriotic to the country participated in these companies and the in the war as well. The use of propaganda posters was the most effective way the government could encourage their citizens to show their patriotism and participation in the war. The propaganda provided the people with the information which motivated them to support the war, and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...? Propaganda Insti Propaganda Introduction Propaganda is simply the information spread deliberately in order to harm an individual, an institution, a group of people, or even a government. The cultural dictionary defines propaganda as legal and official communications of the government to the public in order to influence them politically. The images associated to propaganda found in this course highlight some of the instances of practice of propaganda. This images include, the image displayed in the third lesson about the young imitating Hitler’s steps and actions, what the Chinese postage stamp implicated in relation to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

World War I Propaganda

..."World War I Propaganda" In April 1917, the U.S.A. entered World War I and within no time produced many propaganda posters. These posters were to encourage the civilians to take the war seriously and to encourage them to support their soldiers for their small requirements so that they can fight at the front with ample of resources and with peace of mind. These posters included messages for recruitment to the various armed services, along with the means to raise war funds, to save food for the soldiers at the front. These posters were made to motivate the mass of America to eat those food products that cannot be given to...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

A Call to Arms: Roosevelts War Message

...YOUR FULL YOUR A Call to Arms: Roosevelt's War Message In his famous speech to the United s' Congress on December 8, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a call to arms that remains a significant example of leadership under extreme duress. Unknowingly, perhaps, Roosevelt's inspiration would have ramifications beyond his era, even to the present day. The document itself is the text of the speech that the President gave after the Japanese bombing of the American military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.1 Its accuracy is easily verified by congressional record and historical scholarship, as well as radio recordings of the speech. In terms of the historical context, this speech was...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

World War II propaganda posters

...World War II Propaganda Posters Outline Introduction Thesis: World War II propaganda posters persuaded Americans to feel strongly about the war effort. American propaganda posters against the Japanese. Propaganda posters against the Japanese were in partial response to Japanese PSYOPS against the United States (Friedman 2003). Propaganda against the Japanese focused on the bombing of Pearl Harbor (Navarro 2000). Propaganda against the Japanese centered on the idea that the Japanese were subhuman or second-rate (Navarro 2000). Justification for Chinese internment camps were part of...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay


... Prof’s http The above four images are all propaganda posters: the first two from the first World War, and the second two from the Second World War. They come from two different time periods, and were also for two different goals. The above two posters were recruiting posters from WWI, which attempted to influence men to enlist in the armed services. They did so by helping men to define themselves as defenders of the women and children they left behind, creating the myth of strong men defending weak women, which would appeal to the egos of young men. Furthermore, they put significant pressure on women to not try to stop men in their lives from enlisting, by implying... (Gullace...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...307). Moreover, propaganda creates confusion when the message conveyed to the audience is incomplete. As such, it has contributed to rise of conflicts in the societies. The use of propaganda is not a new concept in the society. Records indicate that civilizations used it in communication during the 15th century. It began as a mode of communication within the religious circles in which the ancient Roman Catholic Church had a wing for spreading information concerning their doctrines to the masses. They had intended to convince people to disregard other religious practices. The organization was opposed to secular practices. Governments adopted its use in the Second World...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Propaganda as Effective Arms in Information War for FREE!

Contact Us