Fraud activities have in the recent times increased as many people are desperate and are engaging themselves in crime as they try to make ends meet and hence participating in the acts of fraud in their work places and other institutions…
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Fraud prevention includes acts such as scheming corporate fraud policies, introducing internal audit departments, implementing internal controls and whistle-blower systems. The strategic method of fraud is an efficient technique to detect and illustrate both known and unidentified frauds. When implemented proactively to identify unknown fraud, it depicts laser-like precision that allows for much more efficient investigation. (Sanjay Goel. 2010). Cyber terrorism threat Cyber terrorism is the act of illegally accessing computers and information chiefly via the internet to create physical harm or severe disturbance of infrastructure. Cyber terrorism could scholarly be defined as “The premeditated use of disruptive activities, or the threat thereof, against computers and/or networks, with the intention to cause harm or further social, ideological, religious, political or similar objectives or to intimidate any person in furtherance of such objectives.” Efforts of dealing with cyber terrorism Agencies that deal with fraud such as Interpol and the FBI are doing a great job in fighting against cyber terrorism. Interpol in its part is assisting all the member countries and training their personnel to equip themselves with the current trends and forms of fighting cyber terrorism. The Council of Europe Convention on Cyber Crime, which is the first international treaty for fighting against computer crime, is the product of a 4 years work by experts from the 45 member and non-member states that include Japan, USA and Canada. The treaty has already imposed after its endorsement by Lithuania on 21st of March 2004. (Achkoski, J., & Dojchinovski, M. 2011) How to try to avoid cyber terrorism With the ever changing trends in the cyber technology sector, there are no foolproof methods to protect a system. To say that you have a completely secure system, then it means that it can never be accessed by anyone. Even in most military set up, top secret information is kept on servers with no outside connection as a form of deterrence of cyber terrorism. Another common way that cyber terrorism can be avoided apart from such isolation is encryption. The wide spread use of encryption is repressed by most states ban on its exportation thus its intercontinental communication is left somewhat unsecured. (Kapodistria, H., & Christos D. 2011) Other internet users tend to encourage the use of firewalls to screen all communications to a system including e-mail messages, which may carry “logic bombs.” Firewall is a somewhat generic phrase for methods of filtering admittance to a network. Firewalls tend to define the services and access that is allowed to each user. Judicial repercussions on cyber threats Since the Internet "is a cooperative venture not owned by a single entity or government, there are no centralized rules or laws governing its use?” The lack of geographical restrictions may give rise to a state of affairs where an act that may be deemed legal in one country turns out to be illegal in the other. (Jewkes, Y., & Yar, M. 2010). In general, most internet users tend to relate to the following "theories" under which a country may assert regulatory jurisdiction: (a) A country may assert jurisdiction based on "objective territoriality" when an illegal activity occurs within the country. (b) A country may assert jurisdiction based on the nationality of the wrong doer. (c) A country may assert jurisdiction based on the right to defend the nation's sovereignty when faced with terrorization acknowledged as serious in the international community. Conclusion The predicament of cyber terrorism and fraud is involves many
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The dependence on IT networks is a defining feature of most industries in today’s world. The corporate sector, the banking and financial sector, the marketing sector and even the entertainment industry are all globally integrated via the internet. The global internet, in recent times forms the backbone of business and knowledge sourcing, sales and marketing, banking and finance, strategy management and many more systems.
Collin and defined by the technolytic institute as The premeditated use of disruptive activities, or the threat thereof, against computers and/or networks, with the intention to cause harm or further social, ideological, religious, political or similar objectives.
Thus, the question arises: Is cyber law really effective in stopping crime? Can we depend on the Cyber laws? Can it give us the protection that we require? To answer all this questions, we have to undergo a thorough analysis of the definition and meaning of terms like cyber law and cyber crime, the enactments that make up cyber law, the different types of cyber crime, the outcomes of the cyber laws etc., and finally conclude the effectiveness and reliability of cyber laws.
The world has become a global village after rapid developments and advancements in information and communication technology, media resources, transportation, and networking. The interaction and coordination among people has improved tremendously in last 3 decades after the advent of internet and use of desktop PCs and laptop notebooks.
20 5Risk Involved in information warfare 23 6Safeguards from Attacks 26 Military approach to cyber warfare safeguard strategy 27 Governmental and industrial approach to cyber defense 31 Cyber warfare technical and economic defense measures 33 Technical: 33 Economic 34 7Disaster Recovery Planning 34 8Future of Information warfare and cyber security 36 9Conclusion 38 Bibliography 41 Abstract In the last few decades there has been a revolutionary change in the field of warfare, where computer has turned out be a major player.
The emergence and widespread use of the Internet globally has made this medium vulnerable to various threats and acts of violations of both personal and organizational privacy and security. Termed as cyber terrorism, the definition of which was revealed to have spurred difficulties in taxonomies, its meaning is hereby quoted by Gordon as: “Cyber terrorism is the convergence of terrorism and cyberspace.
Computers have been the basis of operations in various institutions ranging from corporate to government organizations. Computers have been very instrumental in communication, transactions, storage of files and data, as well detecting certain malicious activities.
According to studies, cyber crimes have the potential of harming a nation’s security system and its financial well-being if these criminal levels escalate. In many cases, these cyber crimes include copyright infringement, underage pornography, government cracking, and child grooming.
Another example is when James von Brunn killed a security guard at a memorial museum in Washington DC (Bjelopera, 2013). These examples show that domestic terrorism still poses a significant threat to the American society. The number of hate groups and the
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