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Thus politeness being a universal communication phenomenon it reflects particular cultural values that come with or rather which are linked to diverse cultures. Being a relatively vital aspect in cross-cultural communication, politeness enables people from different cultures to establish, consolidate or maintain harmonious interpersonal relations that reduce misunderstandings and conflicts in the society.
A snapshot on various aspects of politeness in the two cultures, Chinese and English, depicts that the rules of communication differ as they are influenced by the values and beliefs of individuals from these communities. For instance, the English people always address others according to their genders; Mr., Mrs., Miss and Ms, followed with a surname, depending on age and marital status. On the other hand, the Chinese address people using a surname and the title of the occupation; “Wang yi sheng” to mean Doctor Wang, “Lee xiao zhang” to mean Principal Lee and “shi fu” can be used to address strangers. In addition, the Chinese culture, especially for children, “shushu” and “a yi” are always used to address uncle and aunty respectively.
Another aspect of politeness in the two cultures is farewell and greetings. Whenever the English people meet, they always use phrases like “Nice to meet you,” “Good Morning,” “Good evening” and “Good afternoon.” For the Chinese, the phrase “ni hao” is always used whenever people meet. Moreover, when the China people meet their acquaintances, one can say “qu na li” to ask where one is going or “chi le ma?” to ask whether one has eaten or not. Thus, whenever an native speaker of English hear the Chinese phrases, he or she might interpret them as invitation lunch or dinner and any other interference in their personal affair.
I met one of my colleagues, an English speaker on my way to a restaurant. I was
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Confucianism is a philosophy rather than a religion. Yet when religions are studied, the teachings of Confucius are considered as part of the religious beliefs of East Asians together with Buddhism and Taoism. Confucian teachings are a complete ideology and span topics that are as diverse as human relations , the role of government in society and a complete set of principles concerning education, learning and filial responsibilities.
He exhibited philosophical knowledge concerning life and governance. He sought to establish a way of life that exhibited a high morality level in his efforts to bring about a restoration of the moral code that a preceding leader Zhou had established. This master did not regard himself as an individual possessing a higher level of intelligence.
higher form of moralism and they believe that man is the center of this mundane world while Taoism has questioned the values that Confucianism follows (HWS, 2007). While Confucianism deals with the practical and the earthly, Taoism deals with the esoteric and the heavenly
The roles of men and women in society, and their attitudes towards right and wrong are pointers to the way gender and sexuality were viewed by these societies. Importance is therefore given to the way a society or
However, I was surprised to learn that unlike many religions who claim that spiritual evolution is better achieved in solitude, Confucianism points out that there is no need to go to a secluded place to discover God. I believe that this is a rather