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German Syntax - Essay Example

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Standard German is therefore the variety used in this paper, which will provide a brief discussion on German syntax. The paper "German Syntax" will be divided into sections starting discussing the word order, negation constructions and finally interrogatives in German language…
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German Syntax

Download file to see previous pages... 2.0 Word Order2.0 Word Order German is considered an SVO language (Fagan 146), which means that the underlying word order is Subject-Verb-Object in a phrase. 1)   Seine     Mutter    trinkt Whisky.            [subj-his mother]     [verb-drink]  [obj-whisky]       His mother drinks whisky.   (Collins 175)Sentence 1 demonstrates the most common word order in German; it is a declarative sentence and has only one main clause (Weyerts et al. 216). So the verb is in second position in a sentence that is complete and can stand alone; in other words in an independent clause. Weyerts et al. claim that “it is always a finite verb or auxiliary that appears in second position, and it only appears there in main clauses” (216).Double clause sentences are constructed in a similar way. If two independent or main clauses are joined with a conjunction, the word order remains as SVO in both clauses. Sentence 2 is an example of two independent clauses joined with a conjunction.  2)   Wir             wollten              ins     Kino,                aber       wir           hatten [subj-we] [verb-wanted] [indir. obj- to cinema] [conj-but] [subj-we] [verb-had] kein    Geld[direct obj-no money] ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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