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Personality, Learning, and Communication Styles - Coursework Example

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The paper "Personality, Learning and Communication Styles" aims to investigate the communication theories that might be used by the managers of the companies. It discusses the importance of knowledge of personality styles, communication styles, and learning styles in good leadership…
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Personality, Learning, and Communication Styles
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Download file to see previous pages There are a number of personality theories that have been proposed by different authors so far. One of the most commonly referred personality theory is the trait theory. Traits are certain specific dimensions of personality that are continuous in nature (Monte, 1995; Kasschau, 1985). Allport (cited in Monte, 1995) ordered various traits in three hierarchical levels, namely, cardinal trait, central trait, and secondary trait. The three hierarchical levels are explained as follows:

Cardinal traits: Cardinal traits are referred to certain specific traits that shape and have a dominating effect on the manners of an individual. Such traits have been placed by the author at the highest level of the hierarchy and are referred to as master traits for controlling the personality of an individual. However, it is noteworthy that such traits are rare and extreme and can have an impact so strong that it may completely define an individual’s life. Examples of cardinal traits can be greed, altruism, and ambition.

Central traits: The central traits occupy the second-highest level in the trait hierarchy defined by Allport. These characteristics are found in different persons in varying quantities. These traits are referred to as common building blocks that have a major impact on an individual’s behavior. Examples of central traits can be honesty, dedication, sensitivity, and generosity.

Secondary traits: The secondary traits are placed at the lowest level of the hierarchy and are exhibited under specific circumstances. Secondary traits are largely individualistic with respect to its features. These traits are activated by certain stimuli and can explain the rationale behind certain behavior of an individual that is different from the person’s other behaviors. Preference and attitude can be considered as secondary traits (Monte, 1995; Kasschau, 1985). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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