Free

Four traditional approaches - Admission/Application Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
These are scientific management, job enlargement/job rotation, job enrichment, and the job characteristics theory. In this paper, the four approaches will be described and compared.
The first…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.6% of users find it useful
Four traditional approaches
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Four traditional approaches"

Approaches to Job Design Introduction The four approaches to job design were introduced in the 20th century in America. These are scientific management, job enlargement/job rotation, job enrichment, and the job characteristics theory. In this paper, the four approaches will be described and compared.
The first approach is the scientific management which focuses on the specialization and simplification on work. This approach is used mainly for jobs that are scientifically-specific such as engineers. In this design, the workers do not need to analyze or think about the tasks as they are permanent and instructed already mostly with a repetitive nature. Workers in these jobs tend to be experts of their duties as they have to repeat the work and leads to effective and speedy productive (DuBrin, 2011). However, it limits the workers to explore themselves, their thoughts, and creativity. This approach is rarely used in the modern businesses as they focus on motivating employees through job rotation or job enrichment.
In order to eliminate the boredom that scientific management of jobs can cause, two other methods have been introduced; job enlargement and job rotation. In this approach, there is no repetition and workers are given a chance to stay motivated and productive (Pinder, 2014). Job enlargement is where workers are given increased number of tasks instead of just one task. Workers are given other tasks related to their work so that they have variety and there is no specification. Job rotation is the approach in which the workers are given different tasks related to the same department. They are rotated from time to time so that there is no repetition.
Job enrichment is different from scientific management and job rotation as it involved a vertical responsibility. This approach is used to motivate the employees by giving them more responsibility other than their ordinary duties. They are given managerial tasks and supervising tasks along with their work so that they are more recognized. This approach is commonly used in modern businesses where workers are given more challenging and creative jobs that keep them motivated. It gives the workers more responsibility towards planning, managing, and decision-making. Unlike the first two approaches, this has proven to be more motivating and productive. It contributes to human satisfaction and task efficiency, and also a greater scope for personal achievement (DuBrin, 2011).
The job characteristics theory is a model which is introduced by Hackman & Oldham. In this model it was outlined that every worker would respond differently to the same job and their levels of motivations will depend on the types of job attributes and their individual attributes. There are five types of job attributes that can change and affect employee motivation; skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback. These can impact the individual and psychological attributes of each worker in three areas; experienced meaningfulness, experienced responsibility for outcomes, and knowledge of the actual results (Pinder, 2014). This model is popularly used as it focuses on the flexibility of the tasks and the workers’ psychological states. The jobs are designed in accordance to these elements and they improve productivity and efficiency. It is different from all other straight forward job design approaches.
References
DuBrin A. (2011). Essentials of Management. Cengage Learning
Pinder C. (2014). Work Motivation in Organizational Behavior. Psychology Press Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Four traditional approaches Admission/Application Essay”, n.d.)
Four traditional approaches Admission/Application Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1672849-four-traditional-approaches
(Four Traditional Approaches Admission/Application Essay)
Four Traditional Approaches Admission/Application Essay. https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1672849-four-traditional-approaches.
“Four Traditional Approaches Admission/Application Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1672849-four-traditional-approaches.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Four traditional approaches

Four stories

...? Analyses of four short stories The blind men and the elephant In this fable, we find few blind men examining different parts of an elephant, and later when they began to discuss their experiences, none could agree with the other.  Each insisted that his perspective was correct, and soon a fighting ensued, in order to establish as to whose version was correct. Here, we find an interesting dimension, where we cannot disregard any of the blind men’s views. The elephant does indeed have a body that seem like walls, its ears are shaped like huge fans, its trunk akin to that of tree trunk, and its feet indeed resemble the pillars of a house or a temple. So each man was correct from the own perspective, yet each were also...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Compare and contrast the Four Leader-centric Approaches

...Compare and contrast the four leader-centric approaches with the four group centric approaches Table of Contents Introduction 3 FOUR LEADER CENTRIC APPROACHES 3 Amoralism and Reason 3 Traits and Virtues 4 Exceptionalism and Relativism 5 Self-Interest and Power 5 FOUR GROUP- CENTRIC APPROACHES 6 Consent and Permission 6 Moral Particularity and Membership 6 Circumstances and Situations 7 Leadership Ethics 7 COMPARITIVE ANALYSIS 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 Introduction Leadership means influencing people. It signifies creating a change in the society and in the minds of people and directs...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Traditional Cultures

...Traditional Cultures Report All traditional cultures are susceptible to change due to a variety of factors that encourage the acceptance of new tools and ideas (O'Neil 1). Some of these factors include changes in the environment, contact or interaction between societies, and other forces at work within a community. Nevertheless, Haviland, Prins, McBride and Walrath (363) argue that culture change is mostly unplanned or unforeseen; hence, all changes are not adaptive or positive. Culture change may lead to innovation where new ideologies and technologies are introduced to the society or culture loss where traditional cultural patterns are replaced by new cultures such as in marriage....
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Role of Relationship Marketing in Online and Traditional Marketing Approaches

...major telecom operators. Virgin Mobile has more than four million customers in the UK alone and has branched out in USA, Australia, Canada, France as well as emerging markets like India. Virgin Mobile has been successful in every country because it understands its market, being aware of the demands of the customers and how to deliver its services to them. It has used right marketing approaches that fit well with its young consumer base. Unlike its technology driven competitors, Virgin Mobile adopted a customer driven approach while attempting to build relationship with the customers. The use of both traditional and online marketing has been executed well by the mobile...
31 Pages(7750 words)Dissertation

Traditional Marketing

...Case Study Traditional Marketing Gives Way to Relationship Marketing Traditional Marketing Most buying and selling activities in the old days were characterized by traditional marketing, the direct response approach that enjoyed its heyday until the 1960s. It promotes products and services through advertisements or promotional materials placed on outdoor billboards, radio and TV, trade shows and direct mail. In this way, marketing is directed at attracting customers to products or services, using the "functional department-store approach." (Wikipedia) This means observing the four P's of the marketing mix - pricing, product...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

The Four Gospels and their Traditional Authors

...The Four Gospels and their Traditional None of the four canonical Gospels identify their by within their text. Early Church tradition, however, associated each of the Gospels with a character mentioned elsewhere in the New Testament. As a result, the authorship of the Gospels, as well as the textual interrelations that undeniably exist between them in terms of their sources, has become an important issue in scholarly discussion of the New Testament. In particular, the close agreement of Matthew and Luke with Mark, and, where they differ with Mark, with each other, establishes some sort of dependency among them, hence they are called the Synoptic Gospels, while John has a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Traditional family

...Traditional Family Traditional family comprises of husband, wife, children, grandparents, uncles, aunts and any other relative who might not have a blood relationship with the family. A traditional family was respected even today it is still recognized and respected by all persons. Similar values in terms of reliability, security and provision of better opportunities for their family motivate traditional family life. Even though family life has changed, family values have always remained the same. For sure we all need the love and support of our relatives either from immediate or extended family. In traditional family, they relied on what the man...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Four

...Preferential Groups for the Individual Types of Measles Vaccine MMR Vaccine Healthcare workers 2) International travelers 3) in post-secondary education facilities 4) Individuals who have recently been exposed to an outbreak 5) Military recruits Single live vaccine 1) Infants above the age of 12 months 2) Recommended for all immunocompetent individuals Killed Measles vaccine This vaccine contains the killed virus, and thus no risk of viral pathogenicity. 1) Immunocompromised individuals 2) Individuals suffering from hematological disorders (Leukemia) Individuals who should not be immunized As a general rule, every person should be immunized as is necessary and applicable. Some individuals cannot be immunized due to physical... Groups for the ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Traditional china

...Medicine and Healing in Traditional China The history of China has been written on different fronts. While it has focused on a wide range of issues in all the spheres of life, one aspect of the traditional China that remains interesting is traditional healing and medicine. In traditional China, the basis was basically on the individual treatment. One had to be very cautious about his or her health. It is against this background that traditional medicine came into the picture. There were two distinct elements that determined an individual’s health status. One of such was that the body had parts that basically supported one another. None, therefore, could...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Traditional Challenge

...Traditional Challenge Introduction Guanxi is one of the oldest histories of Chinese meaning relationship. It usually stands for any type of relationship. In the Chinese business history, it can also refer to a network of relationships that various business organizations use to support one another. Many people in china who do business usually help each other in a way that, “You scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours." This is an important thing that one has to understand if need be to perform business in china. Guanxi Guanxi system is an important way of doing things as in China, Guanxi makes all the difference. It is a good way of doing business and this has gotten China to being successful in that part. Most of the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Admission/Application Essay on topic Four traditional approaches for FREE!

Contact Us