The methodology that is used in management research should be justifiable in terms of yielding more accurate and believable results. Therefore, validity, reliability and generalisation should be considered when…
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In addition, the essay provides recommendations, which include a series of questions that could be incorporated into a questionnaire aimed at finding out why post graduate students choose to study HRM.
In management research, validity, reliability and generalisation should be addressed in research with a lot of caution because it is tricky to distinguish them precisely. For instance, validity is defined as the relationship between test results on research with other objectives that the study seeks to achieve or measure (Wainer & Braun, 2013: 40). Therefore, researchers should clearly outline their research objectives. On the other hand, Schensul, LeCompte and Schensul (1999: 271) define reliability as the consistency of research results and the ability of such results to be replicated by other researchers.
It is worthy to note that a measure may be reliable, but such a measure’s reliability does not ensure its validity (Rubin & Babbie, 2010: 87). It is imperative that business and management researchers should consider reliability and validity separately. This is because reliability is about consistency while validity is about truthfulness in measures (Jackson, 2013: 90).
On the other hand, seeking to ensure reliability in management may distort the purpose of a study. This is because a researcher will design a measurement tool or process that will ensure the results obtained from such a study will be replicated by other researchers. This leads to a researcher’s slight deviation from the original purpose of the study, which may in turn, adversely affect validity.
Separately, generalisation may be used in businesses and management research to contribute to theory. Therefore, in consideration of generalisation, management research should be designed so that it is properly conversant with theory to contribute to
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What concerns would you have in applying each of these instruments for research in a new population? How would you address these concerns if you were to use either of these instruments in research? (500 words) There are two concepts which will be analyzed here comparing and contrasting the confirmatory factors of validity and reliability between two articles.
Acceptability and trust are highly associated with the reality, what is seen or observed or measured, the information given and what the human logic could readily understand or perceive (Nooteboom, 2002; Damer, 2008; Carter, 2009). It is in line with this that reliability and validity are strongly linked with each other through a certain level of acceptability and trust.
Human services research, like every other research, is based on a set of propositions and concepts. In order to operationally define concepts we need to measure them. The process of measurement begins with the fundamental question “What has to be measured?
The paper is aimed to define and to discuss the concepts of reliability and validity in the research process. These concepts are considered statistically significant in proving data in research to be able to be accepted as scientific truth. Reliability defines the high level of trust on the recorded data thus can be repeated and replicated.
Social workers, youth counselors, and psychologists may all be considered to be human service providers. Professionals in the human services sector are greatly aided by experimental and other types of research. The researchers who offer this information are sometimes also a frontline service provider.
Personality tests are used in other areas such as individual and relationship counseling, as well as career planning and the development of the already existing employees in an organization (House & Johnson, 2002). Personality testing includes the presentation of some tests or questions to individuals, who then responds to such questions based on a rated scale, depending on how such items of the tests reflects their personal behavior.
Theoretical knowledge for the modern nurses is of high importance, because it leads to a personal development and self-perfection of a nurse. Modern scientific paradigms in nursing are triggering nurses’ learning: “there is nothing to be gained from the use of alternative terms which, on analysis, often prove to be identical to the traditional terms of reliability and validity” (Long & Johnson 2000, p.
r procedural test, reliability is the extent to which the measure used produces similar results after repeated trials (Lyberg, Biemer, Collins, Leeuw, Dippo, Schwarz, and Trewin, 1997). Research will never be fully reliable but the extent to which individual results remain similar over time signal the reliability of information.
It measures the extent to which tests or procedures assess the same characteristic, skill or quality. It is a measure of the precision between the observers or of the measuring instruments used in a study. It refers to how well all the test items relate to each other.
The ICI questionnaire is an adaptation of Duttweiler's 28 item inventory (Duttweiler, 2004). It is a measure of a person's belief in how much control they possess in their own life. The two extremes are those who believe they possess complete control in determining what they receive in life (the Internals), and those who believe that they have absolutely no control (the Externals).
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