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Selective Literature Review - Assignment Example

Many times, the reasons why organizations do not realize their goals is not due to low pay or bad working conditions, even though these type of issues do occur, but because of a demoralized workforce. That is why most companies use so much money to ensure that their employees are motivated through recreational events as well as training sessions. Human Resource Theories All the decisions that affect employees in any business are of utmost significance to the human resource function. Human resource management may include issues such as achieving better compensation packages for attaining specific goals. Any time that an organization chooses to change the pay system for its workforce, there will be changes in employee perceptions of their own organizations (Sledge, Miles and Coppage, 2008). Herzberg’s Hygiene theory is one theory that deals with the importance of remuneration. According to this theory, certain conditions have to be implemented if workers are to remain motivated to realize organizational goals. Herzberg labeled these conditions as hygiene factors. In the absence of these hygiene factors, the workers will not be motivated and this can affect the performance of a company. Herzberg's two factor theory recommends encouraging workers to realize organizational goals by giving them adequate salaries, and ensuring that they work in good and safe conditions. Pension schemes and pays for days on leave also allow the workers to feel that they are valued by the organization. The hierarchy

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But considering how deeply the world is connect and interconnected, only linguistic understanding is no more enough. One also needs to have good cross-cultural skills and understanding (Robinson, 1988), and behave in a manner that is courteous not only in their own country, but also across other borders.
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Importantly, to accomplish these tasks, there has to be optimum coordination, cooperation and communication between all these departments. Departments in an organization cannot function without flow of information from other departments, and has to coordinate, cooperate and communicate through one channel or other.
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It usually presents itself as terminal manifestation of various cardiac diseases, and it affects people in an advanced age. According to statistics available, CHF affects close to 5,000,000 people living in America and leads to more than 286,700 deaths annually.
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According to Bae and Lawler (2000), Guthrie (2001) and Boxall and Macky (2007), human resource department has evolved from being a mere operational unit to become strategic driver for improving overall performance of organizations. Gratton and Truss (2003) and Gong et al (2009) argued that the HRM functions have certain power indexes such as people management, employee satisfaction, performance measurement etc which can drive the organizational performance.
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Organizations are forced to adapt to it for them to be successful in the industry this is because there are constant changes in the environment. Changes that organizations and companies adopt include downsizing,
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One error is the influence of the perspectives of evaluators on the process. A second error is the lack of a specific evaluation model, which is fully researchable. The other error is the inclination towards
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The psychological and physical effects of psychoactive drugs usually culminate in the debate of whether or not their use should be legalized or their use should be further restricted. This review’s major concern is to reveal the proven effects that they have above
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lationship between personality traits and academic achievements and that each of the criterion used in measuring personality traits influence academic success differently. b. The impact of neuroticism was found to be focused on academic satisfaction, whiles conscientiousness
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ibited excellence and good results over the years is the due to the fact that the HCT as a learning institution attracts the best talent in the country in terms of lecturers. Additionally, the college has strived in the past to offer the best and reputable education and learning
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A., & McCann, R. M. (2015). A longitudinal examination of the effects of self perceived leader–member dyadic communication differentiation and perceived group member performance: Does ethnicity make a difference?.International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 47,
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theory, developed by Abraham Maslow, is another theory that addresses the importance of catering to the needs of employees in order to accomplish organizational goals. Maslow’s need hierarchy theory asserts that workers are motivated when different groups of essential needs are realized. First comes the satiation of primary needs such as food and shelter, and then comes the desire to be recognized. The fifth and last stage is the need for each worker to actualize his or her personal vision (Gelade and Ivery, 2003). The workers’ progress through the different stages is dependent on how well they meet the needs of the former stage. To ensure a smooth progress, organizations have to make sure that their employees’ needs are realized at each level to make this possible. Organizational managers can realize the physiological needs of their workers by offering wages that are adequate so that their workers may be able to cater for their own primary needs (Armstrong, 2006). Safety needs, on the other hand, can be catered for by availing retirement benefits, job security, and making sure that the working environment is safe.  Social needs, which come at the third stage, can be tackled by encouraging a team atmosphere so that workers feel that they are a part of a bigger project. This helps the employees to be able to develop a strong working relationship with other workers that cater to their needs to build a social life. From a sales and marketing perspective, organizations can focus on specific needs as a way to promote or sell products. For instance, a fashion label can specialize on physiological needs like the need to be protected from the adverse elements of the environment such as extreme weather conditions, while also catering to self-actualization needs by creating clothes that can alter
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Human Resources: Literature Review Name Institution Date Human Resources: Literature Review Abstract The human resource management department in almost all organizations is viewed as being responsible for how their bodies of workers are treated. Human resource management deals with hiring practices of business firms, payment terms, and the solving of all problems that are commonly associated with the workforce…
Selective Literature Review
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