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Organizational Behaviors at Apple Inc - Literature review Example

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This paper takes a look at some of the organizational behaviors at Apple Inc. The company has been a complete success to the extent of being a team leader in its line of production. Apple Inc. itself, however, has had a unique organizational behavior since its formation to its present status…
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Organizational Behaviors at Apple Inc
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Download file to see previous pages Right from its inception into the technology business, Apple Inc. has had a historic background in its leadership, leading it to become a market leader in its field. The achievement can only be linked to the organization’s dedication and severity when it comes to leadership. Over many years, there have been a number of developmental changes in the organization’s structure and leadership. The organization’s objective of changing the world through a provision of computers to the masses has led to multiple changes within the company that has either been positive or negative to the company’s growth (Freedman & Vohr, 1991). The company was first under a centralized organizational structure in 1983, being run by its co-founder Steve Jobs and CEO Markkula. Under this structure, authority was restricted only to higher levels of leadership which were all under Markkula (Schermerhorn, Hunt, Osborn, & Uhl-Bien, 2010).
At its early stage, the organization was made up of five product divisions, an additional four divisions offering product support services and other several administrative departments (Freedman & Vohr, 1991). All the divisions and departments reported to Markkula and Jobs; however, this system was not an effective one. This is because, with time, there started to be divisions of interest within the divisions unto which the newly appointed CEO had to carryout re-organization and restructuring of the management system (Apple Inc. 2010). Over the years, there have been several changes in the management of the company including the dismissal and re-appointment of the company’s co-founder Steve Jobs. This essay will forego all the changes that took place in the company and concentrate on the leadership of Steve Jobs and his influence over the company during his tenure as the company’s CEO. The traditional leadership theory was first described by Marx Weber (1947). The leadership theory relates to a style that bases its belief in power being bequeathed to a leader as a way of maintaining the tradition.
In contemporary leadership, there are several theories with at least each research carried out giving two. However, the most common contemporary theories are two, and most of the other theories relate to these two. The theories have similar characteristics as they view leaders as an inspiration to their followers. The two theories include; transformational leadership and charismatic leadership (Goertzen, 2010). A charismatic leader was first discussed by Weber over a century ago, and he gave four characteristics, which include vision and articulation, sensitive, extraordinary behaviors, and a risk-taker in achieving goals and visions (Quick & Nelson, 2013). The other theory describes the transactional leaders. This theory portrays such leaders as guides and motivators towards their followers in establishing goals sets. They are able to achieve this by ensuring that all the subordinates understand their roles and requirements pertaining to the task ahead. They are also likely to surpass their individual interest for the benefit of the organization which gains them extraordinary and profound effect towards their followers (Schermerhorn, Hunt, Osborn, & Uhl-Bien, 2010).
In the current business world and organizations, there are a lot of changes being carried out, especially in management, causing a great change in leadership traits. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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