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The Character of Hermes in Mythology - Research Paper Example

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The current research paper investigates the origin and development of Hermes in Greek and Rome mythologies. Moreover, the paper "The Character of Hermes in Mythology" examines how the character of Hermes evolved throughout the years according to various sources…
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The Character of Hermes in Mythology
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Download file to see previous pages Hermes was a multifaceted Olympian god whose roles included Zeus’s divine messenger, herald of the gods of Olympus and the gods of the Underworld and guide to the souls on their journey to the Underworld. Zeus and Hades gave Hermes permission to travel freely between both worlds because anyone who entered the Underworld was unable to leave again. In absolute terms, this is the ultimate trick, being able to leave the world of the dead and return to the world of the living (https://redmythology.wikispaces.com/Hermes-Mercury).
Some of his other positions were those of God of travel, hospitality, heralds, diplomacy, trade and cunning. Diplomacy and cunning can be skilfully manipulated to deceive. This fact needs to be remembered as we enter a discussion of three written sources: The Homeric hymns, Homer’s Odyssey and Ovid’s Metamorphoses. First, an investigation of the details of Hermes birth by referring to Hesiod’s Theogony and then comparing it to the treatment of the subject in the Homeric hymns to Hermes is in order. The reference to the event in Hesiod’s Theogony is very brief and only refers to his parentage and birth. Here it is reported that Hermes was the son of Zeus and Maia, who was born in a cave of Mount Cyllene in Arcadia. He was described as an unusual and precocious child. ‘And Maia, the daughter of Atlas, bare to Zeus glorious Hermes, the herald of the deathless gods, for she went up into his holy bed. (Hesiod’s Theogony Part 10 901-1022 translated by H.G.Evelyn –White)). Other versions appear in the Homeric hymns (4 and 18 to Hermes) (Hymn 4. 1-29 cited in M& L p272) and (Hymn 18.). These are very similar in their accounts, both mentioning his birth and parentage but differing in describing his roles. Hymn 4 describes his appointment as a messenger of the gods and to Hades.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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