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hina to intervene in the war because of the fear that USA would help the South conquer the North and acquire its territory.1 Chinese also wanted to safeguard the Chinese-Korean border, as well as support for the North to win a glorious battle and to reclaim its status as the Central Kingdom. By helping the North resist the South, China considered it as repaying the North for the soldiers they provided during the civil war in China. Above all, China had a long standing towards the USA and they saw this as the perfect opportunity to inflict pain and suffering to the USA.2
Evidently, Chinese were not prepared to enter the Korean War, but entry of the US prompted them to rethink their decision and join the war. They entered the war to protect their border and to repay debt they owed North Korea, and most importantly to disapprove the US as the war provided a chance to maintain its status and pride as the world power.
Civil Operation and Revolutionary Development Support was an organization formed in May 1967. The program aimed at coordinating the U.S public and pacification programs by pulling together all U.S military and civilian agencies engaged in the pacification efforts. The U.S aimed at promoting pacification of the countryside through development of rural areas coordinated with the army operation. CORDS efforts worked well to integrate military and civil efforts as exemplified by the United States Military experience in Vietnam.
According to White, Komer, the head of CORD’s operation in Vietnam, successfully integrated the civilian and military personnel into a single efficient unit.3 Furthermore, Komer successfully placed soldiers under the command of civilians. This merger helped eliminate much of the home loyalty that had led to ineffective working of civilians under the previous Office of Civil system. Komer also consolidated the civilian and pacification into distinct and useful CORD programs.4 It was for the purpose of creating a powerful and
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According to Cumings, “[t]he thirty-eighth parallel not only cut through the center of Kaesong, the old home of the Koryo aristocracy and its capital, but ran along the southern slope of Mount Song’ak –perhaps right through the ancestral home of the Wangs, or through the royal residence that Wang Kon built on the same spot and called Manwoldae, or Full Moon Palace” (237).
It is the forgotten war because not much attention is given to it even though it is a major event in world history. This is because it took place between two of the most major events, World War II and the Vietnam War. (Micheal, 2001)
The causes of the war were many.
Korea had been occupied by Japanese troops in 1905, then annexed by Japan in 1910. During World War II, it was considered enemy territory. At the Cairo Summit in November 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt endorsed a policy of a free and independent Korea in due course.
The Soviet army and government refused to retreat from the conquered territories of Europe and took control of it, not planning to relinquish it. And this was the situation, as the two superpowers were locked in a tight battle over control and influence around
In Korean War, there were many technological developed weaponry was employed. There were tanks and anti-tank artillery, there were fully-fledged aircraft that kept the power of attacking and there were naval ships, cruisers,
On its first week, the offensive was delayed due to strong resistance but by March 13, significant gains were achieved and several days later, the enemy began to finally retreat and drove the North Korean and Chinese troops north of the 38th Parallel.1 The
On 25th June 1950, North Korea crossed the 38th parallel into South Korea and took the major port of Pusan. As the North Koreans advanced rapidly into South Korea, the United States urged the UN Security Council to use the United Nations Charter to classify North
The acceleration of development in Korea took effect in 1905 when Japan secured Korea as a colony from Russia. Japanese peasants and proprietors came into Korea and invested heavily in rice farming through improvement in technology such as
This invasion marks the first military action of the Cold War.
Bachrach describes the formation of the two Koreas. He states that since the beginning of the 20th Century, Korea had been part of the Japanese Empire but it
The war was triggered by the matching of the 75,000 military troops from North Korea across the 38th parallel boundary that separated North Korea from South Korea (History n.p.). However, this invasion quickly
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