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At the same time, there was high inflation at the empire, and its economy was deteriorating. The state was under constant threats of bankruptcy because its inhabitants resisted sharing the empire’s wealth. Large amounts of gold were sent to the orient to cater for luxury goods that led to a decline on the gold available to make coins. Its currency devalued, and people had to return bartering system of trade (“IHA”).
The empire also had heavy military spending. Its constant wars saw the army overstretched, and it started recruiting the conquered barbarians and other foreign mercenaries. The barbarians later joined up with outside forces to fight the empire. At one time, the Roman soldiers were moved to fight in Italy civil wars leaving their borders with little resistance to German mercenaries (“IHA”).
The period ranged approximately 80 BC to 20 AD. During this period, the Latin Language was perfected as a literary medium. Some of the main and outstanding Latin masterpieces were composed during this period. In it, the Ciceronian Period lasted from 70 BC to 42 BC, and was dominated by Marcus Tullius Cicero. The second was between 43 BC and 20 AD named as the Augustan Age. It featured writers such as Livy, Horace, and Virgil (Spielvogel, 152).
The period ran from 500 BC to 330 BC. It was a great age for arts and literature. Some of the notable figures in this period were Greek dramatists such as Aristophanes and Euripides. They were also influential poets such as Ovid and Horace (Spielvogel, 89-100).
The period was between 800 BC and 500 BC. Literature from this period includes earliest texts that have preserved as manuscripts. The period marked immaturity both in language and art. Poetry dominated the period with notable figures such as Pacuvius, Ennius, and Accius. Literature also drew from the traditions of other communities’ cultures such as Greece (Spielvogel, 67-79).
Roman architecture was inspired by
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What are some of the causes of the fall of the Roman Empire? Why are there so many different opinions about this? Why do you think was the reason for the fall of Rome?
In the history of the Western civilizations, the place of Rome stands supreme. Two famous civilizations spread across the Western world-the Greek and the Roman.
The name Caligula, not his given name, is actually a nickname that means ‘little boot’, a reference to his childhood where he would go on military campaigns with his father and often dressed in a child sized military outfit, complete with boots (these looked more like sandals than what modern sources would think of as boots).
Indeed, Roman Civilization was the foundation of what was known as the Western Civilization. The Roman Empire legacy will forever remain. Roman Empire led to conservation of the Hellenistic world, Greek civilization. Moreover, Romans Empire rekindles our memory of classical and ancient civilization since time of Egyptians and Mesopotamians.
This scenario saw war inevitable and consequently, Rome sprung into the battle field in many occasions to defend and pursue her interests. Such were a series of wars fought between the Romans and the Carthaginians known as the Punic wars. The second Punic war, fought between 208- 201 BC ( Duiker and Spielvogel 2008 p.
re than fourteen centuries later (this includes the Byzantium or Eastern Roman Empire), the following will provide a thorough yet concise description of the rise and the fall of the Roman Empire. Primarily utilizing the work of reviewer J. G. A. Pocock and scholar Chester G.
There were different factors which affected the empire during their five centuries of rule. The fall of the Roman Empire resulted in a revolution in the European history. The decline of Roman Empire could be contributed to many
This forced the government to raise taxes in order to collect revenue, and this led to inflation. In addition, there was a sharp decline in the middle class. This comprised or artisans and merchants who supported the Roman economy. This
Another feature is that the names of the author have been listed accompanied by the author’s tittles and degree as well as the author’s affiliated institution. These among other features make the article to be identified as a scholarly article (Nice, 2015)
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